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Resolution 1616

The situation concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo


S/RES/1616 (2005)
Security Council Distr.: General
29 July 2005
05-44636 (E)
Resolution 1616 (2005)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5243rd meeting, on
29 July 2005
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions and the statements by its President
concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in particular resolutions 1493 of
28 July 2003, 1533 of 12 March 2004, 1552 of 27 July 2004, 1565 of 1 October
2004, 1592 of 30 March 2005 and 1596 of 18 April 2005,
Reiterating its serious concern regarding the presence of armed groups and
militias in the Eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, particularly in
the provinces of North Kivu and South Kivu and in the Ituri district, which
perpetuate a climate of insecurity in the whole region,
Condemning the continuing illicit flow of weapons within and into the
Democratic Republic of the Congo, and declaring its determination to closely
monitor compliance with the arms embargo imposed by resolution 1493 and
expanded by resolution 1596, and to enforce the measures provided for in
paragraphs 13 and 15 of resolution 1596 against persons and entities acting in
violation of this embargo,
Recognizing the linkage between the illegal exploitation of natural resources,
illicit trade in such resources and the proliferation and trafficking of arms as one of
the factors fuelling and exacerbating conflicts in the Great Lakes region of Africa,
Taking note of the report of the Group of Experts referred to in paragraph 10 of
resolution 1533 and paragraph 21 of resolution 1596 (hereafter the Group of
Experts), dated 5 July 2005 (S/2005/436), transmitted by the Committee established
in accordance with paragraph 8 of resolution 1533 (hereafter the Committee),
Noting that the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to
constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Reaffirms the demands of paragraphs 15, 18 and 19 of resolution 1493
and of paragraphs 5 and 19 of resolution 1596;
2. Decides, in light of the failure by the parties to comply with the demands
of the Council, to renew until 31 July 2006 the provisions of paragraphs 20 to 22 of
S/RES/1616 (2005)
resolution 1493, as amended and expanded by paragraph 1 of resolution 1596, and
reaffirms paragraphs 2, 6, 10 and 13 to 16 of resolution 1596;
3. Expresses its intention to modify or to remove those provisions if it
determines that the demands noted above have been satisfied;
4. Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Committee, to
re-establish the Group of Experts within thirty days from the date of adoption of this
resolution and for a period expiring on 31 January 2006, drawing, as appropriate, on
the expertise of the members of the group of experts established pursuant to
resolution 1596;
5. Requests the Group of Experts to continue fulfilling its mandate as
defined in resolutions 1533 and 1596, to update the Committee on its work by
10 November 2005, and to report to the Council in writing, through the Committee,
before 10 January 2006, including on the implementation of the measures imposed
by paragraph 20 of resolution 1493 and expanded by resolution 1596, with
recommendations in this regard, in particular regarding the lists provided for by
paragraph 10 (g) of resolution 1533, and including information on the sources of
financing, such as from natural resources, which are funding the illicit trade in arms;
6. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Congo, DR
The situation concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Related with resolutions
1493 1533 1552 1565 1592 1596
Quoted in resolutions
1649 1654 1698
Security Council Composition