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Resolution 2682

The situation concerning Iraq (UNAMI).


Resolution 2682 (2023)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 9331st meeting, on 30 May 2023
The Security Council,
Recalling all its previous relevant resolutions on Iraq, in particular 1500 (2003), 1546 (2004), 1557 (2004), 1619 (2005), 1700 (2006), 1770 (2007), 1830 (2008), 1883 (2009), 1936 (2010), 2001 (2011), 2061 (2012), 2110 (2013), 2169 (2014), 2233 (2015), 2299 (2016), 2379 (2017), 2421 (2018), 2470 (2019), 2522 (2020), 2576 (2021), 2631 (2022), and reiterating resolutions 2107 (2013) and 2621 (2022) on the situation between Iraq and Kuwait, and the values set forth in 2367 (2017),
Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty, unity, and territorial integrity of Iraq, and emphasizing the importance of the stability, prosperity, and security of Iraq for the people of Iraq, the region, and the international community, particularly in light of Iraq’s territorial victory over ISIL (Da’esh), and encouraging the international community to continue supporting Iraq in this regard,
Supporting Iraq in addressing the challenges it faces as it continues its stabilization efforts, including the ongoing fight against terrorism and ISIL (Da’esh), Al-Qaida and their affiliates, consistent with its obligations under international law including international human rights law and international humanitarian law and continues the task of recovery, reconstruction, stabilization and reconciliation, including the requirement to meet the needs of all Iraqis, including women, youth, children, displaced persons, and persons belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, recognizing the threat of explosive ordinance and its impact on civilians, including children, and welcoming efforts to clear areas of such devices,
Welcoming the confirmation of Iraqi Prime Minister Mohammed S. Al-Sudani’s government by the Council of Representatives,
Encouraging the recently formed government to deliver on reforms, aimed at meeting the Iraqi people’s legitimate aspirations, to address corruption, respect and protect the human rights of all individuals in Iraq, promote accountability for human rights violations and abuses, deliver essential services, diversify the economy, create jobs, improve governance, combat climate change and environmental and water-related challenges, and strengthen viable and responsive state institutions, including the security sector,
Recognizing the Government of Iraq’s efforts to that effect, and calling for State institutions to redouble efforts to pursue accountability for those responsible for human rights violations and abuses including t he killing, serious injury, abduction or
disappearance of demonstrators and journalists, including women and to safeguard
and respect the rule of law and the right to freedom of expression,
Welcoming the Government of Iraq’s efforts to assist internally displaced
persons and displaced Iraqis in Syria to return and reintegrate to their areas of origin
or resettle elsewhere in Iraq, encouraging again international support for those
efforts, and stressing the importance of achieving dignified, safe and durable
solutions undertaken on a voluntary and informed basis,
Recognizing the progress the Government of Iraq has made in implementing the
Yazidi Survivors Law, establishing the General Directorate for Survivors Affairs and
disbursing the first payments to survivors and victims, noting that the lack of
inclusion of children born of conflict-related sexual violence needs to be addressed,
including all administrative obstacles to obtain registration and documentation for
these children, acknowledging the need to ensure a survivor-centered approach in
which reparations and redress measures are continued, and evidentiary standards and
requirements are not overly burdensome, discriminatory, or risk re -traumatizing and
calling on the Government of Iraq to hold perpetrators of conflict -related sexual and
gender-based violence accountable and provide mental health and psychosocial
support to all survivors and victims,
Recognizing that the adverse effects of climate change, ecological ch anges, and
natural disasters, among other factors, can contribute to desertification and drought,
sand and dust storms, adversely impact food security, water scarcity, livelihoods, and
the humanitarian situation, and aggravate any existing instability, emphasizing the
need for comprehensive risk assessments by the Government of Iraq with the support
of the United Nations, upon the request of the Government of Iraq, to take meaningful
actions to adapt to or mitigate challenges posed by climate change and eco logical
change, acknowledging the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change and the Paris Agreement, and welcoming the Government of Iraq’s efforts to
that effect, in particular noting the Government of Iraq’s accession to the UN Water
Convention and the Iraq Climate Conference as well as the third Baghdad
International Water Conference in 2023,
Calling on the international community to support durable solutions and
development efforts while the Government of Iraq assumes responsibility for the
provision of humanitarian services,
Noting the Government of Iraq’s support for an Independent Strategic Review
shared in the letter dated 18 May 2023 from the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister
of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iraq H.E. Fuad Hussein addressed to the
Secretary-General of the United Nations,
1. Decides to extend the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission
for Iraq (UNAMI) until 31 May 2024;
2. Requests that the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and
UNAMI, at the request of the Government of Iraq, shall:
(a) prioritize the provision of advice, support, and assistance t o the
Government and people of Iraq on advancing inclusive political dialogue and national
and community-level reconciliation, with the full, equal, and meaningful participation
of women, taking into account civil society and youth input;
(b) further advise, support, and assist:
(i) the Government of Iraq, the Independent High Electoral Commission and
other Iraqi institutions with efforts to strengthen electoral preparation and
