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Resolution 2043

The situation in the Middle East

Abstract

S/RES/2043 (2012)
Security Council Distr.: General
21 April 2012
12-30591 (E)
*1230591*
Resolution 2043 (2012)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6756th meeting, on
21 April 2012
The Security Council,
Recalling its Resolution 2042 (2012), as well as its Presidential Statements of
3 August 2011, 21 March 2012 and 5 April 2012, and also recalling all relevant
resolutions of the General Assembly,
Reaffirming its support to the Joint Special Envoy for the United Nations and
the League of Arab States, Kofi Annan, and his work, following General Assembly
resolution A/RES/66/253 of 16 February 2012 and relevant resolutions of the
League of Arab States,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and
territorial integrity of Syria, and to the purposes and principles of the Charter,
Condemning the widespread violations of human rights by the Syrian
authorities, as well as any human rights abuses by armed groups, recalling that those
responsible shall be held accountable, and expressing its profound regret at the
death of many thousands of people in Syria,
Expressing its appreciation of the significant efforts that have been made by
the States bordering Syria to assist Syrians who have fled across Syria’s borders as a
consequence of the violence, and requesting UNHCR to provide assistance as
requested by member states receiving these displaced persons,
Expressing also its appreciation of the humanitarian assistance that has been
provided to Syria by other States,
Noting the Syrian government’s commitment on 25 March 2012 to implement
the six-point proposal of the Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations and the
League of Arab States, and to implement urgently and visibly its commitments, as it
agreed to do in its communication to the Envoy of 1 April 2012, to (a) cease troop
movements towards population centres, (b) cease all use of heavy weapons in such
centres, and (c) begin pullback of military concentrations in and around population
centres, and to implement these in their entirety by no later than 10 April 2012, and
noting also the Syrian opposition’s expressed commitment to respect the cessation
of violence, provided the government does so,
S/RES/2043 (2012)
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Expressing concern over ongoing violence and reports of casualties which
have escalated again in recent days, following the Envoy’s assessment of 12 April
2012 that the parties appeared to be observing a cessation of fire and that the Syrian
government had started to implement its commitments, and noting that the cessation
of armed violence in all its forms is therefore clearly incomplete,
Supporting the Envoy’s call for an immediate and visible implementation by
the Syrian government of all elements of the Envoy’s six-point proposal in their
entirety to achieve a sustained cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all
parties,
Taking note of the assessment by the Secretary-General that a United Nations
monitoring mission deployed quickly when the conditions are conducive with a
clear mandate, the requisite capacities, and the appropriate conditions of operation
would greatly contribute to observing and upholding the commitment of the parties
to a cessation of armed violence in all its forms and to supporting the
implementation of the six-point plan,
Noting the 19 April 2012 Preliminary Understanding (S/2012/250) agreed
between the Syrian Arab Republic and the United Nations which provides a basis
for a protocol governing the Advance Team and, upon its deployment, the
UN supervision mechanism,
Having considered the Secretary-General’s letter addressed to the President of
Security Council(S/2012/238),
1. Reaffirms its full support for and calls for the urgent, comprehensive, and
immediate implementation of all elements of the Envoy’s six-point proposal as
annexed to resolution 2042 (2012) aimed at bringing an immediate end to all
violence and human rights violations, securing humanitarian access and facilitating
a Syrian-led political transition leading to a democratic, plural political system, in
which citizens are equal regardless of their affiliations, ethnicities or beliefs,
including through commencing a comprehensive political dialogue between the
Syrian government and the whole spectrum of the Syrian opposition;
2. Calls upon the Syrian government to implement visibly its commitments
in their entirety, as it agreed to do in the Preliminary Understanding and as
stipulated in resolution 2042 (2012), to (a) cease troop movements towards
population centres, (b) cease all use of heavy weapons in such centres, (c) complete
pullback of military concentrations in and around population centres, as well as to
withdraw its troops and heavy weapons from population centres to their barracks or
temporary deployment places to facilitate a sustained cessation of violence;
3. Calls upon all parties in Syria, including the opposition, immediately to
cease all armed violence in all its forms;
4. Calls upon the Syrian armed opposition groups and relevant elements to
respect relevant provisions of the Preliminary Understanding;
5. Decides to establish for an initial period of 90 days a United Nations
Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS) under the command of a Chief Military
Observer, comprising an initial deployment of up to 300 unarmed military observers
as well as an appropriate civilian component as required by the Mission to fulfil its
mandate, and decides further that the Mission shall be deployed expeditiously
S/RES/2043 (2012)
12-30591 3
subject to assessment by the Secretary-General of relevant developments on the
ground, including the consolidation of the cessation of violence;
6. Decides also that the mandate of the Mission shall be to monitor a
cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties and to monitor and support
the full implementation of the Envoy’s six-point proposal;
7. Requests that the Secretary-General and the Syrian government without
delay conclude a Status of Mission Agreement (SOMA), taking into consideration
General Assembly resolution 58/82 on the scope of legal protection under the
Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel, and notes the
agreement between the Syrian government and the United Nations that, pending the
conclusion of such an agreement, the model SOFA agreement of 9 October 1990
(A/45/594) shall apply provisionally;
8. Calls upon the Syrian government to ensure the effective operation of
UNSMIS by: facilitating the expeditious and unhindered deployment of its
personnel and capabilities as required to fulfil its mandate; ensuring its full,
unimpeded, and immediate freedom of movement and access as necessary to fulfil
its mandate, underlining in this regard the need for the Syrian government and the
United Nations to agree rapidly on appropriate air transportation assets for
UNSMIS; allowing its unobstructed communications; and allowing it to freely and
privately communicate with individuals throughout Syria without retaliation against
any person as a result of interaction with UNSMIS;
9. Calls upon the parties to guarantee the safety of UNSMIS personnel
without prejudice to its freedom of movement and access, and stresses that the
primary responsibility in this regard lies with the Syrian authorities;
10. Requests the Secretary-General to report immediately to the Security
Council any obstructions to the effective operation of UNSMIS by any party;
11. Reiterates its call for the Syrian authorities to allow immediate, full and
unimpeded access of humanitarian personnel to all populations in need of
assistance, in accordance with international law and guiding principles of
humanitarian assistance and calls upon all parties in Syria, in particular the Syrian
authorities, to cooperate fully with the United Nations and relevant humanitarian
organizations to facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance;
12. Invites all Member States to consider making appropriate contributions to
UNSMIS as requested by the Secretary-General;
13. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council on the
implementation of this resolution within 15 days of its adoption and every 15 days
thereafter, and also to submit, as necessary, to the Council proposals for possible
adjustments to the UNSMIS mandate;
14. Expresses its intention to assess the implementation of this resolution and
to consider further steps as appropriate;
15. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Topics
Middle East, Syria
Year
2012
Title
The situation in the Middle East
Related with resolutions
2042
Quoted in resolutions
2118 2139 2165 2191 2254 2258 2268 2332 2393 2401
Security Council Composition
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