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Resolution 1881

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan


S/RES/1881 (2009)*
Security Council Distr.: General
6 August 2009
09-43393* (E)
Resolution 1881 (2009)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6175th meeting, on
30 July 2009
The Security Council,
Reaffirming all its previous resolutions and presidential statements concerning
the situation in Sudan,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, unity, independence and
territorial integrity of Sudan and its determination to work with the Government of
Sudan, in full respect of its sovereignty, to assist in tackling the various challenges
in Sudan,
Recalling also its previous resolutions 1674 (2006) on the protection of
civilians in armed conflict, which reaffirms, inter alia, the relevant provisions of the
United Nations World Summit outcome document, 1612 (2005) on children in
armed conflict, 1502 (2003) on the protection of humanitarian and United Nations
personnel, and 1325 (2000) and 1820 (2008) on women, peace and security,
Taking note of the report on Children in Armed Conflict in Sudan dated
10 February 2009 (S/2009/84), including his recommendations, and the report on
Children in Armed Conflict in the Sudan (S/2007/520) dated 29 August 2007, and
recalling the conclusions endorsed by the Security Council Working Group on
Children in Armed Conflict in Sudan (S/AC.51/2008/7),
Welcoming the important role of the African Union,
Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General of 13 July (S/2009/352) on the
African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID),
Stressing the need for the Council to pursue a rigorous, strategic approach to
peacekeeping deployments,
Expressing concern, two years after the adoption of resolution 1769 (2007), at
the continued seriousness of the security situation and deterioration of the
humanitarian situation in Darfur, and at the recurring attacks on the civilian
population, reiterating its condemnation of all violations of human rights and
international humanitarian law in Darfur, calling on all parties to comply with their
obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law, emphasizing the
* Reissued for technical reasons.
S/RES/1881 (2009)
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need to bring to justice the perpetrators of such crimes and urging the Government
of Sudan to comply with its obligations in this respect,
Reaffirming its concern over the negative affect of the ongoing violence in
Darfur on the stability of Sudan as a whole as well as the region, noting with
concern the negative effect of ongoing tensions between the Governments of Sudan
and Chad, reiterating that a reduction in these tensions and rebel activity in both
countries must be addressed to achieve long-term peace in Darfur and in the region,
and encouraging Sudan and Chad to engage constructively with the Dakar Contact
Group and the international community,
Expressing its strong commitment and determination to promote and support
the political process in Darfur, and the efforts of the Chief Mediator, and deploring
the fact that some groups continue to refuse to join the political process,
Determining that the situation in Sudan constitutes a threat to international
peace and security,
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNAMID as set out in resolution 1769
(2007) for a further 12 months to 31 July 2010;
2. Underlines the need for UNAMID to make full use of its mandate and
capabilities, particularly with regard to (a) the protection of civilians across Darfur,
and (b) ensuring safe, timely and unhindered humanitarian access, the safety and
security of humanitarian personnel and the protection of humanitarian convoys;
3. Commends the contribution of troop- and police-contributing countries
and donors to UNAMID; calls on United Nations Member States to pledge and
contribute the remaining helicopter, aerial reconnaissance, ground transport, medical
and logistical units and other force enablers required; underlines the need for
capable battalions effectively able to carry out UNAMID’s mandated tasks; in this
regard requests the continuing assistance of donors in ensuring battalions are
suitably trained and equipped; and further requests UNAMID to examine how it
could maximize the use of its capabilities in Darfur;
4. Welcomes the improvement in the Government of Sudan’s cooperation
with UNAMID, commends the credible work of the Tripartite Commission, calls on
all parties in Darfur to remove all obstacles to the full and expeditious deployment
of UNAMID and the proper discharge of its mandate, including by ensuring its
security and freedom of movement; and in this regard calls on the Government of
Sudan to comply with the Status of Forces Agreement fully and without delay,
particularly the timely provision of visas for UNAMID personnel and of flight and
equipment clearances;
5. Reiterates its condemnation of previous attacks on UNAMID by armed
groups; underlines that any attack or threat on UNAMID is unacceptable; demands
that there be no recurrence of such attacks; and stresses the need to enhance the
safety and security of UNAMID personnel;
6. Stresses the importance of achievable and realistic targets against which
the progress of United Nations peacekeeping operations can be measured; and in
this regard requests the Secretary-General, following consultations with the African
