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Resolution 1912

The situation in Timor-Leste


S/RES/1912 (2010)
Security Council Distr.: General
26 February 2010
10-25313 (E)
Resolution 1912 (2010)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6278th meeting, on
26 February 2010
The Security Council,
Reaffirming all its previous resolutions and statements on the situation in
Timor-Leste, in particular its resolutions 1599 (2005), 1677 (2006), 1690 (2006),
1703 (2006), 1704 (2006), 1745 (2007), 1802 (2008) and 1867 (2009),
Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General of 12 February 2010 (S/2010/85),
including the overview of the findings and recommendations of the Technical
Assessment Mission, and its broad consultations with the Timorese authorities and
other relevant stakeholders,
Reaffirming its full commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and national unity of Timor-Leste and the promotion of long-term stability
in the country,
Taking note of general stability through further improvements in the political
and security situation, and reiterating its call on the leadership and other
stakeholders in Timor-Leste to continue to pursue peaceful dialogue and to avoid
violent means to resolve differences,
Welcoming the successful completion of the village (suco) elections in October
2009 as an indication of the progress made in the democratic political process in
Welcoming also the efforts of the political leadership of Timor-Leste to create
opportunities for all political parties to make contributions to issues of national
Reaffirming the need for respect for the independence of the judiciary,
stressing the need to act against impunity, in this regard acknowledging the serious
resource constraints of the judicial system, encouraging the leadership of Timor-
Leste to continue its efforts to establish accountability for serious criminal offences
including those committed during the 2006 crisis as recommended by the
Independent Special Commission of Inquiry, and welcoming the adoption of a
resolution by the Parliament of Timor-Leste on 14 December 2009,
Expressing its full support to the establishment of the Anti-Corruption
Commission, an independent organ that reports to the National Parliament,
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welcoming the appointment of its first commissioner, and encouraging Timor-Leste
to take further steps to continue to increase the transparency, accountability and
efficiency of the public administration,
Welcoming the resumption of primary policing responsibilities by the Polícia
Nacional de Timor-Leste (PNTL) to date, and recalling its previous statements on
the need to implement fully the “Arrangement on the Restoration and Maintenance
of Public Security in Timor-Leste and Assistance to the Reform, Restructuring and
Rebuilding of PNTL and the Ministry of Interior”, concluded between the
Government of Timor-Leste and UNMIT on 1 December 2006,
Noting the statement made by President José Ramos-Horta on 9 December
2009 on the views of the Timorese authorities regarding the future role of UNMIT
police during the 2010-2012 period,
Expressing its full support for the role of the international security forces in
assisting the Government of Timor-Leste and UNMIT, in the maintenance of law
and stability, in response to the requests of the Government of Timor-Leste,
Expressing deep concern with the high rates of unemployment and poverty
among the Timorese population, as indicated in the report of the Secretary-General,
welcoming in this regard the actions already taken by the Government of Timor-
Leste to address these issues, in particular the efforts to finalize the National
Strategic Development Plan, and underlining the importance of continued support
by the international community for the socio-economic development of Timor-Leste,
Recalling that while the manifestations of the current challenges in Timor-
Leste are political and institutional in nature, poverty and its associated deprivations
also contribute to these challenges, paying tribute to Timor-Leste’s bilateral and
multilateral partners for their invaluable assistance, particularly with regard to
human resource development, institutional capacity-building and social and
economic development, and recognizing the progress being made in the
development of many aspects of governance in Timor-Leste,
Welcoming the closing of all the internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps,
while recognizing the remaining challenges with regards to the full reintegration of
IDPs, in assuring the sustainability of the return and the reintegration into Timorese
Reaffirming its resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009) and 1889
(2009) on women, peace and security, 1674 (2006) and 1894 (2009) on protection of
civilians and 1502 (2003) on the protection of humanitarian and United Nations
personnel, and welcoming the cooperation of UNMIT with other United Nations
partners to support the Government’s effort to develop a national gender equality
policy and strategy,
Recognizing the important role that UNMIT continues to play in promoting
peace, stability and development in Timor-Leste, and expressing its appreciation for
the efforts of UNMIT and the United Nations Country Team, under the leadership of
the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG),
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNMIT until 26 February 2011 at the
current authorized levels;
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2. Urges all parties in Timor-Leste, in particular political leaders, to
continue to work together and engage in political dialogue and to consolidate peace,
democracy, rule of law, sustainable social and economic development, advancement
of protection of human rights and national reconciliation in the country, and
reaffirms its full support for the continued efforts of the SRSG aimed at addressing
critical political and security-related issues facing the country, including enhancing
a culture of democratic governance, through an inclusive and collaborative processes;
3. Requests UNMIT to extend the necessary support, within its current
mandate, for municipal elections, if requested by the Government of Timor-Leste,
and encourages the international community to assist in this process;
4. Reaffirms the continued importance of the review and reform of the
security sector in Timor-Leste, in particular the need to delineate between the roles
and responsibilities of the Falintil-Forças de Defesa de Timor-Leste (F-FDTL) and
