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Resolution 1769

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan

Abstract

S/RES/1769 (2007)
Security Council Distr.: General
31 July 2007
07-44552 (E)
*0744552*
Resolution 1769 (2007)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5727th meeting, on
31 July 2007
The Security Council,
Recalling all its previous resolutions and presidential statements concerning
the situation in Sudan,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, unity, independence and
territorial integrity of Sudan, and to the cause of peace, and expressing its
determination to work with the Government of Sudan, in full respect of its
sovereignty, to assist in tackling the various problems in Darfur, Sudan,
Recalling the conclusions of the Addis Ababa high-level consultation on the
situation in Darfur of 16 November 2006 as endorsed in the communiqué of the 66th
meeting of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union held in Abuja on
30 November 2006 as well as the communiqué of 79th meeting of the Peace and
Security Council of the African Union on 22 June 2007, recalling the statement of
its President of 19 December 2006 endorsing the Addis Ababa and Abuja
agreements, welcoming the progress made so far and calling for them to be fully
implemented by all parties without delay and for all parties to facilitate the
immediate deployment of the United Nations Light and Heavy Support packages to
the African Union Mission in the Sudan (AMIS) and a Hybrid operation in Darfur,
for which back-stopping and command and control structures will be provided by
the United Nations, and recalling that co-operation between the UN and the regional
arrangements in matters relating to the maintenance of peace and security is an
integral part of collective security as provided for in the Charter of the United
Nations,
Re-affirming also its previous resolutions 1325 (2000) on women, peace and
security, 1502 (2003) on the protection of humanitarian and United Nations
personnel, 1612 (2005) on children and armed conflict and the subsequent
conclusions of the Security Council Working Group on Children in Armed Conflict
pertaining to parties to the armed conflict in Sudan (S/2006/971), and 1674 (2006)
on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, as well as recalling the report of its
Mission to Addis Ababa and Khartoum from 16 to 17 June 2007,
Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the
African Union Commission of 5 June 2007,
S/RES/1769 (2007)
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Commending in this regard the agreement of Sudan that the Hybrid operation
shall be deployed in Darfur, as detailed in the conclusions of the high-level AU/UN
consultations with the Government of Sudan in Addis Ababa on 12 June 2007 and
confirmed in full during the Council’s meeting with the President of Sudan on
17 June in Khartoum,
Recalling the Addis Ababa Agreement that the Hybrid operation should have a
predominantly African character and the troops should, as far as possible, be
sourced from African countries,
Commending the efforts of the African Union for the successful deployment of
AMIS, as well as the efforts of member states and regional organisations that have
assisted it in its deployment, stressing the need for AMIS, as supported by the
United Nations Light and Heavy Support Packages, to assist implementation of the
Darfur Peace Agreement until the end of its mandate, calling upon the Government
of Sudan to assist in removing all obstacles to the proper discharge by AMIS of its
mandate; and recalling the communiqué of the 79th meeting of the Peace and
Security Council of the African Union of 22 June to extend the mandate of AMIS
for an additional period not exceeding six months until 31 December 2007,
Stressing the urgent need to mobilise the financial, logistical and other support
and assistance required for AMIS,
Welcoming the ongoing preparations for the Hybrid operation, including the
putting in place of logistical arrangements in Darfur, at United Nations
Headquarters and the African Union Commission Headquarters, force and police
generation efforts and on-going joint efforts by the Secretary General and the
Chairperson of the African Union to finalise essential operational policies, and
further welcoming action taken so that appropriate financial and administrative
mechanisms are established to ensure the effective management of the Hybrid,
Re-iterating its belief in the basis provided by the Darfur Peace Agreement for
a lasting political solution and sustained security in Darfur, deploring that the
Agreement has not been fully implemented by the signatories and not signed by all
parties to the conflict in Darfur, calling for an immediate cease-fire, urging all
parties not to act in any way that would impede the implementation of the
Agreement, and recalling the communiqué of the second international meeting on
the situation in Darfur convened by the African Union and United Nations Special
Envoys in Tripoli from 15-16 July 2007,
Noting with strong concern on-going attacks on the civilian population and
humanitarian workers and continued and widespread sexual violence, including as
outlined in the Report of the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African
Union Commission on the Hybrid Operation in Darfur and the report of the
Secretary-General of 23 February 2007, emphasising the need to bring to justice the
perpetrators of such crimes and urging the Government of Sudan to do so, and
reiterating in this regard its condemnation of all violations of human rights and
international humanitarian law in Darfur,
Reiterating its deep concern for the security of humanitarian aid workers and
their access to populations in need, condemning those parties to the conflict who
have failed to ensure the full, safe and unhindered access of relief personnel to all
those in need in Darfur as well as the delivery of humanitarian assistance, in
particular to internally displaced persons and refugees, and recognising that, with
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many citizens in Darfur having been displaced, humanitarian efforts remain a
priority until a sustained cease-fire and inclusive political process are achieved,
Demanding that there should be no aerial bombings and the use of United
Nations markings on aircraft used in such attacks,