Union, to:
S/RES/1881 (2009)
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(a) submit, for the Council’s consideration, a strategic workplan containing
benchmarks to measure and track progress being made by UNAMID in
implementing its mandate,
(b) include in his next report an assessment of progress made against these
benchmarks, as well as consequent recommendations regarding UNAMID’s
mandate and configuration, and
(c) report to the Council every 90 days thereafter on progress made towards
implementing UNAMID’s mandate across Darfur, as well as on progress on the
political process, on the security and humanitarian situation and on all parties
compliance with their international obligations;
7. Demands that all parties to the conflict in Darfur immediately end
violence, attacks on civilians, peacekeepers and humanitarian personnel, and
comply with their obligations under human rights and international humanitarian
law; calls for an immediate cessation of hostilities and for all parties to commit
themselves to a sustained and permanent ceasefire; requests the Secretary-General
to consult with relevant parties with a view to developing a more effective ceasefire
monitoring mechanism; and underlines the need for UNAMID to report on major
instances of violence which undermines the parties’ full and constructive efforts
towards peace;
8. Reiterates there can be no military solution to the conflict in Darfur and
that an inclusive political settlement and the successful deployment of UNAMID are
essential to re-establishing peace; reaffirms its full support for the African
Union/United Nations led political process for Darfur and the work of Joint Chief
Mediator Mr. Djibrill Yipènè Bassolé; demands that all parties to the conflict,
including all rebel groups, immediately engage fully and constructively in the peace
process without preconditions, including by entering into talks under the mediation
of Mr. Bassolé with a view to finalizing a Framework Agreement; welcomes the
work of Qatar and Libya in this regard and the support of other countries in the
region; calls on UNAMID to support the Joint Chief Mediator and the Joint
Mediation Team; and underlines the need for the engagement of civil society,
including women and women-led organizations, community groups and tribal
leaders in order to create a conducive environment for peace and security through
constructive and open dialogue;
9. Calls on Sudan and Chad to abide by their obligations under the Doha
Agreement of 3 May 2009, the Dakar Agreement of 13 March 2008, and previous
bilateral agreements; and reaffirms the need for both countries to engage
constructively with the Dakar Contact Group with a view to normalizing relations,
ceasing support for armed groups, strengthening actions to combat armed trafficking
in the region, the establishment of effective joint border monitoring, and
cooperating through diplomatic means to establish peace and stability in Darfur and
the wider region;
10. Notes that conflict in one area of Sudan affects other areas of Sudan and
the wider region; and urges UNAMID to coordinate closely with other United
Nations missions in the region, including the United Nations Mission in Sudan
(UNMIS) and the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad
S/RES/1881 (2009)
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11. Requests UNAMID, consistent with its current capabilities and mandate,
to assist and complement UNMIS efforts in preparing for credible national elections
through the provision of advice and assistance where required;
12. Expresses its serious concern at the continued deterioration of the
humanitarian situation in Darfur, calls for the full implementation of the
Communiqué between the Government of Sudan and the United Nations on
Facilitation of Humanitarian Activities in Darfur; and demands that the Government
of Sudan, all militias, armed groups and all other stakeholders ensure the full, safe
and unhindered access of humanitarian organizations and relief personnel and the
delivery of humanitarian assistance to populations in need;
13. Demands that all parties to the conflict in Darfur create the conditions
conducive to allowing the voluntary, safe, dignified and sustainable return of
refugees and internally displaced persons;
14. Demands that the parties to the conflict immediately take appropriate
measures to protect civilians, including women and children, from all forms of
sexual violence, in line with resolution 1820 (2008); and requests the Secretary-
General to develop a comprehensive strategy for providing protection to women and
girls from sexual violence and gender-based violence and to ensure that the relevant
provisions of resolutions 1325 (2000) and 1820 (2008) are implemented by
UNAMID and to include information on this in his reporting to the Council;
15. Requests the Secretary-General to ensure (a) continued monitoring and
reporting, as part of the reports referred to in paragraph 6 above, of the situation of
children and (b) continued dialogue with the parties to the conflict towards the
preparation of time bound action plans to end the recruitment and use of child
soldiers and other violations of international humanitarian law against children;
16. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan
Related with resolutions
1325 1502 1612 1674 1769 1820
Security Council Composition