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Resolution 2123

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Abstract

S/RES/2123 (2013)
Security Council Distr.: General
12 November 2013
13-56013 (E)
*1356013*
Resolution 2123 (2013)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 7055th meeting, on
12 November 2013
The Security Council,
Recalling all its previous relevant resolutions concerning the conflicts in the
former Yugoslavia and relevant statements of its President, including resolutions
1031 (1995) of 15 December 1995, 1088 (1996) of 12 December 1996, 1423 (2002)
of 12 July 2002, 1491 (2003) of 11 July 2003, 1551 (2004) of 9 July 2004, 1575
(2004) of 22 November 2004, 1639 (2005) of 21 November 2005, 1722 (2006) of
21 November 2006, 1764 (2007) of 29 June 2007, 1785 (2007) of 21 November
2007, 1845 (2008) of 20 November 2008, 1869 (2009) of 25 March 2009, 1895
(2009) of 18 November 2009, 1948 (2010) of 18 November 2010, 2019 (2011) of
16 November 2011 and 2074 (2012) of 14 November 2012,
Reaffirming its commitment to the political settlement of the conflicts in the
former Yugoslavia, preserving the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all States
there within their internationally recognized borders,
Emphasizing its full support for the High Representative’s continued role in
Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Underlining its commitment to support the implementation of the General
Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the annexes
thereto (collectively the Peace Agreement, S/1995/999, annex), as well as the
relevant decisions of the Peace Implementation Council (PIC),
Recalling all the agreements concerning the status of forces referred to in
appendix B to annex 1-A of the Peace Agreement, and reminding the parties of their
obligation to continue to comply therewith,
Further recalling the provisions of its resolution 1551 (2004) concerning the
provisional application of the status of forces agreements contained in appendix B to
annex 1-A of the Peace Agreement,
Emphasizing its appreciation to the High Representative, the Commander and
personnel of the multinational stabilization force (EUFOR ALTHEA), the Senior
Military Representative and personnel of the NATO Headquarters Sarajevo, the
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the European Union
(EU) and the personnel of other international organizations and agencies in Bosnia
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and Herzegovina for their contributions to the implementation of the Peace
Agreement,
Emphasizing that a comprehensive and coordinated return of refugees and
displaced persons throughout the region continues to be crucial to lasting peace,
Encouraging the authorities of BIH, with the support of the international
community, to accelerate their efforts to address the disposal of excess ammunition,
Recalling the declarations of the Ministerial meetings of the Peace
Implementation Conference,
Recognizing that full implementation of the Peace Agreement is not yet
complete, while paying tribute to the achievements of the authorities at State and
entity level in Bosnia and Herzegovina and of the international community in the
eighteen years since the signing of the Peace Agreement,
Recognizing that the security environment has remained calm and stable, and
noting that the Bosnia and Herzegovina authorities have so far proven capable to
deal with threats to the safe and secure environment,
Emphasizing the importance of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s progress towards
Euro-Atlantic integration on the basis of the Peace Agreement, while recognizing
the importance of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s transition to a functional, reform
oriented, modern and democratic European country,
Noting the reports of the High Representative, including his latest report of
5 November 2013,
Determined to promote the peaceful resolution of the conflicts in accordance
with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
Recalling the relevant principles contained in the Convention on the Safety of
United Nations and Associated Personnel adopted on 9 December 1994 and the
statement of its President on 10 February 2000 (S/PRST/2000/4),
Welcoming and encouraging efforts by the United Nations to sensitize
peacekeeping personnel in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and other
communicable diseases in all its peacekeeping operations,
Welcoming the continued presence of EUFOR ALTHEA, successfully focusing
on capacity-building and training while also retaining the capability to contribute to
the Bosnia and Herzegovina authorities’ deterrence capacity if the situation so
requires,
Welcoming also the EU’s readiness, as confirmed in the conclusions of EU
Foreign Ministers on 21 October 2013, to continue at this stage an executive
military role to support Bosnia and Herzegovina authorities to maintain the safe and
secure environment, under a renewed UN mandate, and welcoming EU’s agreement
to keep the operation under regular review, including on the basis of the situation on
the ground, with a view to making progress on the conditions conducive to the
delivery of its mandate,
Recalling the letters between the European Union and NATO sent to the
Security Council on 19 November 2004 on how those organizations will cooperate
together in Bosnia and Herzegovina in which both organizations recognize that the
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EUFOR ALTHEA will have the main peace stabilization role under the military
