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Resolution 1919

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan


S/RES/1919 (2010)
Security Council Distr.: General
29 April 2010
10-33577 (E)
Resolution 1919 (2010)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6304th meeting, on
29 April 2010
The Security Council,
Recalling all its resolutions and presidential statements concerning the
situation in the Sudan,
Reaffirming its previous resolutions 1674 (2006) and 1894 (2009) on the
protection of civilians in armed conflict, which reaffirms, inter alia, the relevant
provisions of the United Nations World Summit outcome document, 1612 (2005)
and 1882 (2009) on children in armed conflict, 1502 (2003) on the protection of
humanitarian and United Nations personnel, and 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888
(2009), and 1889 (2009) on women, peace, and security,
Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations
Mission in the Sudan dated 5 April 2010 (S/2010/168), and recalling the report on
Children and Armed Conflict in Sudan dated 10 February 2009 (S/2009/84),
including his recommendations, and taking note of the report on Children and
Armed Conflict in the Sudan (S/2007/520) dated 29 August 2007, and recalling the
conclusions endorsed by the Security Council Working Group on Children and
Armed Conflict in the Sudan, S/AC.51/2009/5,
Reaffirming its commitment to the sovereignty, unity, independence, and
territorial integrity of the Sudan and to the cause of peace, stability, and security
throughout the region,
Stressing the importance of the full implementation of the Comprehensive
Peace Agreement (CPA) of 9 January 2005, including, in particular, the importance
of pursuing further efforts to make unity attractive and respecting the right to selfdetermination
of the people of South Sudan to be exercised through a referendum to
determine their future status,
Emphasizing the need for the United Nations and the international community
to support consolidation of mutual trust between the two parties,
Taking note of the nationwide elections conducted in April, as elections are a
component of CPA implementation, and commending the people in Sudan who are
working toward democracy,
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Recognizing that regardless of the results of the referendum, both parties to the
CPA will need to continue to discuss critical issues in a peaceful and constructive
manner and that the United Nations, African Union and other regional organizations
can play an important role in supporting and promoting this dialogue,
Commending the work of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) and
the continuing commitment by troop and police contributing countries in support of
the CPA and this mission,
Commending the work of the African Union in Sudan, in particular the African
Union High Level Implementation Panel for Sudan and the role that it has played in
focusing attention on the interrelatedness of conflicts in Sudan and assisting the
Sudanese parties to comprehensively address these issues, along with the
Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and other regional actors,
Commending the continuing work of the Assessment and Evaluation
Commission (AEC),
Condemning all acts and forms of violence perpetrated by any party that
prevent or hinder peace and stability in Sudan and the region, deploring their effects
on the civilian population, in particular on women and children, and calling for
compliance by all parties with their obligations under international humanitarian and
human rights law,
Stressing the ongoing importance of providing humanitarian and development
assistance to the civilian populations throughout Sudan, encouraging comprehensive
preparedness efforts by the United Nations in view of the upcoming referendum
including the need for increased humanitarian and development assistance in the
south for the remainder of the CPA implementation period as well as post-CPA and
the need for continued cooperation among the CPA parties, the United Nations and
humanitarian organizations and urging donors to support implementation of the CPA
and to honour all pledges of financial and material support,
Acknowledging that the CPA has reached a critical stage, and stressing the
need to complete all remaining implementation tasks under the CPA,
Welcoming increased and continuing cooperation among UNMIS and all other
United Nations missions in the region, and stressing the importance of continued
sharing of information among them to help counter regional threats such as the
activities of militias and armed groups, including but not limited to such groups as
the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA),
Determining that the situation in the Sudan continues to constitute a threat to
international peace and security,
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNMIS until 30 April 2011, with the
intention to renew it for further periods as may be required;
2. Requests the Secretary-General to continue reporting to the Council
every three months on UNMIS mandate implementation, CPA implementation
progress, and respect for the ceasefire;
3. Additionally requests the Secretary General to provide in his quarterly
reports information including (1) a detailed plan of measures UNMIS is taking to
support the referenda and popular consultation processes, consistent with paragraph 7
