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Resolution 1911

The situation in Côte d’Ivoire


S/RES/1911 (2010)
Security Council Distr.: General
28 January 2010
10-22265 (E)
Resolution 1911 (2010)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6267th meeting, on
28 January 2010
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions, in particular resolutions 1880 and 1893
(2009), and the statements of its President relating to the situation in Côte d’Ivoire,
and resolution 1885 (2009) on the situation in Liberia,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and unity of Côte d’Ivoire, and recalling the importance of the principles of
good-neighbourliness, non-interference and regional cooperation,
Recalling that it endorsed the Agreement signed by President Laurent Gbagbo
and Mr. Guillaume Soro in Ouagadougou on 4 March 2007 (“the Ouagadougou
Political Agreement”, S/2007/144), and that it welcomed the four subsequent
Supplementary Agreements,
Recalling again in particular that in its resolution 1721 (2006) it notably
endorsed the decision of the African Union Peace and Security Council on the
mandate of the Head of State, and recalling further that in the statement of its
President dated 28 March 2007 (S/PRST/2007/8) it endorsed the Ouagadougou
Political Agreement, including its Chapter V on the institutional executive
framework, and that this Agreement provided for a period of ten months for the
holding of the presidential elections,
Expressing again its appreciation to President Blaise Compaoré of Burkina
Faso (“the Facilitator”) for his continued efforts to support the peace process in Côte
d’Ivoire, in particular through the Ouagadougou Political Agreement follow-up
mechanisms, commending and encouraging the continued efforts of the African
Union and the Economic Community of West African States (“ECOWAS”) to
promote peace and stability in Côte d’Ivoire, and reiterating its full support for
Stressing the need for the Council to pursue a rigorous, strategic approach to
peacekeeping deployments,
Reiterating its strong condemnation of any attempt to destabilize the peace
process by force, and expressing its intention to examine without delay the situation
after any such attempt, on the basis of a report by the Secretary-General,
S/RES/1911 (2010)
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Having taken note of the letters of the Secretary-General dated 29 December
2009 (S/2009/694) and 15 January 2010 (S/2010/42) and of the proposal of the
Presidents of Cote d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso to deploy some troops from Burkina
Faso as part of UNOCI for three months,
Having taken note further of the Secretary-General report dated 7 January
2010 (S/2010/15),
Noting again with concern, in spite of the sustained improvement of the
overall human rights situation, the persistence of reported human rights and
humanitarian law violations against civilians in different parts of the country,
including numerous acts of sexual violence, stressing that the perpetrators must be
brought to justice, reiterating its firm condemnation of all violations of human
rights and international humanitarian law in Côte d’Ivoire, and recalling its
resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009) and 1889 (2009) on women,
peace and security, its resolutions 1612 (2005) and 1882 (2009) on children and
armed conflict and its resolutions 1674 (2006) and 1894 (2009) on the protection of
civilians in armed conflicts,
Determining that the situation in Côte d’Ivoire continues to pose a threat to
international peace and security in the region,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
(“Supporting the Ouagadougou political process and a credible electoral
1. Recalls that in the statement of its President dated 8 December 2009
(S/PRST/2009/33) it took note of the postponement of the first round of the
presidential election to the end of February or the beginning of March 2010;
2. Welcomes the progress made towards the establishment of the final voters
list, including the publication of the provisional voters list certified by the Special
Representative of the Secretary-General;
3. Reiterates its determination to bring its full support to a credible
electoral process in Côte d’Ivoire, and reiterates further that the publication of a
final voters list certified by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General is
crucial for the holding of open, free, fair and transparent elections;
4. Urges the relevant Ivorian stakeholders to ensure the publication of the
final voters list, to announce the official date of the first round of the presidential
election and to meet their commitments in full;
5. Reiterates further that the Special Representative of the Secretary-
General shall certify that all stages of the electoral process provide all the necessary
guarantees for the holding of open, free, fair and transparent presidential and
legislative elections in accordance with international standards and reaffirms its full
support to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in his certification
6. Stresses that it will base its assessment of the electoral process on the
certification that will be prepared by the Special Representative consistent with the
five-criteria framework referred to in document S/2008/250 and after inclusive
contacts with all stakeholders in Côte d’Ivoire, including civil society;
S/RES/1911 (2010)
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7. Stresses the importance of an inclusive participation of the Ivorian civil
society in the electoral process, and of ensuring the equal protection of and respect
for human rights of every Ivorian as they relate to the electoral system, and in
particular respect for freedom of opinion and expression, and removing obstacles
and challenges to women’s participation and full involvement in public life;
8. Urges again the political parties to comply fully with the Code of Good
