Search engine for the United Nations Security Council Resolutions


Resolution 1857

The situation concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Abstract

S/RES/1857 (2008)
Security Council Distr.: General
22 December 2008
08-66643 (E)
*0866643*
Resolution 1857 (2008)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6056th meeting, on
22 December 2008
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions, in particular resolution 1804 (2008) and
1807 (2008), and the statements of its President concerning the Democratic
Republic of the Congo,
Reaffirming its commitment to the sovereignty, territorial integrity and
political independence of the Democratic Republic of the Congo as well as all States
in the region,
Reiterating its serious concern regarding the presence of armed groups and
militias in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, particularly in
the provinces of North and South Kivu and the Ituri district, which perpetuate a
climate of insecurity in the whole region, and demanding that all the parties to the
Goma and Nairobi processes to respect the ceasefire and implement their
commitments effectively and in good faith,
Stressing the primary responsibility of the Government of the Democratic
Republic of the Congo for ensuring security in its territory and protecting its
civilians with respect for the rule of law, human rights and international
humanitarian law,
Taking note of the interim and final reports (S/2008/772 and S/2008/773) of
the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (“the Group of
Experts”) established pursuant to resolution 1771 (2007) and extended pursuant to
resolution 1807 (2008) and of their recommendations,
Condemning the continuing illicit flow of weapons within and into the
Democratic Republic of the Congo and declaring its determination to continue to
monitor closely the implementation of the arms embargo and other measures set out
by its resolutions concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Stressing the obligation of all States to abide by the notification requirements
set out in paragraph 5 of resolution 1807 (2008),
Reiterating the importance of the Government of the Democratic Republic of
the Congo and the Governments of the region taking effective steps to ensure that
there is no support, in and from their territories, for the armed groups in the eastern
part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo,
S/RES/1857 (2008)
2 08-66643
Supporting the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s decision to work towards
enhancing revenue transparency in its extractive industries,
Recognizing the linkage between the illegal exploitation of natural resources,
illicit trade in such resources and the proliferation and trafficking of arms as one of
the major factors fuelling and exacerbating conflicts in the Great Lakes region of
Africa,
Recalling its resolutions 1325 (2000) and 1820 (2008) on women, peace and
security, its resolution 1502 (2003) on the protection of United Nations personnel,
associated personnel and humanitarian personnel in conflict zones, its resolution
1612 (2005) on children in armed conflict and its resolution 1674 (2006) on the
protection of civilians in armed conflicts,
Determining that the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Decides to renew until 30 November 2009 the measures on arms imposed
by paragraph 1 of resolution 1807 (2008) and reaffirms the provisions of paragraphs
2, 3 and 5 of that resolution;
2. Decides to renew, for the period specified in paragraph 1 above, the
measures on transport imposed by paragraphs 6, and 8 of resolution 1807 and
reaffirms the provisions of paragraph 7 of that resolution;
3. Decides to renew, for the period specified in paragraph 1 above, the
financial and travel measures imposed by paragraphs 9 and 11 of resolution
1807 (2008) and reaffirms the provisions of paragraphs 10 and 12 of that resolution;
4. Decides that the measures referred to in paragraph 3 above shall apply to
the following individuals and, as appropriate, entities, as designated by the
Committee:
(a) Persons or entities acting in violation of the measures taken by Member
States in accordance with paragraph 1 above;
(b) Political and military leaders of foreign armed groups operating in the
Democratic Republic of the Congo who impede the disarmament and the voluntary
repatriation or resettlement of combatants belonging to those groups;
(c) Political and military leaders of Congolese militias receiving support
from outside the Democratic Republic of the Congo, who impede the participation
of their combatants in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration processes;
(d) Political and military leaders operating in the Democratic Republic of the
Congo and recruiting or using children in armed conflicts in violation of applicable
international law;
(e) Individuals operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and
committing serious violations of international law involving the targeting of
children or women in situations of armed conflict, including killing and maiming,
