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Resolution 2119

Haiti

Abstract

S/RES/2119 (2013)
Security Council Distr.: General
10 October 2013
13-50820 (E)
*1350820*
Resolution 2119 (2013)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 7040th meeting, on
10 October 2013
The Security Council,
Reaffirming its previous resolutions on Haiti, in particular its resolutions 2070
(2012), 2012 (2011), 1944 (2010), 1927 (2010), 1908 (2010), 1892 (2009), 1840
(2008), 1780 (2007), 1743 (2007), 1702 (2006), 1658 (2006), 1608 (2005), 1576
(2004) and 1542 (2004),
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and unity of Haiti,
Recognizing that, over the past year, Haiti has taken steps toward stabilization,
including the establishment of the Transitional College of the Permanent Electoral
Council and the submission of a draft electoral law to National Assembly, which are
important to the holding of long overdue partial senatorial, municipal and local
elections,
Noting with concern that elections preparations are still experiencing delays
which could affect the holding of elections in 2013, as announced by the
Government of Haiti; calling on the Government of Haiti and all concerned actors to
hold free, fair, inclusive and credible elections as a matter of urgency in accordance
with the Constitution of Haiti to nurture political stability and create an environment
conducive to socioeconomic development,
Recognizing that the overall security situation remained relatively stable with
some improvement since the adoption of its resolution 2070 (2012), allowing
MINUSTAH to continue to drawdown and to adapt its configuration without
undermining the security and stability of Haiti, and recognizing the importance of
condition-based security-related decisions about the future of MINUSTAH,
Recognizing the critical role of MINUSTAH in ensuring stability and security
in Haiti, and commending MINUSTAH for continuing to assist the Government of
Haiti to ensure a secure and stable environment, and expressing gratitude to the
personnel of MINUSTAH and to their countries and paying tribute to those injured
or killed in the line of duty; commending also the wide range of reconstruction
efforts in Haiti and the successful work achieved by MINUSTAH’s military
engineering units,
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Underlining the need to further strengthen Haitian judicial and correctional
systems, in order to support a more integrated and cohesive Haitian security sector,
and noting the commitment by the Government of Haiti to strengthen the rule of law,
and to make further progress in security sector reform, and encouraging Haitian
authorities to continue to pursue efforts in that regard,
Reiterating the critical role of the Haitian National Police (HNP) to Haiti’s
security and stability; stressing the importance of the ongoing strengthening,
professionalization and reform of the HNP in order to enable it to assume full
responsibility for Haiti’s security; noting the progress made in the implementation
of the five-year 2012-2016 Haitian National Police Development Plan and
reiterating the importance of maintaining support for it, especially in the area of
recruitment and retention,
Recognizing the steps taken by the Superior Council of the Judiciary to carry
out its mandate and promote the strengthening of judicial independence, and
expressing the need to further address human rights concerns that still remain in the
corrections system, such as prolonged pretrial detentions, prison overcrowding and
sanitary conditions,
Acknowledging that while important progress has been made, Haiti continues
to face significant humanitarian challenges, with approximately 279,000 internally
displaced persons still dependent on assistance for their basic survival, an ongoing
cholera epidemic, and with living conditions in the camps that need to be further
addressed,
Emphasizing that progress in the reconstruction of Haiti, as well as in Haiti’s
social and economic development, including through effective, commendable
international development assistance and increased Haitian institutional capacity to
benefit from this assistance, are crucial to achieving lasting and sustainable stability,
and reiterating the need for security to be accompanied by social and economic
development, including efforts in risk reduction and preparedness that address the
country’s extreme vulnerability to natural disasters, efforts in which the Government
of Haiti plays a leading role,
Welcoming the continued development of the Government of Haiti’s
Framework for the Coordination of External Aid (CAED) as its preferred donor
coordination mechanism and venue for supporting the Government of Haiti’s
development priorities and welcoming also the increased joint programming of the
United Nations country team in Haiti in alignment with the Government-endorsed
Integrated Strategic Framework, and welcoming also the commitment to foster
greater alignment of international assistance with national priorities, increase
transparency and strengthen mutual accountability, as well as the need for stronger