below, including lessons learned from the 2010 elections (2) the status of United
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Nations engagement with the parties to the CPA and the parties’ progress concerning
the critical tasks that will need to be accomplished post-referendum and, as
appropriate, information on (3) UNMIS’ planning in consultation with the parties
concerning the United Nations presence in Sudan post Interim period;
4. Deplores the persistent localized conflict and violence and its effect on
civilians, especially within Southern Sudan, and underscores the importance of
UNMIS making full use of its authority and capabilities, as stated in paragraph 16 of
resolution 1590 (2005), to take necessary action to provide improved security to the
civilian population, humanitarian and development actors, and United Nations
personnel under imminent threat of violence, and stresses that this mandate includes
the protection of refugees, displaced persons, returnees, and other civilians with
regard to the activities of militias and armed groups, including but not limited to
such groups as the LRA, as recognized in resolution 1663 (2006);
5. Reiterates its call on UNMIS to coordinate strategies with other United
Nations missions in the region for information on the protection of civilians in light
of the attacks by the LRA and requests the Secretary General to include in his
UNMIS quarterly reports, information on cooperation between United Nations
missions in dealing with the threats of the LRA;
6. Calls upon UNMIS to implement a mission-wide civilian protection
strategy, comprehensively throughout the mission area, including the
implementation of tribal conflict resolution mechanisms, and urges UNMIS to
enhance its presence in areas at high risk of localized conflict, including by
conducting frequent patrols;
7. Recalls the CPA’s provision for referenda, as well as the parties’
responsibility to pursue efforts to make unity attractive, reaffirms UNMIS’ support
for these activities, requests that UNMIS be prepared to play a lead role in
international efforts to provide assistance, as requested, to support preparations for
the referenda in 2011, including in consultation with those member states able and
willing to provide support, an advisory role related to security arrangements for the
referenda, and urges the international community to provide technical and material
assistance, including referenda observation capacity, as requested by the relevant
Sudanese authorities to support the referenda and popular consultations;
8. Stresses the importance of full, and expeditious implementation of all
elements of the CPA, agreements on Darfur, and the October 2006 Eastern Sudan
Peace Agreement, and calls upon all parties to respect and abide by their
commitments to these agreements without delay;
9. Requests UNMIS, within its current mandate and capabilities, to continue
to assist the parties, as requested, in the implementation of all elements of the CPA,
including creation of, and appointments to, the referenda and popular consultation
commissions, implementation of the decision of the Permanent Court of Arbitration
in The Hague regarding Abyei, north-south border demarcation, and wealth sharing,
security arrangements, and resolution of conflict in Southern Kordofan and Blue
Nile states;
10. Welcomes continuing military capability reviews conducted into UNMIS’
deployment, stresses the importance of appropriate and flexible deployment of
UNMIS in order to deter and prevent violence in areas where civilians are under
threat of violence, and requests regular reviews of UNMIS deployment to ensure
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that the mission is best placed to support the implementation of the CPA and protect
civilians under imminent threat of violence;
11. Welcomes the CPA parties’ sustained commitment to work together and
urges their continued cooperation in carrying out their responsibilities in further
implementing the CPA and calls upon the CPA parties to cooperate fully with all the
United Nations operations in the implementation of their mandates;
12. Reiterates its concern over the restrictions and impediments placed on
UNMIS personnel and materiel, and the adverse impact such restrictions and
impediments have on UNMIS’ ability to perform its mandate effectively and in that
regard calls for all parties to cooperate by providing full and unrestricted access to
UNMIS in monitoring and verification within its area of responsibility with special
emphasis on monitoring of the Abyei region, and urges UNMIS, consistent with its
mandate and within its means and capabilities, to consult with the parties, and to
deploy sufficient personnel to the Abyei region to improve conflict prevention
efforts and security to the civilian population;
13. Expresses its concern for the health and welfare of the civilian
populations in Sudan; calls upon the parties to the CPA and the communiqué signed
between the United Nations and the GNU in Khartoum on 28 March 2007 to support
and protect all humanitarian personnel and facilitate all humanitarian operations in
the Sudan; and urges the Government of Sudan to continue working with the United
Nations to ensure continuity of humanitarian assistance throughout Sudan;
14. Notes that conflict in one area of Sudan affects conflict in other areas of