sexual violence, abduction and forced displacement;
(f) Individuals obstructing the access to or the distribution of humanitarian
assistance in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo;
S/RES/1857 (2008)
08-66643 3
(g) Individuals or entities supporting the illegal armed groups in the eastern
part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo through illicit trade of natural
resources;
5. Decides, for a further period ending on the date referred to in paragraph
1 above, that the measures in paragraph 3 above shall continue to apply to
individuals and entities already designated pursuant to paragraphs 9 and 11 of
resolution 1807 (2008), paragraphs 13 and 15 of resolution 1596 (2005), paragraph
2 of resolution 1649 (2005), and paragraph 13 of resolution 1698 (2006), unless the
Committee decides otherwise;
6. Decides further to expand the mandate of the Committee as set out in
paragraph 8 of resolution 1533 (2004) and expanded upon in paragraph 18 of
resolution 1596 (2005), paragraph 4 of resolution 1649 (2005) and paragraph 14 of
resolution 1698 (2006) and reaffirmed in paragraph 15 of resolution 1807 (2008) to
include the following tasks:
(a) to review regularly the list of individuals and entities designated by the
Committee pursuant to paragraphs 4 and 5 above with a view to keeping the list as
updated and accurate as possible and to confirm that listing remains appropriate and
to encourage Member States to provide any additional information whenever such
information becomes available;
(b) to promulgate guidelines in order to facilitate the implementation of the
measures imposed by this resolution and keep them under active review as may be
necessary;
7. Calls upon all States, in particular those of the region, to support the
implementation of the measures specified in this resolution, to cooperate fully with
the Committee in carrying out its mandate and to report to the Committee, within
forty-five days from the date of adoption of this resolution, on the actions they have
taken to implement the measures imposed by paragraphs 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 above and
encourages all States to send representatives, at the Committee’s request, to meet
the Committee for more in-depth discussion of relevant issues;
8. Requests the Secretary-General to extend, for a period expiring on
30 November 2009, the Group of Experts established pursuant to resolution 1771
(2007) and requests the Group of Experts to fulfil its mandate as set out in
paragraph 18 of resolution 1807 (2008) and to report to the Council in writing,
through the Committee, by 15 May 2009 and again before 15 October 2009;
9. Decides that the mandate of the Group of Experts referred to in
paragraphs 8 above shall also include the tasks outlined below:
(a) to include in its reports to the Committee any information relevant to the
Committee’s designation of the individuals and entities described in paragraph 4 and
5 above;
(b) to assist the Committee in updating the publicly available reasons for
listing and identifying information for individuals and entities referenced in
paragraph 5 above and in compiling narrative summaries referred to in paragraph
18 below;
10. Requests the Group of Experts to continue to focus its activities in North
and South Kivu and in Ituri;
S/RES/1857 (2008)
4 08-66643
11. Requests the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo,
other governments in the region as appropriate, the United Nations Organization
Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) and the Group of
Experts, to cooperate intensively, including by exchanging information regarding
arms shipments, the illegal trafficking in natural resources and activities of
individuals and entities designated by the Committee pursuant to paragraphs 4 and
5 above;
12. Requests in particular that MONUC share information with the Group of
Experts, especially on the support received by armed groups, on recruitment and use
of children and on the targeting of women and children in situations of armed
conflicts;
13. Further demands that all parties and all States ensure cooperation with
the Group of Experts by individuals and entities within their jurisdiction or under
their control;
14. Reiterates its demand, expressed in paragraph 21 of resolution 1807, that
all parties and all States, particularly those in the region, cooperate fully with the
work of the Group of Experts, and that they ensure:
– the safety of its members;
– unhindered and immediate access, in particular to persons, documents and
sites the Group of Experts deems relevant to the execution of its mandate;
15. Encourages Member States to take measures, as they deem appropriate,
to ensure that importers, processing industries and consumers of Congolese mineral
products under their jurisdiction exercise due diligence on their suppliers and on the
origin of the minerals they purchase;
16. Encourages Member States to submit to the Committee for inclusion on
its list of designees, names of individuals or entities who meet the criteria set out in