coordination,
Noting the ongoing efforts by the Government of Haiti to control and eliminate
the cholera epidemic, and urging the United Nations entities in coordination with
other relevant actors to continue to support the Government of Haiti in addressing
the structural weaknesses, in particular in the water and sanitation systems, and
underscoring the importance of strengthening the Haitian national health institutions,
and recognizing United Nations efforts to combat cholera, including through the
Secretary-General’s initiative to support the National Plan for the Elimination of
Cholera; stressing the importance of adequate and sustainable support with
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particular attention to rapid and targeted medical responses to outbreaks designed to
reduce the threat,
Urging donors to complete the pledges made at the 2010 New York
Conference in order, inter alia, to help promote access to services and jobs for the
most vulnerable, and underlining the Government of Haiti’s responsibility to
provide clear guidance to donors on its priorities and to facilitate delivery of
assistance to those most in need,
Emphasizing the role of regional organizations in the ongoing process of
stabilization and reconstruction of Haiti and calling on MINUSTAH to continue to
work closely with international financial institutions, regional and subregional
organizations, and other stakeholders, in particular the Organization of the American
States (OAS), Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), and the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM),
Recognizing also the interconnected nature of the challenges in Haiti,
reaffirming that sustainable progress on security, the rule of law and institutional
reform, national reconciliation and development, including the combat against
unemployment and poverty, are mutually reinforcing, and welcoming the continuing
efforts of the Government of Haiti and the international community to address these
challenges, in line with the government’s priorities set forth in its “5Es” policy
programme (employment, education, environment, energy and the rule of law),
Welcoming the continued efforts of the HNP to patrol and enhance its presence
and engagement directly with the population; recognizing MINUSTAH’s continued
community policing efforts, in close coordination with camp committees, in camps
for internally displaced persons, and welcoming their engagement with the
population,
Acknowledging that sexual and gender-based violence remains a serious
concern, particularly in marginalized districts of Port-au-Prince, internally displaced
persons camps and remote areas of the country,
Recognizing that strengthening national human rights institutions as well as
respect for human rights and due process and combating criminality, sexual and
gender-based violence, and putting an end to impunity are essential to ensuring the
rule of law and security in Haiti; welcoming in this regard the establishment of the
inter-ministerial commission on human rights,
Reaffirming the authority of the Special Representative of the Secretary-
General in the coordination and conduct of all activities of United Nations agencies,
funds and programmes in Haiti, and reaffirming also its support to the Special
Representative of the Secretary-General’s role in ensuring optimal coordination and
collaboration between MINUSTAH and the United Nations country team in
connection with the aspects of their respective mandates that are correlated
particularly as part of MINUSTAH’s condition-based consolidation plan,
Underscoring the importance of adequately funding the Haitian National
Police to enhance its logistic, administrative and operational capacities, and
encouraging the Government of Haiti to take advantage of the support being
provided by the international community to guarantee the provision of adequate
security for the Haitian people and calling on all international partners to strengthen
their coordination in this regard,
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Welcoming the Secretary-General’s report S/2013 493 of 19 August 2013,
Mindful of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace
and security under the Charter of the United Nations,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, as described in
section 1 of operative paragraph 7 of resolution 1542 (2004),
1. Decides to extend the mandate of MINUSTAH as contained in its
resolutions 1542 (2004), 1608 (2005), 1702 (2006), 1743 (2007), 1780 (2007), 1840
(2008), 1892 (2009), 1908 (2010), 1927 (2010), 1944 (2010), 2012 (2011) and 2070
(2012) until 15 October 2014, with the intention of further renewal;
2. Decides that MINUSTAH’s overall force levels will consist of up to
5,021 troops, following a balanced withdrawal of infantry and engineering
personnel consistent with paragraph 54 of the Secretary-General’s report, and of a
police component composed of up to 2,601 personnel;
3. Affirms that adjustments to the force configuration should be based on
the security situation on the ground, taking into account the importance of
