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Resolution 1583

The situation in the Middle East


S/RES/1583 (2005)
Security Council Distr.: General
28 January 2005
05-22390 (E)
Resolution 1583 (2005)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5117th meeting, on
28 January 2005
The Security Council,
Recalling all its previous resolutions on Lebanon, including resolutions 425
(1978) and 426 (1978) of 19 March 1978 and 1553 (2004) of 29 July 2004 as well
as the statements of its President on the situation in Lebanon, in particular the
statement of 18 June 2000 (S/PRST/2000/21),
Recalling further the letter from its President to the Secretary-General of
18 May 2001 (S/2001/500),
Recalling also the Secretary-General’s conclusion that, as of 16 June 2000,
Israel had withdrawn its forces from Lebanon in accordance with resolution 425
(1978) and met the requirements defined in the Secretary-General’s report of
22 May 2000 (S/2000/460), as well as the Secretary-General’s conclusion that the
United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) had essentially completed two
of the three parts of its mandate, focusing now on the remaining task of restoring
international peace and security,
Gravely concerned at the persistence of tension and violence along the Blue
Emphasizing once again the interim nature of UNIFIL,
Recalling its resolution 1308 (2000) of 17 July 2000,
Recalling also its resolution 1325 (2000) of 31 October 2000,
Recalling further the relevant principles contained in the Convention on the
Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel adopted on 9 December 1994,
Responding to the request of the Government of Lebanon to extend the
mandate of UNIFIL for a new period of six months presented in the letter from its
Permanent Representative to the United Nations of 11 January 2005 to the
Secretary-General (S/2005/13), while reaffirming that the Council has recognized
the Blue Line as valid for the purpose of confirming Israel’s withdrawal pursuant to
resolution 425 and that the Blue Line must be respected in its entirety,
Expressing its concern over the tensions and potential for escalation as noted
in the Secretary-General’s report of 20 January (S/2005/36),
S/RES/1583 (2005)
1. Endorses the report of the Secretary-General on UNIFIL of 20 January
2. Decides to extend the present mandate until 31 July 2005;
3. Reiterates its strong support for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and
political independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized boundaries
and under the sole and exclusive authority of the Government of Lebanon;
4. Calls upon the Government of Lebanon to fully extend and exercise its
sole and effective authority throughout the south, including through the deployment
of sufficient numbers of Lebanese armed and security forces, to ensure a calm
environment throughout the area, including along the Blue Line, and to exert control
over the use of force on its territory and from it;
5. Calls on the parties to ensure UNIFIL is accorded full freedom of
movement throughout its area of operation as outlined in the Secretary-General’s
report, and requests UNIFIL to report any obstruction it may face in the discharge of
its mandate;
6. Reiterates its call on the parties to continue to fulfil the commitments
they have given to respect fully the entire withdrawal line identified by the United
Nations, as set out in the Secretary-General’s report of 16 June 2000 (S/2000/590),
to exercise utmost restraint and to cooperate fully with the United Nations and
7. Condemns all acts of violence, including the recent incidents across the
Blue Line that have resulted in the killing and wounding of United Nations military
observers, expresses great concern about the serious breaches and the sea, land and
continuing air violations of the withdrawal line, and urges the parties to put an end
to these violations, to refrain from any act or provocation that could further escalate
the tension and to abide scrupulously by their obligation to respect the safety of the
UNIFIL and other United Nations personnel;
8. Supports the continued efforts of UNIFIL to maintain the ceasefire along
the withdrawal line through mobile patrols and observation from fixed positions and
through close contacts with the parties to correct violations, resolve incidents and
prevent their escalation, while stressing the primary responsibility of the parties in
this regard;
9. Welcomes the continued contribution of UNIFIL to operational mine
clearance, encourages further assistance in mine action by the United Nations to the
Government of Lebanon in support of both the continued development of its
national mine action capacity and clearance of the remaining mine/UXO threat in
the south, commends donor countries for supporting these efforts through financial
and in-kind contributions and encourages further international contributions, and
stresses the necessity for provision to the Government of Lebanon and UNIFIL any
additional existing maps and minefield records;
10. Requests the Secretary-General to continue consultations with the
Government of Lebanon and other parties directly concerned on the implementation
of this resolution and to report thereon to the Council before the end of the present
mandate as well as on the activities of UNIFIL and the tasks presently carried out by
the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO);
S/RES/1583 (2005)
11. Expresses its intention to review the mandate and structures of UNIFIL at
the end of the present mandate and requests the Secretary-General, following
appropriate consultations, including with the Lebanese Government, to include in
his report recommendations in this regard, taking into account the prevailing
situation on the ground, the activities actually performed by the Force in its area of
operation and its contribution towards the remaining task of restoring international
peace and security;
12. Looks forward to the early fulfilment of the mandate of UNIFIL;
13. Stresses the importance of, and the need to achieve, a comprehensive,
just and lasting peace in the Middle East, based on all its relevant resolutions
including its resolutions 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967 and 338 (1973) of
22 October 1973.

Lebanon, Middle East
The situation in the Middle East
Related with resolutions
242 338 425 426 1308 1325 1553
Quoted in resolutions
Security Council Composition