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Resolution 1791

The situation in Burundi


S/RES/1791 (2007)
Security Council Distr.: General
19 December 2007
07-65317 (E)
Resolution 1791 (2007)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5809th meeting, on
19 December 2007
The Security Council,
Recalling its resolutions and the statements of the President on Burundi, in
particular its resolution 1719 (2006),
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and unity of Burundi, and emphasizing the importance of national
ownership by Burundi of peacebuilding, security and long-term development,
Noting the progress made by Burundi towards consolidating peace and
stability, as well as the remaining challenges, in particular completing the peace
process with the Forces Nationales de Libération (Palipehutu-FNL), consolidating
democratically-elected institutions and good governance, and completing the
disarmament, demobilization and reinsertion process and the reform of the security
sector, including ensuring that the security forces and judicial institutions effectively
protect human rights and the rule of law,
Welcoming the appointment on 14 November 2007 of a government of national
Emphasizing the need for the United Nations system and the international
community to maintain their support for peace consolidation and long-term
development in Burundi, and welcoming in this regard the establishment of the
“Groupe de coordination des partenaires”,
Taking note of the briefing of the Chairman of the Burundi configuration of the
Peacebuilding Commission on 6 December 2007, welcoming the Peacebuilding
Commission’s close engagement on Burundi, including the finalization with the
Burundian Government of the Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding and the
adoption of the Monitoring and Tracking Mechanism, and looking forward to its
implementation in the same spirit of partnership,
Paying tribute to the facilitation efforts of South Africa, in conjunction with
the countries of the Regional Peace Initiative and the African Union, to promote the
full implementation of the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement signed on
7 September 2006 in Dar-es-Salaam between the Government of Burundi and the
S/RES/1791 (2007)
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Welcoming the signing, on 2 November 2007, of a framework agreement on
the establishment of a Tripartite Steering Committee for National Consultations on
Transitional Justice Mechanisms, stressing the importance of an early start of the
Committee’s activities, and encouraging the Burundian authorities and the
Secretary-General, pursuant to resolution 1606 (2005), to continue to cooperate on
this issue,
Recalling the conclusions of its Working Group on Children and Armed
Conflict pertaining to parties in armed conflict in Burundi (S/2007/92), taking note
of the report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Burundi
(S/2007/686), calling upon the Government of Burundi and urging all parties, in
particular the Palipehutu-FNL, to cooperate with the Working Group with a view to
following up on its conclusions, and encouraging United Nations agencies and
donors to continue to support these efforts,
Welcoming BINUB’s policy to promote and protect the rights of women and to
take into account gender considerations as set out in its resolution 1325 (2000) as a
cross-cutting issue throughout its mandate and to keep the Council informed,
Having considered the second report (S/2007/682) of the Secretary-General on
the United Nations Integrated Office in Burundi (BINUB),
1. Decides to extend until 31 December 2008 the mandate of BINUB, as set
out in resolution 1719;
2. Commends the authorities and political actors in Burundi for persevering
in their dialogue on achieving stability and national reconciliation and to promote
social harmony in their country, and encourages them to continue that dialogue;
3. Urges the Palipehutu-FNL to return to the Joint Verification and
Monitoring Mechanism (JVMM) without delay or preconditions and to immediately
release all children associated with it, and calls on both parties to the
Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement to refrain from any action that might lead to a
resumption of hostilities and to resolve outstanding issues in a spirit of cooperation
including through agreeing on a road map of sequenced steps and clear time frames
for the successful implementation of the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement and
conclusion of the final phase of the peace process;
4. Encourages the South African Facilitation, the Regional Peace Initiative,
the African Union and other international partners to reinforce efforts in support of
the early conclusion of the peace process between the Government of Burundi and
Palipehutu-FNL, and requests the Secretary-General, including through BINUB, to
play a robust political role in support of the peace process, in full coordination with
regional and international partners;
5. Encourages BINUB and the Facilitation to expedite their consultations
on a common approach to deal with the issue of alleged FNL dissidents, with
appropriate international support;
6. Encourages the Burundian Government to pursue its efforts regarding
peace consolidation challenges, in particular democratic governance and justice and
security reforms;
7. Expresses its deep concern at the continuing human rights violations,
including sexual and gender-based violence, and urges the Government to diligently
investigate all such reports and take the necessary steps to prevent further violations
and to ensure that those responsible are brought to justice;
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8. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to report regularly to the
Council on the implementation of the mandate of BINUB and the progress regarding
the benchmarks contained in the addendum to his report dated 21 June 2006
(S/2006/429/Add.1), and to keep the Council informed of the progress towards the
eventual transition from the integrated office to a primarily development-focused
9. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

The situation in Burundi
Related with resolutions
1325 1606 1719
Quoted in resolutions
1858 1902 1959
Security Council Composition