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Resolution 1812

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan


S/RES/1812 (2008)
Security Council Distr.: General
30 April 2008
08-32527 (E)
Resolution 1812 (208)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5882nd meeting, on
30 April 2008
The Security Council,
Recalling all its resolutions and presidential statements concerning the
situation in the Sudan,
Recalling also its previous resolutions 1674 (2006) on the protection of
civilians in armed conflict, which reaffirms, inter alia, the relevant provisions of the
United Nations World Summit outcome document, 1612 (2005) on children in
armed conflict, 1502 (2003) on the protection of humanitarian and United Nations
personnel, 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security,
Reaffirming its commitment to the sovereignty, unity, independence, and
territorial integrity of the Sudan and to the cause of peace,
Commending the work of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) in
support of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), commending the continued
commitment by troop-contributing countries in support of this mission, and also
commending UNMIS’s efforts in assisting in the transition of the African Union
Mission in Sudan (AMIS) to the United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur
Recognizing that successful implementation of the CPA is essential to
resolution of the crisis in Darfur and to sustainable peace and stability in the region;
and condemning acts of violence perpetrated by all sides,
Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on Sudan dated 22 April
2008, including his recommendations and taking note of the report on children and
armed conflict in the Sudan (S/2007/520) dated 29 August 2007 and recalling the
conclusions endorsed by the Security Council on Children and Armed Conflict in
the Sudan (S/AC.51/2008/7),
Welcoming the appointment of Derek Plumbly as the new chairman of the
Assessment and Evaluation Commission (AEC),
Recalling the commitment of the international community to support the CPA
process, including through development aid, and urging donors to support
implementation of the CPA and to honour all pledges to this end,
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Recalling the need for UNMIS to make full use of its current mandate and
capabilities with regard to the activities of militias and armed groups such as the
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in Sudan, as stated in resolution 1663,
Welcoming the mediation efforts of the Government of South Sudan to bring
an end to the 22-year conflict between the LRA and the Government of Uganda, and
urging the parties to reach a resolution,
Welcoming the start of the national census on 22 April 2008 as a significant
milestone in the implementation of the CPA; urging the continued support of a fair
and inclusive census and acceptance of the results by all the parties,
Determining that the situation in the Sudan continues to constitute a threat to
international peace and security,
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNMIS until 30 April 2009, with the
intention to renew it for further periods;
2. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every three
months on the implementation of the mandate of UNMIS, progress on
implementation of the CPA, and respect for the ceasefire, and to provide an
assessment and recommendations on measures UNMIS might take to further support
elections, and to advance the peace process;
3. Stresses the importance of full and expeditious implementation of all
elements of the CPA, the Darfur Peace Agreement, and the October 2006 Eastern
Sudan Peace Agreement and calls for all the parties to respect their commitments to
these agreements without delay;
4. Welcomes the parties sustained commitment to work together in the
Government of National Unity (GNU) and urges the cooperation of the National
Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement (SPLM) in
carrying out their responsibilities to further implement the CPA;
5. Stresses the critical role of the AEC in overseeing and reporting on
implementation of the CPA and calls for strengthening of the Commission’s
autonomy and urges all parties to cooperate fully with the AEC and to implement its
6. Calls for all parties to cooperate with full unrestricted UNMIS
monitoring and verification in the Abyei region, without prejudice to the final
agreement on the actual borders between the two sides, and urges UNMIS to consult
with the parties, and to deploy, as appropriate, personnel to the Abyei region,
including areas of Kordofan;
7. Calls upon the parties to address and find a mutually agreeable solution
to the Abyei issue; and further urges all parties to redeploy their forces away from
the disputed 1 January 1956 border and fully establish an interim administration in
Abyei in accordance with the CPA;
8. Requests UNMIS, acting within its current mandate and within its current
means and capabilities, to provide technical and logistical support, as requested, to
help the parties in the process of demarcation of the 1956 North/South border, in
accordance with the CPA;
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9. Stresses the important role of the Joint Integrated Units (JIUs) for the full
implementation of the CPA; and urges donors to offer support, both materiel and
training, coordinated by UNMIS in consultation with the Joint Defense Board, to
enable the full establishment and operational effectiveness of JIUs as soon as
10. Welcomes the adoption of the National Strategic Plan for Disarmament,
Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR), encourages the parties to agree swiftly on
