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Resolution 2003

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan


S/RES/2003 (2011)
Security Council Distr.: General
29 July 2011
11-43885 (E)
Resolution 2003 (2011)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6597th meeting,
on 29 July 2011
The Security Council,
Reaffirming all its previous resolutions and presidential statements concerning
the situation in Sudan and underlining the importance of full compliance with these,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, unity, independence and
territorial integrity of Sudan and its determination to work with the Government of
Sudan, in full respect of its sovereignty, to assist in tackling the various challenges
in Sudan,
Recalling also its previous resolutions 1674 (2006) and 1894 (2009) on the
protection of civilians in armed conflict, which reaffirm, inter alia, the relevant
provisions of the United Nations World Summit outcome document; 1612 (2005)
1882 (2009), and 1998 (2011) on children and armed conflict; 1502 (2003) on the
protection of humanitarian and United Nations personnel, and 1325 (2000) and
associated resolutions on women, peace and security and children and armed
Recalling its resolutions reaffirming that there can be no peace without justice,
and recalling the importance that the Council attaches to ending impunity and to
ensuring justice for crimes committed in Darfur,
Bearing in mind the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 28 July
1951 and its additional protocol of 16 December 1966, along with the 1969
Convention of the Organization of African Unity governing the specific aspects of
refugee problems in Africa, as well as the African Union Convention of 29 October
2009, on the Protection of and Assistance to of internally displaced persons in
Recalling the report on Children and Armed Conflict in Sudan dated
10 February 2009 (S/2009/84), including its recommendations, and recalling the
conclusions endorsed by the Security Council Working Group on Children and
Armed Conflict in Sudan (S/AC.51/2009/5), and recalling the report of the
Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict in Sudan dated 5 July 2011
S/RES/2003 (2011)
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Expressing its strong commitment and determination to support the African
Union (AU)-UN Darfur peace process hosted by the State of Qatar, and deploring
the fact that some groups continue to refuse to join this process and strongly urging
them to do so without further delay or preconditions,
Welcoming the outcome of the 31 May 2011 All Darfur Stakeholders
Conference (ADSC), and the signature on 14 July of the Agreement between the
Government of Sudan and the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM) on the
adoption of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) as a important step
forward in the peace process, and as a basis for consultations on an impartial DPP
held in the necessary enabling environment, and calling on the Government of
Sudan and all the armed movements to make every effort to reach a comprehensive
peace settlement on the basis of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, and to
agree a permanent ceasefire without delay,
Welcoming the establishment of the Implementation Follow-up Committee
(IFC), chaired by the State of Qatar, and Qatar’s continued engagement with the AU
and the UN to support an internationally facilitated Darfur peace process, including
the Government of Sudan and all the armed movements; encouraging the AU and
the UN actively to pursue their efforts,
Underlining, without prejudice to the Security Council’s primary responsibility
for the maintenance of international peace and security, the importance of the
partnership between the UN and the AU, consistent with Chapter VIII of the UN
Charter, with regard to the maintenance of peace and security in Africa, particularly
in Sudan, and welcoming, in particular, the efforts of the AU High Level
Implementation Panel for Sudan under the leadership of President Mbeki working in
cooperation with UNAMID, to address in a comprehensive and inclusive manner the
challenges of peace, justice and reconciliation in Darfur,
Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General of 08 July (S/2011/422) on
Stressing the need for the Council to pursue a rigorous, strategic approach to
peacekeeping deployments, with a view to enhancing the effectiveness of
peacekeeping missions; welcoming and further encouraging the increasingly full
implementation by UNAMID of its Chapter VII mandate, and underlining, in this
regard, the importance of addressing the requirement for UNAMID to be able to
deter threats to the implementation of its mandate, and the safety and security of its
peacekeeping personnel in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,
Expressing deep concern at the deteriorating security situation in some parts of
Darfur, including ceasefire violations, attacks by rebel groups, aerial bombardment
by the Government of Sudan, inter-tribal fighting, attacks on humanitarian
personnel and peacekeepers, which have restricted humanitarian access to conflict
areas where vulnerable civilian populations reside, as contained in the report in the
Secretary-General, and the displacement of tens of thousands of civilians, and
calling on all parties to cease hostilities, including all acts of violence committed