Reaffirming its concern that the ongoing violence in Darfur might further
negatively affect the rest of Sudan as well as the region, stressing that regional
security aspects must be addressed to achieve long-term peace in Darfur, and calling
on the Governments of Sudan and Chad to abide by their obligations under the
Tripoli Agreement of 8 February 2006 and subsequent bilateral agreements,
Determining that the situation in Darfur, Sudan continues to constitute a threat
to international peace and security,
1. Decides, in support of the early and effective implementation of the
Darfur Peace Agreement and the outcome of the negotiations foreseen in paragraph
18, to authorise and mandate the establishment, for an initial period of 12 months, of
an AU/UN Hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID) as set out in this resolution and
pursuant to the report of the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African
Union Commission of 5 June 2007, and further decides that the mandate of
UNAMID shall be as set out in paragraphs 54 and 55 of the report of the Secretary
General and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission of 5 June 2007;
2. Decides that UNAMID, which shall incorporate AMIS personnel and the
UN Heavy and Light Support Packages to AMIS, shall consist of up to 19,555
military personnel, including 360 military observers and liaison officers, and an
appropriate civilian component including up to 3,772 police personnel and 19
formed police units comprising up to 140 personnel each;
3. Welcomes the appointment of the AU-UN Joint Special Representative
for Darfur Rodolphe Adada and Force Commander Martin Agwai, and calls on the
Secretary-General to immediately begin deployment of the command and control
structures and systems necessary to ensure a seamless transfer of authority from
AMIS to UNAMID;
4. Calls on all parties to urgently facilitate the full deployment of the UN
Light and Heavy Support Packages to AMIS and preparations for UNAMID, and
further calls on member states to finalise their contributions to UNAMID within 30
days of the adoption of this resolution and on the Secretary-General and the
Chairperson of the African Union Commission to agree the final composition of the
military component of UNAMID within the same time period;
5. Decides that:
(a) no later than October 2007, UNAMID shall establish an initial
operational capability for the headquarters, including the necessary management and
command and control structures, through which operational directives will be
implemented, and shall establish financial arrangements to cover troops costs for all
personnel deployed to AMIS;
(b) as of October 2007, UNAMID shall complete preparations to assume
operational command authority over the Light Support Package, personnel currently
deployed to AMIS, and such Heavy Support Package and hybrid personnel as may
be deployed by that date, in order that it shall perform such tasks under its mandate
S/RES/1769 (2007)
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as its resources and capabilities permit immediately upon transfer of authority
consistent with sub-paragraph (c) below;
(c) as soon as possible and no later than 31 December 2007, UNAMID
having completed all remaining tasks necessary to permit it to implement all
elements of its mandate, will assume authority from AMIS with a view to achieving
full operational capability and force strength as soon as possible thereafter;
6. Requests the Secretary General to report to the Council within 30 days of
the passage of this resolution and every 30 days thereafter, on the status of
UNAMID’s implementation of the steps specified in paragraph 5, including on the
status of financial, logistical, and administrative arrangements for UNAMID and on
the extent of UNAMID’s progress toward achieving full operational capability;
7. Decides that there will be unity of command and control which, in
accordance with basic principles of peacekeeping, means a single chain of
command, further decides that command and control structures and backstopping
will be provided by the United Nations, and, in this context, recalls the conclusions
of the Addis Ababa high level consultation on the situation in Darfur of
16 November;
8. Decides that force and personnel generation and administration shall be
conducted as set out in paragraphs 113-115 of the report of the Secretary-General
and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission of 5 June 2007, and requests
the Secretary-General to put in place without delay the practical arrangements for
deploying UNAMID including submitting to the General Assembly
recommendations on funding and effective financial management and oversight
mechanisms;
9. Decides that UNAMID shall monitor whether any arms or related
material are present in Darfur in violation of the Agreements and the measures
imposed by paragraphs 7 and 8 of resolution 1556 (2004);
10. Calls on all Member States to facilitate the free, unhindered and
expeditious movement to Sudan of all personnel, as well as equipment, provisions,
supplies and other goods, including vehicles and spare parts, which are for the
exclusive use of UNAMID in Darfur;
11. Stresses the urgent need to mobilise the financial, logistical and other
support required for AMIS, and calls on member states and regional organisations to
provide further assistance, in particular to permit the early deployment of two
additional battalions during the transition to UNAMID;
12. Decides that the authorised strength of UNMIS shall revert to that
specified in resolution 1590 (2005) upon the transfer of authority from AMIS to
UNAMID pursuant to paragraph 5(c);
13. Calls on all the parties to the conflict in Darfur to immediately cease all
hostilities and commit themselves to a sustained and permanent cease-fire;
14. Demands an immediate cessation of hostilities and attacks on AMIS,
civilians and humanitarian agencies, their staff and assets and relief convoys, and
further demands that all parties to the conflict in Darfur fully co-operate with AMIS,
civilians and humanitarian agencies, their staff and assets and relief convoys, and
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07-44552 5
give all necessary assistance to the deployment of the United Nations Light and
Heavy Support Packages to AMIS, and to UNAMID;
15. Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations:
(a) decides that UNAMID is authorised to take the necessary action, in the
areas of deployment of its forces and as it deems within its capabilities in order to:
(i) protect its personnel, facilities, installations and equipment, and to ensure
the security and freedom of movement of its own personnel and humanitarian
workers,
(ii) support early and effective implementation of the Darfur Peace
Agreement, prevent the disruption of its implementation and armed attacks,
and protect civilians, without prejudice to the responsibility of the Government
of Sudan;
(b) requests that the Secretary-General, in consultation with the Chairperson
of the African Union Commission, and the Government of Sudan conclude within
30 days a status-of-forces agreement with respect to UNAMID, taking into
consideration General Assembly resolution 58/82 on the scope of legal protection
under the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel and
General Assembly resolution 61/133 on the Safety and Security of Humanitarian
Personnel and the Protection of United Nations Personnel, and decides that pending
the conclusion of such an agreement the model status-of-forces agreement dated
9 October 1990 (A/45/594) shall provisionally apply with respect to UNAMID
personnel operating in that country;
16. Requests the Secretary-General to take the necessary measures to achieve
actual compliance in UNAMID with the United Nations zero-tolerance policy on
sexual exploitation and abuse, including the development of strategies and
appropriate mechanisms to prevent, identify and respond to all forms of misconduct,
including sexual exploitation and abuse, and the enhancement of training for
personnel to prevent misconduct and ensure full compliance with the United Nations
code of conduct, and to further take all necessary action in accordance with the
Secretary-General’s Bulletin on special measures for protection from sexual
exploitation and sexual abuse (ST/SGB/2003/13) and to keep the Council informed,
and urges troop-contributing countries to take appropriate preventive action
including the conduct of pre-deployment awareness training and, in the case of
forces previously deployed under AU auspices, post-deployment awareness training,
and to take disciplinary action and other action to ensure full accountability in cases
of such conduct involving their personnel;
17. Calls on all concerned parties to ensure that the protection of children is
addressed in the implementation of the Darfur Peace Agreement, and requests the
Secretary-General to ensure continued monitoring and reporting of the situation of
children and continued dialogue with parties to the conflict towards the preparations
of time-bound action plans to end recruitment and use of child soldiers and other
violations against children;
18. Emphasises there can be no military solution to the conflict in Darfur,
welcomes the commitment expressed by the Government of Sudan and some other
parties to the conflict to enter into talks and the political process under the
mediation, and in line with the deadlines set out in the roadmap, of the United
S/RES/1769 (2007)
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Nations Special Envoy for Darfur and the African Union Special Envoy for Darfur,
who have its full support, looks forward to these parties doing so, calls on the other
parties to the conflict to do likewise, and urges all the parties, in particular the
non-signatory movements, to finalise their preparations for the talks;
19. Welcomes the signature of a Joint Communiqué between the Government
of Sudan and the United Nations on Facilitation of Humanitarian Activities in
Darfur, and calls for it to be fully implemented and on all parties to ensure, in
accordance with relevant provisions of international law, the full, safe and
unhindered access of relief personnel to all those in need and delivery of
humanitarian assistance, in particular to internally displaced persons and refugees;
20. Emphasises the need to focus, as appropriate, on developmental
initiatives that will bring peace dividends on the ground in Darfur, including in
particular, finalising preparations for reconstruction and development, return of
IDPs to their villages, compensation and appropriate security arrangements;
21. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council for its
consideration no later than every 90 days after the adoption of this resolution on
progress being made on, and immediately as necessary on any obstacles to:
(a) the implementation of the Light and Heavy Support Packages and
UNAMID,
(b) the implementation of the Joint Communiqué between the Government of
Sudan and the United Nations on Facilitation of Humanitarian Activities in Darfur,
(c) the political process,
(d) the implementation of the Darfur Peace Agreement and the parties’
compliance with their international obligations and their commitments under
relevant agreements, and
(e) the cease-fire and the situation on the ground in Darfur;
22. Demands that the parties to the conflict in Darfur fulfil their international
obligations and their commitments under relevant agreements, this resolution and
other relevant Council resolutions;
23. Recalls the reports of the Secretary-General of 22 December 2006
(S/2006/1019) and 23 February 2007 (S/2007/97) which detail the need to improve
the security of civilians in the regions of eastern Chad and north-eastern Central
African Republic, expresses its readiness to support this endeavour, and looks
forward to the Secretary-General reporting on his recent consultations with the
Governments of Chad and CAR;
24. Emphasises its determination that the situation in Darfur shall
significantly improve so that the Council can consider, in due course and as
appropriate, and taking into consideration recommendations of the Secretary-
General and the Chairperson of the African Union, the drawing down and eventual
termination of UNAMID;
25. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Topics
Sudan
Year
2007
Title
Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan
Related with resolutions
1325 1502 1556 1590 1612 1674
Quoted in resolutions
1778 1779 1828 1834 1841 1861 1881 1913 1922 1923 1935 2003 2063 2113 2173 2228 2363 2425
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA BEL COG GHA IDN ITA PAN PER QAT SVK ZAF