a date to launch its implementation, takes note of the Secretary-General’s proposed
benchmarks in this regard and urges UNMIS consistent with its mandate, to assist in
voluntary disarmament and weapons collection and destruction efforts in
implementation of plans under the CPA for DDR;
11. Requests UNMIS, consistent with its mandate and in coordination with
the relevant parties and taking into account the need to pay particular attention to
the protection, release and reintegration of all children associated to armed forces
and armed groups, to increase its support for the National DDR Coordination
Council and the Northern and Southern DDR Commissions;
12. Further urges donors to respond to calls for assistance from the joint
United Nations DDR Unit;
13. Encourages UNMIS, consistent with its mandate, and within authorized
levels of civilian police to continue efforts to assist the parties to the CPA in
promoting the rule of law and in restructuring the police and corrections services in
Sudan, including in South Sudan, and to assist in the training of civilian police and
corrections officers;
14. Urges the GNU to complete the conduct of an inclusive, national census
and to prepare expeditiously for the conduct of free and fair elections in all of the
15. Urges UNMIS, consistent with its mandate, to begin immediate
preparations to support the conduct of national elections, including support for the
development of a national strategy for the conduct of elections with close
collaboration with UNDP and the parties to the CPA, and urges further the
international community to provide technical and material assistance for electoral
16. Encourages UNMIS, consistent with its mandate, to assist the parties to
the CPA in addressing the need for a national inclusive approach towards
reconciliation and peacebuilding, emphasizing in particular the role of women in the
prevention and resolution of conflicts and in peacebuilding, as recognized in
resolution 1325, and of civil society, and to take this need into account in
implementing all aspects of its mandate;
17. Calls upon the parties to the CPA and the communiqué, signed between
the United Nations and the GNU in Khartoum on 28 March 2007 to support, protect,
and facilitate all humanitarian operations and personnel in the Sudan;
18. Welcomes the continuing organized returns of internally displaced
persons from Khartoum to Southern Kordofan and Southern Sudan and that of
refugees from countries of asylum to Southern Sudan and encourages the promotion
of efforts, including the provision of necessary resources to the Office of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and implementing partners, to ensure that
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such returns are voluntary and sustainable, and further requests UNMIS, within its
capabilities and areas of deployment, to coordinate with partners to facilitate
sustainable returns, including by helping to establish the necessary security
19. Expresses concern at the persistence of localized conflict and violence,
especially in the border area, mostly affecting civilians and with the potential for
escalation; urges in this regard full cooperation of the NCP and the SPLM in
carrying out the obligations of the GNU for the protection of civilians in armed
conflict, in accordance with resolution 1674; and supports UNMIS’s intent to
strengthen its conflict management capacity by developing and executing an
integrated strategy to support local conflict resolution mechanisms, in order to
maximize protection of civilians;
20. Notes that conflict in one area of Sudan affects conflict in other areas in
Sudan and in the region, and therefore urges UNMIS to coordinate closely with
UNAMID, the AU-UN Joint Mediation Support Team and other stakeholders, to
ensure complementary implementation of these bodies’ mandates in support of the
implementation of the CPA and of the overall objective of peace in Sudan;
21. Further requests UNMIS to coordinate with humanitarian, recovery and
development agencies, within its capabilities and areas of deployment, to facilitate
the provision of recovery and development assistance, which is essential to deliver a
peace dividend to the people of Sudan;
22. Calls upon the GNU to cooperate fully with all the United Nations
operations within its territory in the implementation of their mandates;
23. Requests the Secretary-General to submit for the Council’s consideration
a report on possible measures UNMIS could take to assist, with the implementation
of a future Final Peace Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the
24. Reiterates its concern over the restrictions and all impediments placed on
the movements of UNMIS personnel and materiel in Sudan, and the adverse impact
such restrictions and impediments have on UNMIS’s ability to perform its mandate
effectively and on the ability of the humanitarian community to reach affected
persons; and calls in this regard for all parties to cooperate fully with UNMIS and to
facilitate the performance of its mandate, and to abide by their obligations under
international humanitarian law;
25. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take the necessary
measures to ensure full compliance in UNMIS with the United Nations zerotolerance
policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to keep the Council informed,
and urges troop-contributing countries to take appropriate preventive action
including predeployment awareness training, and other action to ensure full
accountability in cases of such conduct involving their personnel;
26. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan
Related with resolutions
1325 1502 1612 1663 1674
Quoted in resolutions
Security Council Composition