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Resolution 1873

The situation in Cyprus


S/RES/1873 (2009)
Security Council Distr.: General
29 May 2009
09-35435 (E)
Resolution 1873 (2009)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6132nd meeting, on
29 May 2009
The Security Council,
Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General of 15 May 2009 (S/2009/248)
on the United Nations operation in Cyprus,
Noting that the Government of Cyprus is agreed that in view of the prevailing
conditions on the island it is necessary to keep the United Nations Peacekeeping
force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) beyond 15 June 2009,
Echoing the Secretary-General’s firm belief that the responsibility for finding
a solution lies first and foremost with the Cypriots themselves, stressing that there
now exists a rare opportunity to make decisive progress, and reaffirming the primary
role of the United Nations in assisting the parties to bring the Cyprus conflict and
division of the island to a comprehensive and durable settlement,
Commending the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders for the political
leadership they have shown, and warmly welcoming the progress made so far in the
fully fledged negotiations, and the leaders’ joint statements,
Strongly urging the leaders to increase the momentum in the negotiations to
ensure the full exploitation of this opportunity to reach a comprehensive settlement
based on a bicommunal, bizonal federation with political equality, as set out in the
relevant Security Council resolutions,
Emphasizing the importance attached by the international community of all
parties engaging fully, flexibly and constructively in the negotiations, and looking
forward to decisive progress in those negotiations in the near future,
Welcoming the intention of the Secretary-General to keep the Council
informed of further development and progress,
Welcoming also the implementation of some of the confidence-building
measures announced by the leaders, and calling for a renewed effort to implement
the remaining measures and for agreement on and implementation of further steps to
build trust between the communities,
Reaffirming the importance of continued crossings of the Green Line by
Cypriots, encouraging the opening by mutual agreement of other crossing points,
S/RES/1873 (2009)
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noting the commitment in the leaders’ joint statements to pursue the opening of the
Limnitis/Yesilirmak crossing point, encouraging implementation of the commitment
to a second phase of the restoration of the Ledra Street crossing, and urging in this
context the leaders to make every effort to implement those measures,
Convinced of the many important benefits for all Cypriots that would flow
from a comprehensive and durable Cyprus settlement, and encouraging both sides
clearly to explain these benefits, as well as the need for increased flexibility and
compromise in order to secure them, to both communities well in advance of any
eventual referenda,
Highlighting the supportive role the international community will continue to
play in helping the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders to exploit fully the
current opportunity,
Taking note of the assessment of the Secretary-General that the security
situation on the island and along the Green Line remains stable, welcoming the
decrease in the overall number of incidents involving the two sides and urging all
sides to avoid any action, including restrictions on UNFICYP’s movements as noted
in the Secretary-General’s report (S/2009/248), which could lead to an increase in
tension, undermine the good progress achieved so far, or damage the goodwill on
the island,
Recalling the Secretary-General’s firm belief that the situation in the buffer
zone would be improved if both sides accepted the 1989 aide-memoire used by the
United Nations,
Welcoming the progress made in proceeding with demining activities, and
looking forward to the clearance of the remaining minefields,
Welcoming the progress and continuation of the important activities of the
Committee on Missing Persons, echoing the Secretary-General’s call for every
possible action to be taken to speed up the exhumation process, and trusting that this
process will promote reconciliation between the communities,
Agreeing that active participation of civil society groups is essential to the
political process and can contribute to making any future settlement sustainable,
welcoming all efforts to promote bicommunal contacts and events including, inter
alia, on the part of all United Nations bodies on the island, and urging the two sides
to promote the active engagement of civil society and the encouragement of
cooperation between economic and commercial bodies and to remove all obstacles
to such contacts,
Stressing the need for the Council to pursue a rigorous, strategic approach to
peacekeeping deployments,
Welcoming the intention of the Secretary-General to keep all peacekeeping
operations, including those of UNFICYP, under close review and noting the
importance of contingency planning in relation to the settlement, including
recommendations as appropriate for further adjustments to UNFICYP’s mandate,
force levels and concept of operations, taking into account developments on the
ground and the views of the parties,
S/RES/1873 (2009)
09-35435 3
Welcoming the continued efforts of Alexander Downer as the Secretary-
General’s Special Adviser with a mandate to assist the parties in the conduct of fully
fledged negotiations aimed at reaching a comprehensive settlement,
Echoing also the Secretary-General’s gratitude to the Government of Cyprus
and the Government of Greece for their voluntary contributions to the funding of
UNFICYP, and his request for further voluntary contributions from other countries
and organizations,
Welcoming and encouraging efforts by the United Nations to sensitize
peacekeeping personnel in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and other
communicable diseases in all its peacekeeping operations,
1. Welcomes the analysis of developments on the ground over the last six
months in the Secretary-General’s report, in accordance with his mandate;
2. Welcomes also the progress made so far in the fully fledged negotiations,
and the prospect of further progress in the near future towards a comprehensive and
durable settlement that this has created;
3. Urges full exploitation of this opportunity, including by intensifying the
momentum of negotiations, improving the current atmosphere of trust and goodwill,
and engaging in the process in a constructive and open manner;
4. Urges also the implementation of confidence-building measures, and
looks forward to agreement on and implementation of further such steps, including
the opening of other crossing points;
5. Reaffirms all its relevant resolutions on Cyprus, in particular resolution
1251 (1999) of 29 June 1999 and subsequent resolutions;
6. Expresses its full support for UNFICYP and decides to extend its
mandate for a further period ending 15 December 2009;
7. Calls on both sides to continue to engage, as a matter of urgency and
while respecting UNFICYP’s mandate, in consultations with UNFICYP on the
demarcation of the buffer zone, and on the United Nations 1989 aide-memoire, with
a view to reaching early agreement on outstanding issues;
8. Calls on the Turkish Cypriot side and Turkish forces to restore in
Strovilia the military status quo which existed there prior to 30 June 2000;
9. Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on implementation of
this resolution, including on contingency planning in relation to the settlement, by
1 December 2009 and to keep the Security Council updated on events as necessary;
10. Welcomes the efforts being undertaken by UNFICYP to implement the
Secretary-General’s zero tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to
ensure full compliance of its personnel with the United Nations code of conduct,
requests the Secretary-General to continue to take all necessary action in this regard
and to keep the Security Council informed, and urges troop-contributing countries to
take appropriate preventive action including the conduct of predeployment
awareness training, and to take disciplinary action and other action to ensure full
accountability in cases of such conduct involving their personnel;
11. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

The situation in Cyprus
Related with resolutions
Security Council Composition