against civilians, and urgently facilitate unhindered humanitarian access,
Expressing its concern at the return to hostilities between the Government of
Sudan and the Sudan Liberation Army, Minni Minawi faction (SLA/MM), and the
ongoing hostilities between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan Liberation
Army, Abdul Wahid faction (SLA/AW), and the Justice and Equality Movement
S/RES/2003 (2011)
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(JEM), and reiterating that there can be no military solution to the conflict in
Darfur, and that an inclusive political settlement is essential to re-establishing
Reiterating its condemnation of all violations of international human rights
and humanitarian law in Darfur and in relation to Darfur, calling on all parties to
comply with their obligations under international human rights and humanitarian
law, emphasizing the need to bring to justice the perpetrators of such crimes, and
urging the Government of Sudan to comply with its obligations in this respect,
Reaffirming its concern over the negative effect of the ongoing violence in
Darfur on the stability of Sudan as a whole as well as the region, welcoming
improved relations between Sudan and Chad, as well as the deployment of a joint
force, including forces from the Central African Republic (CAR) under a joint
command along the border, and encouraging Sudan, Chad and CAR to continue to
cooperate in order to achieve peace and stability in Darfur and the wider region,
Expressing concern about alleged links between armed movements in Darfur
and groups outside Darfur,
Determining that the situation in Sudan constitutes a threat to international
peace and security,
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNAMID as set out in resolution 1769
(2007) for a further 12 months to 31 July 2012;
2. Welcomes the Secretary-General’s intention to review, in consultation
with the African Union, the uniformed personnel required for UNAMID to ensure
the most efficient and effective implementation of the mission’s mandate, and
requests the Secretary-General to report on this issue within the framework set out
in paragraph 13 and no later than 180 days from the adoption of this resolution;
3. Underlines the need for UNAMID to make full use of its mandate and
capabilities, giving priority in decisions about the use of available capacity and
resources to (a) the protection of civilians across Darfur, including through
proactive deployment and patrols in areas at high risk of conflict, securing IDP
camps and adjacent areas, and implementation of a mission-wide early warning
strategy and capacity and (b) ensuring safe, timely and unhindered humanitarian
access, and the safety and security of humanitarian personnel and humanitarian
activities, so as to facilitate the unimpeded delivery of humanitarian assistance
throughout Darfur; and requests UNAMID to maximise the use of its capabilities, in
cooperation with the UN Country Team and other international and non
governmental actors, in the implementation of its mission-wide comprehensive
strategy for the achievement of these objectives;
4. Reaffirms the importance of promoting the AU-UN led peace and
political process for Darfur, and welcomes the priority given to UNAMID’s
continuing efforts to support and complement this work in accordance with
paragraphs 6, 7 and 8 below, and welcomes the efforts of the AU High Level Panel
for Sudan in this regard;
5. Emphasizes UNAMID’s Chapter VII mandate, as defined in resolution
1769, to deliver its core tasks to protect civilians without prejudice to the primary
responsibility of the Government of Sudan and to ensure the freedom of movement
and security of UNAMID’s own personnel and humanitarian workers;
S/RES/2003 (2011)
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6. Demands that all parties to the conflict, including all armed movements
engage immediately and without preconditions to make every effort to reach a
permanent ceasefire and a comprehensive peace settlement on the basis of the Doha
Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD), in order to bring a stable and durable peace
to the region;
7. Recognizes, in this context, the potential complementary role of a Darfurbased
Political Process (DPP) led by the AU and the UN; calls on the Government
of Sudan and the armed movements to contribute to the creation of the necessary
enabling environment for a DPP that allows the systematic and sustained
engagement of all Darfurian stakeholders in constructive and open dialogue; notes
that, despite some positive developments in the peace process, important elements
of the necessary enabling environment for a DPP, including but not limited to
respect for the civil and political rights of participants, such that they can exercise
their views without fear of retribution, freedom of speech and assembly to permit
open consultations, freedom of movement of participants and UNAMID,
proportional participation among Darfurians, freedom from harassment, arbitrary
arrest, and intimidation, and freedom from interference by the Government or the
armed movements, are not yet in place;
8. Requests the Secretary-General to include in his regular reports referred
to in paragraph 13 below, assessments of the elements set out in paragraph 7 above
to enable the Council, taking into account the views of the AU, to determine
