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Resolution 1630

The situation in Somalia


S/RES/1630 (2005)
Security Council Distr.: General
14 October 2005
05-55412 (E)
Resolution 1630 (2005)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5280th meeting, on
14 October 2005
The Security Council,
Reaffirming its previous resolutions and the statements of its President
concerning the situation in Somalia, in particular resolution 733 (1992) of
23 January 1992, which established an embargo on all delivery of weapons and
military equipment to Somalia (hereinafter referred to as the “arms embargo”),
resolution 1519 (2003) of 16 December 2003, resolution 1558 (2004) of 17 August
2004 and resolution 1587 (2005) of 15 March 2005,
Reaffirming the importance of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political
independence and unity of Somalia,
Reiterating the urgent need for all Somali leaders to take tangible steps to
begin political dialogue,
Reaffirming its strong support for the leadership of the Special Representative
of the Secretary-General in his efforts in fostering inclusive dialogue, particularly
through his road map for dialogue among the leaders of the Transitional Federal
Stressing the need for the Transitional Federal Institutions to continue working
towards establishing effective national governance in Somalia,
Commending the efforts of the African Union and the Intergovernmental
Authority on Development in support of the Transitional Federal Institutions and
welcoming the African Union’s continued support for national reconciliation in
Taking note of the report of the Monitoring Group dated 22 August 2005
(S/2005/625, annex) submitted pursuant to paragraph 3 (i) of resolution 1587 (2005)
and the observations and recommendations contained therein,
Condemning the significant increase in the flow of weapons and ammunition
supplies to and through Somalia, which constitutes a violation of the arms embargo
and a serious threat to the Somali peace process,
Reiterating its insistence that all Member States, in particular those in the
region, should refrain from any action in contravention of the arms embargo and
should take all necessary steps to hold violators accountable,
S/RES/1630 (2005)
Reiterating and underscoring the importance of enhancing the monitoring of
the arms embargo in Somalia through persistent and vigilant investigation into the
violations, bearing in mind that strict enforcement of the arms embargo will improve
the overall security situation in Somalia,
Determining that the situation in Somalia constitutes a threat to international
peace and security in the region,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Stresses the obligation of all Member States to comply fully with the
measures imposed by resolution 733 (1992);
2. Expresses its intention, in light of the report of the Monitoring Group
dated 22 August 2005 (S/2005/625, annex), to consider specific actions to improve
implementation of and compliance with measures imposed by resolution 733
3. Decides to request the Secretary-General, in consultation with the
Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) of 24 April 1992
(hereinafter referred to as “the Committee”), to re-establish within thirty days from
the date of the adoption of this resolution, and for a period of six months, the
Monitoring Group referred to in paragraph 3 of resolution 1558 (2004), with the
following mandate:
(a) to continue the tasks outlined in paragraphs 3 (a) to (c) of resolution
1587 (2005);
(b) to continue to investigate, in coordination with relevant international
agencies, all activities, including in the financial, maritime and other sectors, which
generate revenues used to commit arms embargo violations;
(c) to continue to investigate any means of transport, routes, seaports,
airports and other facilities used in connection with arms embargo violations;
(d) to continue refining and updating information on the draft list of those
individuals and entities who violate the measures implemented by Member States in
accordance with resolution 733 (1992), inside and outside Somalia, and their active
supporters, for possible future measures by the Council, and to present such
information to the Committee as and when the Committee deems appropriate;
(e) to continue making recommendations based on its investigations, on the
previous reports of the Panel of Experts (S/2003/223 and S/2003/1035) appointed
pursuant to resolutions 1425 (2002) of 22 July 2002 and 1474 (2003) of 8 April
2003, and on the previous reports of the Monitoring Group (S/2004/604 and
S/2005/153) appointed pursuant to resolutions 1519 (2003) of 16 December 2003,
1558 (2004) of 17 August 2004 and 1587 (2005) of 15 March 2005;
(f) to work closely with the Committee on specific recommendations for
additional measures to improve overall compliance with the arms embargo;
(g) to assist in identifying areas where the capacities of States in the region
can be strengthened to facilitate the implementation of the arms embargo;
(h) to provide to the Council, through the Committee, a midterm briefing
within 90 days from its establishment;
S/RES/1630 (2005)
(i) to submit, for the Security Council’s consideration, through the
Committee, a final report covering all the tasks set out above, no later than 15 days
prior to the termination of the Monitoring Group’s mandate;
4. Further requests the Secretary-General to make the necessary financial
arrangements to support the work of the Monitoring Group;
5. Reaffirms paragraphs 4, 5, 7, 8 and 10 of resolution 1519 (2003);
6. Requests the Committee, in accordance with its mandate and in
consultation with the Monitoring Group and other relevant United Nations entities,
to consider and recommend to the Council ways to improve implementation of and
compliance with the arms embargo, in response to continuing violations;
7. Further requests the Committee to consider, when appropriate, a visit to
Somalia and/or the region by its Chairman and those he may designate, as approved
by the Committee, to demonstrate the Security Council’s determination to give full
effect to the arms embargo;
8. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

The situation in Somalia
Related with resolutions
733 1425 1519 1558 1587
Quoted in resolutions
1676 1724 1766 1811 1853 1916 2002 2060
Security Council Composition