aspects of the Peace Agreement (S/2004/916; S/2004/915),
Further recalling the confirmation by the Presidency of Bosnia and
Herzegovina, on behalf of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including its constituent
entities, of the arrangements for EUFOR ALTHEA and the NATO Headquarters
presence (S/2004/917),
Welcoming the European Union’s increased engagement and reinforced role in
Bosnia and Herzegovina and the continued engagement of NATO,
Reiterating its calls on the competent authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina to
take necessary steps to complete the 5+2 agenda, which remains necessary for OHR
closure, as confirmed by the PIC Steering Board communiqués, and noting the
continued lack of progress in that regard,
Calling on all Bosnia and Herzegovina’s political leaders to refrain from
divisive rhetoric and make further concrete and tangible progress towards EU
integration, including implementation of the European Court of Human Rights
ruling in the Sejdic/Finci case,
Determining that the situation in the region continues to constitute a threat to
international peace and security,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Reaffirms once again its support for the Peace Agreement, as well as for
the Dayton Paris Agreement on implementing the Federation of Bosnia and
Herzegovina of 10 November 1995 (S/1995/1021, annex) and calls upon the parties
to comply strictly with their obligations under those Agreements;
2. Reiterates that the primary responsibility for the further successful
implementation of the Peace Agreement lies with the authorities in Bosnia and
Herzegovina themselves and that the continued willingness of the international
community and major donors to assume the political, military and economic burden
of implementation and reconstruction efforts will be determined by the compliance
and active participation by all the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina in
implementing the Peace Agreement and rebuilding a civil society, in particular in
full cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
and the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals in accordance
with their respective obligations under resolution 827 (1993), resolution 955 (1994)
and resolution 1966 (2010), in strengthening joint institutions, which foster the
building of a fully functioning self-sustaining State, able to integrate itself into the
European structures and in facilitating returns of refugees and displaced persons;
3. Reminds the parties once again that, in accordance with the Peace
Agreement, they have committed themselves to cooperate fully with all entities
involved in the implementation of this peace settlement, as described in the Peace
Agreement, or which are otherwise authorized by the Security Council, including
the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International
Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals, in accordance with their respective
obligations under resolution 827 (1993), resolution 955 (1994) and resolution 1966
(2010), and recalls the obligation of States to cooperate with the Tribunal and
Mechanism and in particular to comply without undue delay with requests for
assistance;
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4. Emphasizes its full support for the role of the High Representative in
monitoring the implementation of the Peace Agreement and giving guidance to and
coordinating the activities of the civilian organizations and agencies involved in
assisting the parties to implement the Peace Agreement, and reaffirms that under
annex 10 of the Peace Agreement the High Representative is the final authority in
theatre regarding the interpretation of civilian implementation of the Peace
Agreement and that in case of dispute he may give his interpretation and make
recommendations, and make binding decisions as he judges necessary on issues as
elaborated by the Peace Implementation Council in Bonn on 9 and 10 December
1997;
5. Expresses its support for the declarations of the Ministerial meetings of
the Peace Implementation Conference;
6. Reaffirms its intention to keep implementation of the Peace Agreement
and the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina under close review, taking into account
the reports submitted pursuant to paragraphs 18 and 21 below, and any
recommendations those reports might include, and its readiness to consider the
imposition of measures if any party fails significantly to meet its obligations under
the Peace Agreement;
7. Recalls the support of the authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina for
EUFOR ALTHEA and the continued NATO presence and their confirmation that
both are the legal successors to SFOR for the fulfilment of their missions for the
purposes of the Peace Agreement, its annexes and appendices and relevant United
Nations Security Council resolutions and can take such actions as are required,
including the use of force, to ensure compliance with annexes 1-A and 2 of the
Peace Agreement and relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions;
8. Pays tribute to those Member States which participated in the
multinational stabilization force (EUFOR ALTHEA), and in the continued NATO
presence, established in accordance with its resolution 1575 (2004) and extended
with its resolutions 1639 (2005), 1722 (2006), 1785 (2007), 1845 (2008), 1895
(2009), 1948 (2010), 2019 (2011) and 2074 (2012) and welcomes their willingness