the PNTL, to strengthen legal frameworks, and to enhance civilian oversight and
accountability mechanisms of both security institutions, and requests UNMIT to
continue to support the Government of Timor-Leste in these efforts;
5. Supports the ongoing work on the resumption of policing responsibilities
by the PNTL through a phased approach, to ensure that the PNTL meet the criteria
mutually agreed between the Government of Timor-Leste and UNMIT as set out in
paragraph 21 of the report of the Secretary-General of 4 February 2009 (S/2009/72),
and requests the Government of Timor-Leste and UNMIT to continue their
cooperation to implement expeditiously the resumption process in accordance with
the mutually agreed criteria;
6. Endorses the Secretary-General’s intention to reconfigure the UNMIT
police component, including its drawdown, in accordance with the phased
resumption process of policing responsibilities by the PNTL, and requests the
Secretary-General to include in his next report his review of this process;
7. Requests UNMIT to continue to ensure, through the presence of UNMIT
police component and the provision of support to the PNTL, the maintenance of
public security in Timor-Leste, which includes interim law enforcement and public
security until the PNTL is fully reconstituted, and, working with partners, to
intensify its efforts to assist with further training, mentoring, institutional
development and strengthening of the PNTL with a view to enhancing its
effectiveness, including with respect to community policing, and to address the
special needs of women, and recognizes the importance of ensuring that UNMIT
personnel have the appropriate profile and specialized skill sets for these tasks, and
the potential need for civilian experts for the above purpose;
8. Underscores the need for the concept of operations and rules of
engagement to be regularly updated as necessary and to be fully in line with the
provisions of this resolution, and requests the Secretary-General to report on them to
the Security Council and troop and police contributing countries within 90 days
after the adoption of this resolution;
9. Reaffirms the importance of ongoing efforts to achieve accountability and
justice, expresses its support for the work of UNMIT in assisting the Government of
Timor-Leste in this regard within its mandate, and underlines the importance of the
implementation by the Government of Timor-Leste of the recommendations of the
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United Nations Special Commission of Inquiry report of 2006 (S/2006/822),
including paragraphs 225 through 228 of the report;
10. Underlines the importance of a coordinated approach to the justice sector
reform, taking into account the recommendations of the Independent
Comprehensive Needs Assessment and through implementation of the Timorese
Government’s Justice Sector Strategic Plan, and the ongoing need to increase
Timorese ownership and strengthen national capacity in judicial line functions,
including the training and specialization of national lawyers and judges, and
emphasizes the need for sustained support of the international community in
capacity-building and strengthening of institutions in this sector;
11. Requests UNMIT to continue its efforts, adjusting them as necessary to
enhance the effectiveness of the judiciary, in assisting the Government of Timor-
Leste in carrying out the proceedings recommended by the Commission of Inquiry;
12. Calls upon UNMIT to continue to support the Government of Timor-
Leste in its efforts to coordinate donor cooperation in areas of institutional capacitybuilding;
13. Recognizes the importance of Timor-Leste National Recovery Strategy,
especially the attention paid to infrastructure, rural development and human
resources capacity development, and in this regard, calls upon UNMIT to continue
to cooperate and coordinate with the United Nations agencies, funds and
programmes, as well as all relevant partners, to support the Government of Timor-
Leste and relevant institutions in designing poverty reduction, improving education,
promotion of sustainable livelihood and economic growth policies;
14. Encourages the Government of Timor-Leste to strengthen peacebuilding
perspectives in such areas as employment and empowerment, especially focusing on
rural areas and youth, as well as local socio-economic development in particular in
the agricultural sector;
15. Requests UNMIT to fully take into account gender considerations as set
out in Security Council resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009) and 1889
(2009) as a cross-cutting issue throughout its mandate, stressing the importance of
strengthening the responsiveness of the security sector to specific needs of women,
and further requests the Secretary-General to include in his reporting to the Security
Council progress on gender mainstreaming throughout UNMIT and all other aspects
relating to the situation of women and girls, especially on the need to protect them
from gender-based violence, detailing special measures to protect women and girls
from such violence;
16. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take the necessary
measures to ensure full compliance by UNMIT with the United Nations zero
tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to keep the Council informed,
and urges those countries contributing troops and police to take appropriate
preventive action and to ensure full accountability in cases of such conduct
involving their personnel;
17. Further requests the Secretary-General to keep the Security Council
regularly informed of the developments on the ground and on the implementation of
this resolution and to submit to the Security Council, no later than 15 October 2010,
a report which includes elements requested in paragraph 6 of this resolution, and, no
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later than 26 January 2011, a report which includes possible adjustments in
UNMIT’s mandate and strength;
18. Reaffirms the importance of the medium-term strategy and benchmarks
for measuring and tracking progress in Timor-Leste, and assessing the level and
form of United Nations support while keeping the benchmarks under active review,
and underlines the importance of ownership of the strategy by the leaders and
people of Timor-Leste in this process;
19. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

The situation in Timor-Leste
Related with resolutions
1325 1502 1599 1674 1677 1690 1703 1704 1745 1802 1820 1867 1888 1889 1894
Quoted in resolutions
1969 2037
Security Council Composition