the country, and therefore urges UNMIS, consistent with its current mandate, to
cooperate closely with all United Nations entities operating in the region, including
the AU-UN Joint Mediation Support Team and other stakeholders, so that
implementation of these bodies’ mandates supports the overall objective of peace in
Sudan and the region;
15. Recognizes the detrimental impact of the proliferation of arms, in
particular small arms, on the security of civilians by fuelling armed conflict,
encourages UNMIS to continue its efforts in providing assistance to the
Government of South Sudan with regard to the civilian disarmament process, in
particular by strengthening the capacity of local authorities to deter inter-communal
conflicts and by monitoring forced civilian disarmament initiatives in an effort to
avert disarmament operations that could exacerbate insecurity in Southern Sudan;
16. Requests UNMIS, acting within its current mandate and within its current
means and capabilities, to continue to provide technical and logistical support to the
Technical ad hoc Border Committee, as requested, to help the parties urgently
conclude the process of demarcation of the 1956 North/South border, in accordance
with the CPA;
17. Encourages UNMIS, consistent with its mandate, and within authorized
levels of civilian police, to continue efforts to assist the parties to the CPA in
promoting the rule of law, restructuring the police and corrections services
throughout Sudan, particularly in the south due to lack of development of the police
services, and assisting in the training of civilian police and corrections officers;
18. Encourages UNMIS to work closely with the Sudanese Armed Forces
(SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) to reinvigorate the
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disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) process and to assist in
voluntary disarmament and weapons collection and destruction efforts in
implementation of DDR under the CPA; and to ensure the timely provisions of
sustainable reintegration programmes, which will help to promote continued and
enhanced funding support from donors for the reintegration phase, and to coordinate
with local authorities and with the United Nations agencies programmes and funds,
initiatives that strengthen DDR with the creation of economic opportunities for
reintegrated individuals and further urges donors to respond to calls for assistance to
the DDR process, in particular the reintegration phase, and calls on donors to
honour all obligations and pledges of assistance, and takes note in this context of the
need to also assist the victims in conflict-affected communities;
19. Welcomes the adoption of an action plan by the SPLA to release all
children still associated with its forces by the end of 2010 and in order to achieve
this goal, calls for a timely implementation of this action plan, requests UNMIS,
consistent with its mandate and in coordination with the relevant parties and with
particular emphasis on the protection, release and reintegration with their families of
children recruited to and participating with armed forces and armed groups, to
increase its support for the National DDR Coordination Council and the Northern
and Southern DDR Commissions and to monitor the reintegration process;
20. Welcomes the continuing organized return of internally displaced persons
and refugees to the Three Areas and Southern Sudan, and requests UNMIS, within
its current mandate, capabilities and areas of deployment, to coordinate with United
Nations and other partners to facilitate sustainable returns, including by helping to
establish and maintain the necessary security conditions;
21. Stresses the critical role of the AEC in overseeing and monitoring
implementation of the CPA; and urges all parties to cooperate fully with the AEC
and implement its recommendations;
22. Stresses the importance of achievable and realistic targets against which
the progress of UNMIS can be measured; in this regard, requests the Secretary-
General to report on and assess the progress in meeting benchmarks in each
quarterly report, as well as any consequent recommendations regarding UNMIS’
23. Encourages the periodical update and review of the UNMIS’ concept of
operations and rules of engagement, fully in line with the provisions of the UNMIS
mandate under relevant Security Council resolutions, and requests the Secretary-
General to report on progress against the concepts and rules to the Security Council
and Troop Contributing Countries in each quarterly report, and to provide the
Security Council in the same report specific updates on the security situation in the
mission’s area of responsibility;
24. Requests the Secretary-General to continue the necessary measures to
ensure full compliance by UNMIS with the United Nations zero tolerance policy on
sexual exploitation and abuse and to keep the Council fully informed, and urges
troop-contributing countries to take appropriate preventive action including
predeployment awareness training, and other action to ensure full accountability in
cases of such conduct involving their personnel;
25. Decides to remain actively seized of this matter.

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan
Related with resolutions
1325 1502 1590 1612 1663 1674 1820 1882 1888 1889 1894
Quoted in resolutions
Security Council Composition