to assist the Parties to the Peace Agreement by continuing to deploy a multinational
stabilization force (EUFOR ALTHEA) and by maintaining a continued NATO
presence;
9. Welcomes the EU’s intention to maintain an EU military operation
(EUFOR ALTHEA) in Bosnia and Herzegovina from November 2013;
10. Authorizes the Member States acting through or in cooperation with the
EU to establish for a further period of twelve months, starting from the date of the
adoption of this resolution, a multinational stabilization force (EUFOR ALTHEA) as
a legal successor to SFOR under unified command and control, which will fulfil its
missions in relation to the implementation of annex 1-A and annex 2 of the Peace
Agreement in cooperation with the NATO Headquarters presence in accordance with
the arrangements agreed between NATO and the EU as communicated to the
Security Council in their letters of 19 November 2004, which recognize that
EUFOR ALTHEA will have the main peace stabilization role under the military
aspects of the Peace Agreement;
11. Welcomes the decision of NATO to continue to maintain a presence in
Bosnia and Herzegovina in the form of a NATO Headquarters in order to continue to
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assist in implementing the Peace Agreement in conjunction with EUFOR ALTHEA
and authorizes the Member States acting through or in cooperation with NATO to
continue to maintain a NATO Headquarters as a legal successor to SFOR under
unified command and control, which will fulfil its missions in relation to the
implementation of annex 1-A and annex 2 of the Peace Agreement in cooperation
with EUFOR ALTHEA in accordance with the arrangements agreed between NATO
and the EU as communicated to the Security Council in their letters of 19 November
2004, which recognize that EUFOR ALTHEA will have the main peace stabilization
role under the military aspects of the Peace Agreement;
12. Reaffirms that the Peace Agreement and the provisions of its previous
relevant resolutions shall apply to and in respect of both EUFOR ALTHEA and the
NATO presence as they have applied to and in respect of SFOR and that therefore
references in the Peace Agreement, in particular in annex 1-A and its appendices,
and relevant resolutions to IFOR and/or SFOR, NATO and the NAC shall be read as
applying, as appropriate, to the NATO presence, EUFOR ALTHEA, the European
Union and the Political and Security Committee and Council of the European Union
respectively;
13. Expresses its intention to consider the terms of further authorization as
necessary in the light of developments in the implementation of the Peace
Agreement and the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina;
14. Authorizes the Member States acting under paragraphs 10 and 11 above
to take all necessary measures to effect the implementation of and to ensure
compliance with annexes 1-A and 2 of the Peace Agreement, stresses that the parties
shall continue to be held equally responsible for the compliance with that annex and
shall be equally subject to such enforcement action by EUFOR ALTHEA and the
NATO presence as may be necessary to ensure implementation of those annexes and
the protection of EUFOR ALTHEA and the NATO presence;
15. Authorizes Member States to take all necessary measures, at the request
of either EUFOR ALTHEA or the NATO Headquarters, in defence of the EUFOR
ALTHEA or NATO presence respectively, and to assist both organizations in
carrying out their missions, and recognizes the right of both EUFOR ALTHEA and
the NATO presence to take all necessary measures to defend themselves from attack
or threat of attack;
16. Authorizes the Member States acting under paragraphs 10 and 11 above,
in accordance with annex 1-A of the Peace Agreement, to take all necessary
measures to ensure compliance with the rules and procedures governing command
and control of airspace over Bosnia and Herzegovina with respect to all civilian and
military air traffic;
17. Demands that the parties respect the security and freedom of movement
of EUFOR ALTHEA, the NATO presence, and other international personnel;
18. Requests the Member States acting through or in cooperation with the EU
and the Member States acting through or in cooperation with NATO to report to the
Council on the activity of EUFOR ALTHEA and NATO Headquarters presence
respectively, through the appropriate channels and at least at three-monthly
intervals;
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19. Invites all States, in particular those in the region, to continue to provide
appropriate support and facilities, including transit facilities, for the Member States
acting under paragraphs 10 and 11 above;
20. Also requests the Secretary-General to continue to submit to the Council
reports from the High Representative, in accordance with annex 10 of the Peace
Agreement and the conclusions of the Peace Implementation Conference held in
London on 4 and 5 December 1996 (S/1996/1012), and later Peace Implementation
Conferences, on the implementation of the Peace Agreement and in particular on
compliance by the parties with their commitments under that Agreement;
21. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Topics
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Year
2013
Title
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Related with resolutions
827 955 1031 1088 1423 1491 1551 1575 1639 1722 1764 1785 1845 1869 1895 1948 1966 2019 2074
Quoted in resolutions
2183 2247 2315 2384
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA ARG AUS AZE GTM KOR LUX MAR PAK RWA TGO