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Resolution 1784

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan


S/RES/1784 (2007)
Security Council Distr.: General
31 October 2007
07-57454 (E)
Resolution 1784 (2007)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5774th meeting, on
31 October 2007
The Security Council,
Recalling all its resolutions and presidential statements concerning the
situation in the Sudan,
Recalling also its previous resolutions 1674 (2006) on the protection of
civilians in armed conflict, which reaffirms, inter alia, the relevant provisions of the
United Nations World Summit Outcome document, 1612 (2005) of 26 July 2005 on
children in armed conflict, 1502 (2003) on the protection of humanitarian and
United Nations personnel, 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security,
Reaffirming its commitment to the sovereignty, unity, independence, and
territorial integrity of the Sudan and to the cause of peace,
Urging the parties to meet their outstanding commitments to implement the
Comprehensive Peace Agreement, and noting in particular the delay in achieving the
full and verified redeployment of forces by 9 July 2007 and urging such
redeployment, and the need for further progress in the demarcation of the North-
South border and the implementation of the Resolution of the Abyei Conflict,
Recalling the commitment of the international community to support the
Comprehensive Peace Agreement process, including through development aid, and
calling upon donors to support implementation of the Comprehensive Peace
Agreement, including by putting in place the Oslo Conference pledges of 2005,
Urging the Government of National Unity to take all necessary steps to
prepare for the conduct of free and fair elections, including by committing its share
of necessary resources for the conduct of a national census, and further urges the
international community to provide technical and material assistance for electoral
preparations, including for the national census,
Welcoming the continuing organized returns of internally displaced persons
from Khartoum to Southern Kordofan and Southern Sudan and that of refugees from
countries of asylum to Southern Sudan and encouraging the promotion of efforts,
including the provision of necessary resources to the Office of the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees and implementing partners, to ensure that such
returns are sustainable,
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Commending the work of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (“UNMIS”) in
support of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, and commending the continued
commitment by troop-contributing countries in support of this mission,
Welcoming the Secretary-General’s appointment of Ashraf Qazi as his special
representative for UNMIS and of Ameera Haq as his deputy special representative
for humanitarian coordination,
Reiterating its concern over the restrictions and all the impediments placed on
the movements of UNMIS personnel and materiel, and the adverse impact such
restrictions and impediments have on UNMIS ability to perform its mandate
effectively and on the ability of the humanitarian community to reach affected
persons; and calling upon all the parties to abide by its international obligations in
this regard, as well as those set out in the Status of Forces Agreement,
Commending UNMIS efforts in Darfur and its facilitation of United Nations-
African Union Mission in Darfur’s (UNAMID) assumption of responsibility for
peacekeeping in Darfur,
Recognizing that successful implementation of the Comprehensive Peace
Agreement (CPA) is [essential] to resolution of the crisis in Darfur and to
sustainable peace and stability in the region; condemning the acts of violence
perpetrated by all sides: and calling for the rapid deployment of the United Nations
Light and Heavy Support Packages for the African Union Mission in Sudan, the full
deployment of UNAMID and the protection of humanitarian workers,
Taking note of the reports of the Secretary-General on Sudan dated 23 October
2007 (S/2007/624) and on children and armed conflict in the Sudan dated 29 August
2007 (S/2007/520), and the report of the Security Council following its June 2007
mission to the Sudan,
Determining that the situation in the Sudan continues to constitute a threat to
international peace and security,
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNMIS until 30 April 2008, with the
intention to renew it for further periods;
2. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every three
months on the implementation of the mandate of UNMIS, progress on
implementation of the CPA, and respect for the ceasefire;
3. Stresses the importance of full and expeditious implementation of all
elements of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the N’djamena Humanitarian
Ceasefire Agreement, the Darfur Peace Agreement, and the October 2006 Eastern
Sudan Peace Agreement, calls for all the parties to respect their commitments to
these agreements without delay;
4. Stresses the critical role of the Assessment and Evaluation Commission
in overseeing and reporting on implementation of the Comprehensive Peace
Agreement and calls for the strengthening of the Commission’s autonomy and looks
forward to the production of the interim report and recommendations of the
Commission in January 2008;
5. Calls for all parties to agree immediately to full unrestricted UNMIS
monitoring and verification in the Abyei region, without prejudice to the final
agreement on the actual borders between the two sides;
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6. Urges UNMIS to continue its efforts consistent with its mandate to assess
progress in redeployment of forces, in particular in the areas of Unity, Upper Nile,
South Kordofan, Abyei, and Blue Nile, and to reinforce its ability to assist the
parties in reducing tension in areas of potential conflict between them and further
urges the parties immediately to speed up efforts towards the completion of
redeployment of forces;
7. Calls on the parties to take steps to reduce tensions in the Abyei region,
including by redeploying their forces away from the disputed 1 January 1956 border
and by implementing an Interim Administration and agreeing upon boundaries, and
expresses support for UNMIS, consistent with its mandate and in accordance with
the CPA, to assist the parties in monitoring such arrangements as they may make in
this regard, including by deploying UNMIS personnel to areas from which forces
may be withdrawn;
8. Recalls UNMIS mandate to liaise with bilateral donors on the formation
of Joint Integrated Units (“JIU”), requests UNMIS to come up with a plan of
support with the Joint Defense Board and further urges donors to offer support, via
UNMIS, to enable the full establishment of JIUs as soon as possible and further
urges UNMIS to assist in voluntary disarmament and weapons collection and
destruction efforts in implementation of plans under the CPA for disarmament,
demobilization, and reintegration;
9. Urges UNMIS, consistent with its mandate and in coordination with the
relevant parties, to increase its support for the National Disarmament,
Demobilization and Reintegration Coordination Council and the Northern and
Southern DDR Commissions and further urges donors to respond to calls for
assistance from the joint United Nations DDR Unit;
10. Recalls UNMIS mandate to provide guidance and technical assistance to
support the preparations for the conduct of elections and referenda provided for by
the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and urges UNMIS to continue its efforts in
this regard, including by providing technical and logistical support to the national
census, and in coordination with the Government of National Unity and with other
relevant United Nations offices;
11. Calls for UNMIS to support reconciliation in all its aspects, emphasizing
the role of women and civil society and to work with UNDP and other agencies;
12. Calls upon the parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the
communiqué, signed between the United Nations and the Government of National
Unity in Khartoum on 28 March 2007 to support, protect, and facilitate all
humanitarian operations in the Sudan;
13. Recalls UNMIS role in facilitating the deployment of the United Nations
Light and Heavy Support Packages for AMIS, and calls upon the Government of
National Unity and all other parties to cooperate fully with this deployment, and
with the deployment of all components of UNAMID;
14. Calls upon the Government of National Unity to cooperate fully with all
United Nations operations within its territory in the implementation of their
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15. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take the necessary
measures to ensure full compliance in UNMIS with the United Nations zerotolerance
policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to keep the Council informed,
and urges troop-contributing countries to take appropriate preventive action
including predeployment awareness training, and other action to ensure full
accountability in cases of such conduct involving their personnel;
16. Requests the Secretary-General, in his next three-month report to the
Council, to include:
(a) an assessment of progress in implementation of plans under the CPA for
disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, and to set out the key points of a
strategy for achieving further progress, including benchmarks against which such
progress can be measured and, specifically, the role of UNMIS at the various stages
of implementation; and
(b) an assessment of whether any changes to UNMIS mandate may be
needed to enhance its ability to assist the parties in the implementation of the CPA;
17. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan
Related with resolutions
1325 1502 1612 1674
Security Council Composition