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Resolution 2061

The situation concerning Iraq


S/RES/2061 (2012)
Security Council Distr.: General
25 July 2012
12-43915 (E)
Resolution 2061 (2012)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6815th meeting, on
25 July 2012
The Security Council,
Recalling all its previous relevant resolutions on Iraq, in particular 1500 (2003),
1546 (2004), 1557 (2004), 1619 (2005), 1700 (2006), 1770 (2007), 1830 (2008), 1883
(2009), 1936 (2010), and 2001 (2011),
Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of
Emphasizing the importance of the stability and security of Iraq for the people
of Iraq, the region, and the international community,
Encouraging the Government of Iraq to continue strengthening democracy and
the rule of law, improving security and public order and combating terrorism and
sectarian violence across the country, and reiterating its support to the people and
the Government of Iraq in their efforts to build a secure, stable, federal, united and
democratic nation, based on the rule of law and respect for human rights,
Welcoming improvements in the security situation in Iraq achieved through
concerted political and security efforts and stressing that challenges to security in
Iraq still exist and that improvements need to be sustained through meaningful
political dialogue and national unity,
Underscoring the need for all communities in Iraq to participate in the
political process and an inclusive political dialogue, to refrain from making
statements and actions which could aggravate tensions, to reach a comprehensive
solution on the distribution of resources, and to ensure stability and develop a just
and fair solution for the nation’s disputed internal boundaries and work towards
national unity,
Reaffirming the importance of the United Nations, in particular the United
Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), in advising, supporting and assisting
the Iraqi people, including civil society, and Government to strengthen democratic
institutions, advance inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation according
to the Constitution, facilitate regional dialogue, develop processes acceptable to the
Government of Iraq to resolve disputed internal boundaries, aid youth and vulnerable
groups including refugees and internally displaced persons, promote the protection
S/RES/2061 (2012)
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of human rights, gender equality, youth, and vulnerable groups, and promote judicial
and legal reform, and emphasizing the importance of the United Nations, in particular
UNAMI, prioritizing advice, support, and assistance to the Iraqi people, including
civil society, and Government to achieve these goals,
Urging the Government of Iraq to continue to promote and protect human rights
and also to consider additional steps to support the Independent High Commission for
Human Rights in carrying out its mandate,
Recognizing the efforts of the Government of Iraq in the promotion and
protection of the human rights of women and reaffirming its resolutions 1325
(2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010) on women, peace,
and security and reiterating the need for the full, equal, and effective participation
of women; reaffirming the key role women can play in re-establishing the fabric of
society and stressing the need for their full political participation, including in the
development of national strategies in order to take into account their perspectives,
Expressing the importance of addressing humanitarian issues confronting the
Iraqi people and stressing the need to continue to form a coordinated response and
to provide adequate resources to address these issues,
Underscoring the sovereignty of the Government of Iraq, reaffirming that all
parties should continue to take all feasible steps and to develop modalities to ensure
the protection of affected civilians, including children, women and members of
religious and ethnic minority groups, and should create conditions conducive to the
voluntary, safe, dignified, and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced
persons or local integration of internally displaced persons, welcoming commitments
and encouraging continued efforts of the Government of Iraq for the relief of
internally displaced persons, refugees and returnees, and noting the important role of
the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, based on its
mandate, in providing continued advice and support to the Government of Iraq, in
coordination with UNAMI on these issues,
Urging all those concerned, as set forth in international humanitarian law,
including the Geneva Conventions and the Hague Regulations, to allow full
unimpeded access by humanitarian personnel to all people in need of assistance, and
to make available, as far as possible, all necessary facilities for their operations, and
to promote the safety, security, and freedom of movement of humanitarian personnel
and United Nations and its associated personnel and their assets,
Welcoming the important progress Iraq has made towards regaining the
international standing it held prior to the adoption of resolution 661 (1990), calling
on the Government of Iraq to continue ongoing cooperation with the Government of
Kuwait to address outstanding issues and to meet its outstanding obligations under
the relevant Chapter VII Security Council resolutions pertaining to the situation
between Iraq and Kuwait and underscoring the importance of finalizing the
ratification of the Additional Protocol to its Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement,
Recognizing the recent positive developments in Iraqi-Kuwait bilateral
relations, particularly in light of Prime Minister Nuri al-Mailiki’s visit to Kuwait
and Emir Shaikh Sabah Al Ahmad’s visit to Baghdad for the League of Arab States
summit, as well as the positive outcome of the second session of the Joint Kuwait-Iraq
Ministerial Committee, calling on both States to continue to act in a spirit that builds
S/RES/2061 (2012)
12-43915 3
further confidence and cooperation, which should contribute to the strengthening of
their good-neighbourly relations and enhancing regional stability,
Expressing deep gratitude to all the United Nations staff in Iraq for their
courageous and tireless efforts, and commending the leadership of the Secretary-
General’s Special Representative for Iraq, Martin Kobler,
1. Decides to extend the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission
for Iraq (UNAMI) for a period of twelve months;
2. Decides further that the Special Representative of the Secretary-General
and UNAMI, at the request of the Government of Iraq, and taking into account the
letter from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iraq to the Secretary-General
(S/2012/520, annex), shall continue to pursue their mandate as stipulated in
resolution 2001 (2011);
3. Recognizes that security of United Nations personnel is essential for
UNAMI to carry out its work for the benefit of the people of Iraq and calls upon the
Government of Iraq to continue to provide security and logistical support to the
United Nations presence in Iraq;
4. Welcomes the contributions of Member States in providing UNAMI with
the financial, logistical, and security resources and support that it needs to fulfil its
mission and calls upon Member States to continue to provide UNAMI with
sufficient resources and support;
5. Expresses its intention to review the mandate of UNAMI in twelve
months or sooner, if requested by the Government of Iraq;
6. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every four months
on the progress made towards the fulfilment of all UNAMI’s responsibilities;
7. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

The situation concerning Iraq
Related with resolutions
661 1325 1500 1546 1557 1619 1700 1770 1820 1830 1883 1888 1889 1936 1960 2001
Quoted in resolutions
2110 2169 2233 2299 2367 2421 2470 2522 2576 2631
Security Council Composition