UNAMID’s further engagement in support of the DPP;
9. Welcomes the Secretary-General’s intention to develop a roadmap for the
Darfur peace process, and requests the Secretary-General, in this regard, to work in
close consultation with the AU, also consulting, as appropriate, all Sudanese
stakeholders and the Implementation Follow-up Committee (IFC), and taking into
account paragraphs 6, 7 and 8 above, and requests the Secretary-General to report to
the Council on the roadmap in his next 90-day report;
10. Commends the contribution of troop and police contributing countries
and donors to UNAMID; strongly condemns all attacks on UNAMID; underlines
that any attack or threat of attack on UNAMID is unacceptable; demands that there
be no recurrence of such attacks, stresses the need to enhance the safety and security
of UNAMID personnel, as well as the need to bring an end to impunity for those
who attack peacekeepers, and in this regard urges the Government of Sudan to do its
utmost to bring the perpetrators of any such crimes to justice;
11. Commends the credible work of the Tripartite Mechanism but expresses
deep concern at continuing restrictions placed upon UNAMID movement and
operations, particularly to areas of recent conflict; calls on all parties in Darfur to
remove all obstacles to UNAMID’s full and proper discharge of its mandate,
including by ensuring its security and freedom of movement; and in this regard,
demands that the Government of Sudan comply with the Status of Forces Agreement
fully and without delay, particularly regarding flight and equipment clearances, the
removal of all obstacles to the use of UNAMID aerial assets, and the timely
provision of visas for UNAMID personnel; deplores the continued delays in the
provision of such visas, which threaten seriously to undermine the ability of the
mission to implement its mandate and urges the Government of Sudan to deliver on
its welcome commitment to clear the backlog of visa applications; and expresses
deep concern that UNAMID national staff members were detained by the
S/RES/2003 (2011)
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Government of Sudan in violation of the Status of Forces Agreement, and demands
that the Government of Sudan respect the rights of UNAMID personnel under the
12. Demands that UNAMID be given a licence for its own radio transmitter
in line with the provisions of the Status of Forces Agreement, so that it can
communicate freely with all Darfuri stakeholders;
13. Requests the Secretary-General to continue reporting to the Council
every 90 days on progress made towards implementing UNAMID’s mandate across
Darfur, including on progress towards and obstacles to the implementation of the
strategy referred to in paragraph 3 above, also including an assessment of progress
against the benchmarks and indicators set out in Annex II of the report of the
Secretary-General of 16 November 2009 as well, the security and humanitarian
situation, including in the IDP sites and refugee camps, human rights, violations of
international humanitarian and human rights law, and early recovery and all parties
compliance with their international obligations;
14. Demands that all parties to the conflict in Darfur immediately end
violence, attacks on civilians, peacekeepers and humanitarian personnel, and
comply with their obligations under international human rights and humanitarian
law; affirms, in this context, the Council’s condemnation of serious violations of
international humanitarian law and human rights law; calls for an immediate
cessation of hostilities and for all parties to commit themselves to a sustained and
permanent ceasefire; requests the Secretary-General to consult with relevant parties
with a view to developing a more effective ceasefire monitoring mechanism; and
underlines the need for UNAMID to report on major instances of violence which
undermines the parties’ full and constructive efforts towards peace;
15. Expresses its serious concern at the deterioration of the humanitarian
situation in some parts of Darfur, the continued threats to humanitarian
organisations, and the restricted humanitarian access in Darfur resulting from
increased insecurity, attacks against humanitarian workers, denial of access by the
parties to the conflict, calls for the full implementation of the Communiqué between
the Government of Sudan and the United Nations on Facilitation of Humanitarian
Activities in Darfur, including regarding the timely issuance of visas and travel
permits for humanitarian organisations; and demands that the Government of Sudan,
all militias, armed groups and all other stakeholders ensure the full, safe and
unhindered access of humanitarian organizations and relief personnel and the
delivery of humanitarian assistance to populations in need and underscores the
importance of upholding the principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence
in the provision of humanitarian assistance;
16. Condemns human rights violations in, and relating to, Darfur, including
arbitrary arrests and detentions, expresses deep concern about the situation of all
those so detained, including civil society members and IDPs, and emphasizes the
importance of ensuring UNAMID, within its current mandate, and other relevant
organisations’ ability to monitor such cases; calls on the Government of Sudan fully
to respect its obligations, including by fulfilling its commitment to lift the state of
