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Resolution 2004

The situation in the Middle East


S/RES/2004 (2011)
Security Council Distr.: General
30 August 2011
11-48441 (E)
Resolution 2004 (2011)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6605th meeting,
on 30 August 2011
The Security Council,
Recalling all its previous resolutions on Lebanon, in particular resolutions 425
(1978), 426 (1978), 1559 (2004), 1680 (2006), 1701 (2006), 1773 (2007), 1832
(2008), 1884 (2009) and 1937 (2010) as well as the statements of its President on
the situation in Lebanon,
Responding to the request of the Government of Lebanon to extend the
mandate of UNIFIL for a new period of one year without amendment presented in a
letter from the Lebanese Foreign Minister to the Secretary-General of 22 July 2011
and welcoming the letter from the Secretary-General to its President of 3 August
2011 (S/2011/488) recommending this extension,
Reiterating its strong support for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and
political independence of Lebanon,
Reaffirming its commitment to the full implementation of all provisions of
resolution 1701 (2006), and aware of its responsibilities to help secure a permanent
ceasefire and a long-term solution as envisioned in the resolution,
Calling upon all concerned parties to strengthen their efforts to fully
implement all provisions of resolution 1701 (2006) without delay,
Expressing deep concern at all violations in connection with resolution 1701
(2006), in particular the latest grave violations of 15 May and 1 August 2011,
looking forward to the rapid finalization of UNIFIL’s investigation with a view to
preventing such incidents in the future,
Commending the Lebanese Armed Forces and UNIFIL on steps taken to
prevent an escalation of violence during protests on 5 June 2011,
Emphasizing the importance of full compliance with the prohibition on sales
and supply of arms and related materiel established by resolution 1701,
Recalling the utmost importance that all parties concerned respect the Blue
Line in its entirety and encouraging the parties to accelerate their efforts in
coordination with UNIFIL to visibly mark the Blue Line in its entirety,
S/RES/2004 (2011)
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Condemning in the strongest terms the terrorist attacks against UNIFIL
peacekeepers on 27 May and 26 July, as well as all attempts to threaten the security
and stability of Lebanon, reaffirming its determination to ensure that no such acts of
intimidation will prevent UNIFIL from implementing its mandate in accordance
with Security Council resolution 1701 and welcoming the investigation launched by
Lebanon and its commitment to bring to justice the perpetrators of these attacks, and
to protect UNIFIL movements as stated by the Lebanese Higher Defence Council on
12 August 2011,
Recalling the relevant principles contained in the Convention on the Safety of
United Nations and Associated Personnel,
Commending the active role and dedication of the personnel of UNIFIL and
expressing its strong appreciation to Member States that contribute to UNIFIL and
underlining the necessity that UNIFIL have at its disposal all necessary means and
equipment to carry out its mandate,
Recalling the request from the Government of Lebanon to deploy an
international force to assist it to exercise its authority throughout the territory and
reaffirming UNIFIL’s authority to take all necessary action in areas of operations of
its forces and as it deems within its capabilities, to ensure that its area of operations
is not utilized for hostile activities of any kind and to resist attempts by forceful
means to prevent it from discharging its mandate,
Welcoming the efforts of the Secretary-General to keep all peacekeeping
operations, including UNIFIL, under close review and stressing the need for the
Council to pursue a rigorous, strategic approach to peacekeeping deployments,
Calling upon member States to assist the Lebanese Armed Forces as needed to
enable it to perform its duties in line with resolution 1701,
Determining that the situation in Lebanon continues to constitute a threat to
international peace and security,
1. Decides to extend the present mandate of UNIFIL until 31 August 2012;
2. Commends the positive role of UNIFIL, whose deployment together with
the Lebanese Armed Forces has helped to establish a new strategic environment in
southern Lebanon, welcomes the expansion of coordinated activities between
UNIFIL and the Lebanese armed forces, and calls for further enhancement of this
3. Welcomes in this regard the engagement of UNIFIL and the Lebanese
Armed Forces in the Strategic dialogue which aims at carrying out analysis of
ground forces and maritime assets and setting a series of benchmarks reflecting the
correlation between the capacities and responsibilities of UNIFIL vis-à-vis those of
the Lebanese Armed Forces, with a view to identifying Lebanese Armed Forces
requirements for implementing tasks mandated in resolution 1701 (2006), calls for
an acceleration of its pace, and requests in this regard the Secretary-General to
conduct, before the end of the year, a Strategic review of UNIFIL in an effort to
ensure, along with peacekeeping good practice, that the Mission is configured most
appropriately to fulfil its mandated tasks;
S/RES/2004 (2011)
11-48441 3
4. Strongly calls upon all parties concerned to respect the cessation of
hostilities, to prevent any violation of the Blue line and to respect it in its entirety
and to cooperate fully with the United Nations and UNIFIL;
5. Condemns in the strongest terms all terrorist attacks against UNIFIL and
urges all parties to abide scrupulously by their obligation to respect the safety of
UNIFIL and other United Nations personnel and to ensure that the freedom of
movement of UNIFIL is fully respected and unimpeded, in conformity with its
mandate and its rules of engagement including by avoiding any course of action
which endangers United Nations personnel, and in this regard, calls for further
cooperation between UNIFIL and the Lebanese Armed Forces in particular
regarding coordinated and adjacent patrols, and for the rapid finalization of the
investigation launched by Lebanon regarding the 27 May and 26 July attacks in
order to bring to justice the perpetrators of these attacks;
6. Urges all parties to cooperate fully with the Security Council and the
Secretary-General to make tangible progress towards a permanent ceasefire and a
long-term solution as envisioned in resolution 1701 (2006), and emphasizes that
more work remains to be done by the parties to advance the full implementation of
resolution 1701 (2006);
7. Urges the Government of Israel to expedite the withdrawal of its army
from northern Ghajar without further delay in coordination with UNIFIL, which has
actively engaged Israel and Lebanon to facilitate such a withdrawal;
8. Reaffirms its call on all states to fully support and respect the
establishment between the Blue Line and the Litani River of an area free of any
armed personnel, assets and weapons other than those of the Government of
Lebanon and UNIFIL;
9. Welcomes the efforts being undertaken by UNIFIL to implement the
Secretary-General’s zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and to
ensure full compliance of its personnel with the United Nations code of conduct,
requests the Secretary-General to continue to take all necessary action in this regard
and to keep the Security Council informed, and urges troop-contributing countries to
take preventive and disciplinary action to ensure that such acts are properly
investigated and punished in cases involving their personnel;
10. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to report to the Council on
the implementation of resolution 1701 (2006), every four months, or at any time as
he deems appropriate;
11. Stresses the importance of, and the need to achieve, a comprehensive,
just and lasting peace in the Middle East, based on all its relevant resolutions
including its resolutions 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967, 338 (1973) of 22 October
1973, 1515 (2003) of 19 November 2003, and 1850 (2008) of 16 December 2008;
12. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Lebanon, Middle East
The situation in the Middle East
Related with resolutions
242 338 425 426 1515 1559 1680 1701 1773 1832 1850 1884 1937
Quoted in resolutions
2064 2115 2172 2236 2305 2373 2433 2485 2539 2591 2650
Security Council Composition