Conduct for elections which they signed under the auspices of the Secretary-
General, and in particular urges the Ivorian authorities to allow equitable access to
public media;
9. Expresses its concerns at the delays encountered in the deployment of the
mixed units of the Integrated Command Centre responsible to secure the elections
and urges the Ivorian parties to enhance their efforts in this regard;
10. Urges the Government of Côte d’Ivoire to provide the operators involved
in the electoral process with the necessary support, and encourages the international
community to continue their support to the electoral process, including, with the
agreement of the Ivorian authorities, by providing electoral observation capacity and
related technical assistance;
11. Recalls that it is fully prepared to impose targeted measures pursuant to
paragraph 20 of resolution 1893 (2009), including among other things against
persons who are determined to be a threat to the peace and national reconciliation
process in Côte d’Ivoire, and recalls further that, pursuant to paragraph 6 of the
above mentioned resolution, any threat to the electoral process in Côte d’Ivoire, in
particular any attack on or obstruction of the action of the Independent Electoral
Commission in charge of the organization of the elections or the actions of the
operators mentioned in paragraphs 1.3.3 and 2.1.1 of the Ouagadougou Political
Agreement, shall constitute a threat to the peace and national reconciliation process
for the purposes of paragraph 9 and 11 of resolution 1572 (2004);
12. Urges the Ivorian parties to make further concrete progress, before and
after the elections, to advance the reunification and disarmament processes;
13. Reaffirms paragraphs 14 to 17 of its resolution 1880 (2009), calls upon
all Ivorian parties, with the continued support of UNOCI, to ensure the protection of
civilian, including women and children, to fully implement the recommendations by
its working group on Children and Armed Conflict in Côte d’Ivoire
(S/AC.51/2008/5), including to adopt a national action plan to address sexual
violence, and to ensure that rule of law is strengthened and that all reported abuses
are investigated and those responsible brought to justice, and calls in particular
upon all parties to take appropriate measures to refrain from, prevent and protect
civilians from all forms of sexual violence;
(“Renewing the mandate the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire”)
14. Decides to renew the mandate of UNOCI, as determined in resolution
1739 (2007), until 31 May 2010, in particular to support the organization in Côte
d’Ivoire of free, fair open and transparent elections;
15. Requests UNOCI, within its existing resources and mandate, to continue
to bring its full support to the parties in the implementation of the remaining tasks
under the Ouagadougou Political Agreement and its Supplementary Agreements, in
particular those that are essential to the holding of a open, free, fair and transparent
S/RES/1911 (2010)
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presidential election, to provide technical and logistical support to the Independent
Electoral Commission for the preparation and the holding of the elections in a
secure environment, to continue to support the disarmament, demobilization and
reintegration programme and the disarmament and dismantling of militias and to
continue to contribute to the promotion and protection of human rights, including
the protection of women and children, pursuant to paragraph 26 of its resolution
1880 (2009);
16. Expresses its intention in principle to raise for a limited period of time
the current level of 7450 authorized military personnel as will be needed and up to
no more than 7950 personnel, when the final voters list will be made public, and
requests to this end the Secretary-General to keep it informed of his technical
17. Stresses in this regard that it will hold the Ivorian parties fully
accountable for the respect of the electoral timeline;
18. Requests UNOCI to continue to assist the Facilitator and his Special
Representative in Abidjan in the conduct of the facilitation, including by helping the
Facilitator, as appropriate and upon his request, to carry out his arbitration role
according to the provisions of paragraph 8.1 of the Ouagadougou Political
Agreement and paragraphs 8 and 9 of the third Supplementary Agreement;
19. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take the necessary
measures to ensure full compliance in UNOCI with the United Nations zerotolerance
policy on sexual exploitation and abuses and to keep the Council
informed, and urges troop-contributing countries to take appropriate preventive
action including pre-deployment awareness training, and other action to ensure full
accountability in cases of such conduct involving their personnel;
20. Decides to extend until 31 May 2010 the authorization it provided to the
French forces in order to support UNOCI, within the limits of their deployment and
their capabilities;
21. Expresses its intention to review in full by 31 May 2010, with a view to
possible significant modifications, the mandate of UNOCI, the authorization
provided to the French forces which support it, the level of troops of UNOCI and
the benchmarks referred to in annex 1 of the report of the Secretary-General dated
7 January 2010, in light of the elections and the implementation of the key steps of
the peace process;
22. Requests the Secretary-General to provide to it an update by mid-March
2010 and a full report by the end of April 2010, including detailed recommendations
and options for the future of UNOCI as well as revised benchmarks based on the
results of a technical assessment mission;
23. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia
The situation in Côte d’Ivoire
Related with resolutions
1325 1572 1612 1674 1721 1739 1820 1880 1882 1885 1888 1889 1893 1894
Quoted in resolutions
1924 1933 1946 1962 1975 1980 2045 2101 2153 2219
Security Council Composition