emergency in Darfur, releasing all political prisoners, allowing free expression and
undertaking effective efforts to ensure accountability for serious violations of
international human rights and humanitarian law, by whomsoever perpetrated, and
emphasizes the importance of UNAMID acting to promote human rights, bring
S/RES/2003 (2011)
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abuses to the attention of the authorities, and to report gross violations to the
Security Council;
17. Notes that conflict in one area of Sudan affects other areas of Sudan and
the wider region; and urges close co-ordination among UN missions in the region,
including UNAMID, the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA)
and the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), and requests the
Secretary-General to ensure effective inter-mission cooperation;
18. Stresses the importance of achieving dignified and durable solutions for
refugees and internally displaced persons, and of ensuring their full participation in
the planning and management of these solutions, demands that all parties to the
conflict in Darfur create the conditions conducive to allowing the voluntary, safe,
dignified and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced persons or their
local integration; notes potentially encouraging reports of some voluntary returns of
IDPs to their villages and places of origin, as indicated in the report of the
Secretary-General, stresses the importance of the Joint Verification Mechanism in
verifying the voluntariness of returns and expresses deep concern over some
bureaucratic obstacles that undermine its effectiveness and independence;
19. Notes that security and freedom of movement will greatly facilitate early
recovery initiatives and a return to normalcy in Darfur; stresses the importance of
early recovery efforts in Darfur when such interventions are suitable, and in this
respect encourages UNAMID, within its current mandate, to facilitate the work of
the UN Country Team and expert agencies on early recovery and reconstruction in
Darfur, inter alia through the provision of area security; calls on all parties to
provide unhindered access and on the Government of Sudan to lift all access
restrictions, work to resolve the root causes of the Darfur crisis and to increase
investment in early recovery activity;
20. Commends the outcome of the Darfur International Conference on water
held in Khartoum on 27 and 28 June 2011 as a step towards sustainable peace, and
calls on UNAMID, where consistent with its mandate, and all other UN agencies in
particular UNICEF, UNDP, UNEP, as well as international actors and donors to meet
their commitments made in that conference;
21. Expresses deep concern over the persistent localized conflicts and
violence and their effect on civilians, but, in this context, notes a reduction in inter
tribal clashes and calls on all parties to put an end to such clashes and to pursue
reconciliation; expresses deep concern over the proliferation of arms, in particular
small arms and light weapons, and, in this regard, requests UNAMID to continue to
support local conflict resolution mechanisms, to monitor whether any arms or
related material are present in Darfur in accordance with its mandate as set out in
paragraph 9 of resolution 1769, and in this context, to continue to cooperate with the
Panel of Experts established by resolution 1591 (2005) in order to facilitate their
22. Demands that the parties to the conflict immediately take appropriate
measures to protect civilians, including women and children, from all forms of
sexual violence, in line with resolution 1820 (2008); and requests UNAMID to
report on sexual and gender based violence, as well as to assess progress towards
the elimination of sexual and gender-based violence, and further emphasizes the
need to include protection to women and children from sexual violence and gender
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based violence, as part of the mission-wide Protection of Civilians strategy
identified in paragraph 3 above, and requests the Secretary-General to ensure that
the relevant provisions of resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889
(2009) and 1960 (2010) are implemented by UNAMID, including the participation
of women through the appointment of women protection advisors, and to include
information on this in his reporting to the Council;
23. Requests the Secretary-General to ensure (a) continued monitoring and
reporting, as part of the reports referred to in paragraph 13 above, of the situation of
children and (b) continued dialogue with the parties to the conflict towards the
preparation of time bound action plans to end the recruitment and use of child
soldiers and other violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law
against children;
24. Requests the Secretary-General periodically to review and update the
concept of operations and rules of engagement of UNAMID in line with the
mission’s mandate under relevant Security Council resolutions and to report, as part
of the reports referred to in paragraph 13 above, on this to the Security Council and
troop-contributing countries;
25. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan
Related with resolutions
1325 1502 1591 1612 1674 1769 1820 1882 1888 1889 1894 1960 1998
Security Council Composition