maintaining a secure and stable environment and the impact of social and political
realities on Haiti’s stability and security; the increasing development of Haitian
State capabilities, in particular the ongoing strengthening of the Haitian National
Police; and the national authorities’ increasing exercise of the Haitian State’s
responsibility for the maintenance of stability and security in the country; calls upon
MINUSTAH to maintain capacity to deploy troops rapidly throughout the country;
4. Takes note of the ongoing implementation of the conditions-based
consolidation plan of MINUSTAH; reiterates its objective of focusing the Mission’s
activities on a core set of mandated tasks achievable within a reasonable timeframe
as agreed with the Government of Haiti; takes note of paragraph 64 of the Secretary-
General’s report and looks forward to the proposals to be included in the next report
of the Secretary-General after consultations with the Government of Haiti and
Member States;
5. Recognizes the ownership and primary responsibility of the Government
and the people of Haiti over all aspects of the country’s stabilization; encourages
MINUSTAH to intensify its efforts to provide logistical and technical expertise,
within available means and consistent with its mandate, and coordinating as
appropriate with the United Nations country team and others active in stabilization
efforts, to assist as requested by the Government of Haiti, to continue to implement
decentralization efforts and build the capacity of its institutions at the national and
local levels, with a view to enhance further the Government of Haiti’s ability to
extend State authority throughout Haiti and promote good governance and rule of
law at all levels;
6. Urges Haiti’s political actors to work cooperatively to complete all steps,
including an electoral law, required to prepare for and hold long overdue free, fair,
and transparent senatorial, municipal, and local elections in accordance with the
Constitution of Haiti in order to ensure the continued functioning of the National
Assembly and other elected bodies;
7. Welcomes the Special Representative of the Secretary-General’s efforts to
support the political process under way in Haiti; reaffirms its call upon MINUSTAH
to continue to support this process; calls upon MINUSTAH to deliver and
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coordinate, as appropriate, international electoral assistance to the Government of
Haiti in cooperation with international stakeholders including the OAS, UNASUR,
and CARICOM as appropriate;
8. Recalls its resolution 1325 (2000) and encourages the Government of
Haiti, with the support of relevant stakeholders, to promote increased women’s
political participation in Haiti, in accordance with the Constitution of Haiti;
9. Reaffirms that, in the framework of the improvement of the rule of law in
Haiti, strengthening the capacity of the Haitian National Police (HNP) is paramount
for the Government of Haiti to take timely and full responsibility for the country’s
security needs, which is central to Haiti’s overall stability and future development;
10. Reiterates that the Haitian National Police’s capacity-building remains a
most critical task for MINUSTAH; requests MINUSTAH to continue its efforts to
strengthen the institutional and operational capacities of the Haitian National Police,
in particular by renewed efforts to mentor and train police and corrections personnel,
including at intermediate rank levels; calls on MINUSTAH to align skills of UNPOL
personnel to support these objectives and provide skilled trainers and technical
advisers;
11. Underlines the need to ensure effective support from the Government of
Haiti and its international and regional partners for the 2012-2016 HNP
Development Plan, in order to achieve the goals of a minimum of 15,000 fully
operational serving police officers by 2016, adequate logistic and administrative
capacity, accountability and respect for human rights and rule of law, a robust
vetting process, enhanced recruitment procedures and training, strengthened land
and maritime border control, and improved deterrence of transnational organized
crime;
12. Stresses the need for close coordination among MINUSTAH, donors, and
the Government of Haiti to enhance the effectiveness and sustainability of HNP
capacity-building efforts; requests also MINUSTAH to facilitate this coordination
and to continue to provide technical guidance to donor-funded projects as requested
for the rehabilitation and construction of police and corrections facilities as well as
for other projects aiming to support HNP’s institutional capacity as appropriate;
13. Encourages also MINUSTAH, in cooperation with the appropriate
international actors, to assist the Government in effectively tackling gang violence,
organized crime, drug trafficking and trafficking of persons especially children;
14. Encourages the Haitian authorities to continue to implement justice
reform by taking the necessary steps, including through ongoing support to the