processes to ensure free and fair elections, including provincial elections and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq parliamentary elections, carried out with
transparent processes, including through regular technical reviews and detailed
reporting on electoral preparations and processes, as part of the Secretary -
General’s regular reporting cycle;
(ii) the Government of Iraq and the Council of Representatives on
constitutional review, the implementation of constitutional provisions, as well
as on the development of processes acceptable to the Government of Iraq to
resolve disputed internal boundaries;
(iii) the Government of Iraq with progress on security sector reform, including
by prioritizing the planning, funding, and implementation of efforts to
strengthen state control and age appropriate and gender-responsive reintegration
programmes for former members of armed groups, where and as appropriate, in
coordination with other multinational entities;
(iv) the Government of Iraq on facilitating regional dialogue and cooperation,
including on issues of border security, clearance of landmines , improvised
explosive devices and explosive remnants of war, energy, trade, environment,
water, adverse impacts of climate change in particular those contributing to
desertification and drought, resilience building, infrastructure, public health,
and refugees;
(c) promote, support, and facilitate, in coordination with the Government of
(i) the safe, timely, orderly, voluntary and dignified return or local
integration, as appropriate, of internally displaced persons, and displaced Iraqis
in Syria, including through the efforts of the UN Country Team, and timely
access to legal assistance and civil documentation for internally displaced
persons and displaced Iraqis in Syria, including persons at risk of statelessness,
particularly children without birth registration or other documentation of legal
(ii) the coordination and implementation of programmes to improve Iraq ’s
capacity to provide effective essential civil and social services, including health
care, inclusive of psychosocial support services, and education, for its people
and continue to support Iraq’s regional and international donor coordination
towards strengthening national ownership;
(iii) Iraqi, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and other efforts on
economic reform, capacity-building and setting conditions for sustainable
development and recovery and reconstruction including in areas affected by
terrorism, including through coordination with national and regional
organizations and, as appropriate, civil society, donors, a nd other international
(iv) the contributions of UN agencies, funds, and programmes to the objectives
outlined in this resolution under the unified leadership of the Secretary -General
through the Special Representative for Iraq, supported by their designated
(d) promote accountability and the protection of human rights, and judicial
and legal reform, with full respect for the sovereignty of Iraq, in order to strengthen
the rule of law and improve governance in Iraq, in addition to su pporting the work of
the UN Investigative Team to Promote Accountability for Crimes Committed by
Da’esh/ISIL (UNITAD) established in resolution 2379 (2017);
(e) approach gender mainstreaming as a crosscutting issue throughout its
mandate, including by consulting with diverse women ’s civil society groups, and toadvise and assist the Government of Iraq in ensuring to he full, equal and meaningful
participation, involvement and representation of women at a ll levels of decision
making, including in the context of elections and government formation, and the
promotion of women’s economic empowerment, by supporting the implementation of
the National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security consistent with resol ution
1325 (2000) and related resolutions, and the Joint Communique on Prevention and
Response to Conflict Related Sexual Violence;
(f) note the importance of treating children affected by armed confl ict
primarily as victims, and urge the Government of Iraq and UN Country Team to
strengthen child protection, including the reintegration of children in accordance with
Iraq’s national laws and Iraq’s obligations under international law, and to support the
implementation of the conclusions of the Security Council ’s Working Group on
Children and Armed Conflict; and
(g) actively support the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional
Government to work together and engage in regular and structured dialogue in order
to resolve outstanding issues, in a manner consistent with the unity of Iraq and its
constitution, including security provisions, budgetary arrangements and the
management of Iraq’s oil and gas resources, and to implement existing agreements,
including the 2020 Sinjar Agreement;
3. Requests that the Secretary-General, in line with best practices, conduct
and provide the Security Council, no later than 31 March 2024, with an independent
strategic review of UNAMI, in consultation with the Government of Iraq, in addition
to UN agencies, member States, regional organisations, independent experts and civil
society, and the Government of Kuwait, consistent with paragraph 4 of resolution
2107 (2013), including:
(a) assessing current threats to Iraq’s peace and security, assessing the
continued relevance of UNAMI’s tasks and priorities, and providing
recommendations to optimize UNAMI’s mandate, mission structure and staffing to
support the Government of Iraq in addressing the challenges of peace and security;
(b) further assessing the options to support the Government of Iraq in
strengthening effective regional cooperation on issues outlined in paragraph 2(b)(iv);
4. Recognizes that the security of UN personnel is essential for UNAMI to
carry out its work for the benefit of the people of Iraq and calls upon the Government
of Iraq to continue to provide security and logistical support to the UN presence in
5. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every four months
on the progress made towards the fulfilment of all UNAMI ’s responsibilities;
6. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Iraq, Terrorism, ISIL (da'esh)
The situation concerning Iraq (UNAMI).
Related with resolutions
1325 1500 1546 1557 1619 1700 1770 1830 1883 1936 2001 2061 2107 2110 2169 2233 2299 2367 2379 2421 2470 2522 2576 2621 2631
Security Council Composition