paragraph 4 above, as well as any entities owned or controlled, directly or indirectly,
by the submitted individuals or entities acting on behalf of or at the direction of the
submitted entities;
17. Decides that, when proposing names to the Committee for listing,
Member States shall provide a detailed statement of case, together with sufficient
identifying information to allow for the positive identification of individuals and
entities by Member States, and decides further that for each such proposal Member
States shall identify those parts of the statement of case that may be publicly
released, including for use by the Committee for development of the summary
described in paragraph 18 below or for the purpose of notifying or informing the
listed individual or entity, and those parts which may be released upon request to
interested States;
18. Directs the Committee in coordination with the relevant designating
States and with the assistance of the Group of Experts referred to in paragraph
8 above after a name is added to the list, to make accessible on the Committee’s
website a narrative summary of reasons for listing and further directs the
Committee, with the assistance of the Group of Experts and in coordination with the
relevant designating States, to update the publicly available reasons for listing and
identifying information for the individuals and entities referred to in paragraph 5;
S/RES/1857 (2008)
08-66643 5
19. Decides that the Secretariat shall, after publication but within one week
after a name is added to the list of individuals and entities, notify the Permanent
Mission of the country or countries where the individual or entity is believed to be
located and, in the case of individuals, the country of which the person is a national
(to the extent this information is known) and to include with this notification a copy
of the publicly releasable portion of the statement of case, any information on
reasons for listing available on the Committee’s website, a description of the effects
of designation, the Committee’s procedures for considering delisting requests, and
the provisions regarding available exemptions;
20. Demands that Member States receiving notification as in paragraph
19 above take, in accordance with their domestic laws and practices, all possible
measures to notify or inform in a timely manner the listed individual or entity of the
designation, together with the information provided by the Secretariat as set out in
paragraph 19 above;
21. Welcomes the establishment within the Secretariat of the Focal Point,
pursuant to resolution 1730 (2006), that provides listed individuals, groups,
undertakings or entities with the option to submit a petition for de-listing directly to
the Focal Point;
22. Urges designating States and States of citizenship and residence to
review de-listing petitions received through the Focal Point, in accordance with the
procedures outlined in the annex to resolution 1730 (2006), in a timely manner and
to indicate whether they support or oppose the request in order to facilitate the
Committee’s review;
23. Directs the Committee to consider requests, in accordance with its
guidelines, for the removal from the Committee’s list of designees those who no
longer meet the criteria pursuant to this resolution;
24. Decides that the Secretariat shall, within one week after a name is
removed from the Committee’s list of designees, notify the Permanent Mission of
the country or countries where the individual or entity is believed to be located and,
in the case of individuals, the country of which the person is a national (to the extent
this information is known), and demands that States receiving such notification take
measures, in accordance with their domestic laws and practices, to notify or inform
the concerned individual or entity of the delisting in a timely manner;
25. Encourages the Committee to ensure that fair and clear procedures exist
for placing individuals and entities on the Committee’s list of designees and for
removing them as well as for granting humanitarian exemptions;
26. Decides that, when appropriate and no later than 30 November 2009, it
shall review the measures set forth in this resolution, with a view to adjusting them,
as appropriate, in the light of consolidation of the security situation in the
Democratic Republic of the Congo, in particular progress in security sector reform
including the integration of the armed forces and the reform of the national police,
and in disarming, demobilizing, repatriating, resettling and reintegrating, as
appropriate, Congolese and foreign armed groups;
27. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Topics
Congo, DR
Year
2008
Title
The situation concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Related with resolutions
1325 1502 1533 1596 1612 1649 1674 1698 1730 1771 1804 1807 1820
Quoted in resolutions
1896 1952 2021 2076 2078 2136 2198 2293 2360 2424
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA BEL BFA CRI HRV IDN ITA LBY PAN VNM ZAF