Superior Council of the Judiciary, to ensure the independence and effectiveness of
the judicial institutions, and to continue to address the issue of prolonged pretrial
detentions and prison conditions and overcrowding, with special regard to women
and children held in detention;
15. Calls on all donors and partners, including international and
non-governmental organizations, to better coordinate their efforts and work closely
with the Haitian Government through its Framework for the Coordination of
External Aid (CAED), which is intended to help the Government ensure increased
transparency, national ownership and coordination of foreign assistance and to
strengthen the Government’s capacity to manage external assistance;
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16. Requests the United Nations country team, and calls upon all actors, to
complement security and development operations undertaken by the Government of
Haiti with the support of MINUSTAH with activities aimed at effectively improving
the living conditions of the concerned populations, in particular women and children;
17. Requests MINUSTAH, working in coordination with the United Nations
country team, to continue to implement quick-impact projects that contribute in
building a secure and stable environment and enhance national ownership and the
trust of the Haitian population towards MINUSTAH, particularly in the priority
areas identified by the Mission’s leadership and consistent with the Government of
Haiti’s priorities as appropriate;
18. Strongly condemns the grave violations against children affected
particularly by criminal gang violence, as well as widespread rape and other sexual
abuse of women and girls, and calls upon the Government of Haiti, with the support
of MINUSTAH and the United Nations country team, to continue to promote and
protect the rights of women and children as set out in Security Council resolutions
1325 (2000), 1612 (2005), 1820 (2008), 1882 (2009), 1888 (2009), and 1889 (2009),
and encourages all actors in the Haitian Government, the international community
and civil society to renew their efforts to eliminate sexual and gender-based
violence in Haiti; as well as to improve response to rape complaints and access to
justice for the victims of rape and other sexual crimes; encourages national
authorities to promote national legislation in this regard;
19. Encourages MINUSTAH to continue assisting the Government of Haiti
in providing adequate protection to the civilian population, with particular attention
to the needs of internally displaced persons and other vulnerable groups, especially
women and children, including through joint community policing in the camps, in
line with Security Council resolution 1894 (2009);
20. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to take the necessary
measures to ensure full compliance of all MINUSTAH personnel with the United
Nations zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse, and to keep the
Council informed, and urges troop- and police-contributing countries to redouble
efforts in preventing cases of misconduct and to ensure that acts involving their
personnel are properly investigated and punished;
21. Reaffirms MINUSTAH’s human rights mandate as an essential
component of the Mission and recognizes that respect for human rights is an
essential element for Haiti’s stability, in particular attention to individual
accountability for grave violations under past governments, urges the Government
to ensure with the support of the international community, as appropriate, the
respect and protection of human rights by the Haitian National Police and the
judiciary, and calls on MINUSTAH to provide monitoring and support in this regard;
22. Encourages MINUSTAH, within its mandate, to continue to use existing
means and capabilities, including its engineers, with a view to enhancing stability in
Haiti while fostering greater Haitian ownership in the context of its condition-based
consolidation plan;
23. Requests MINUSTAH to continue to pursue its community violence
reduction approach, in close collaboration with the Haitian Government, with a
particular focus on at-risk youth, women, the displaced and those living in violenceaffected
neighbourhoods and to ensure that this activity is coordinated with, and
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supports the work of, the United Nations country team to build local capacity in this
area;
24. Requests MINUSTAH to continue to support the Haitian authorities in
their efforts to control the flow of small arms, the development of a weapons
registry, the revision of current laws on importation and possession of arms, reform
of the weapons permit system and the development and implementation of a
national community policing doctrine;
25. Underscores the importance that planning documents for MINUSTAH’s
military and police components, such as the concept of operations and rules of
engagement, be regularly updated, as appropriate, and be in line with the provisions
of all its relevant resolutions, and requests the Secretary-General to report on them
to the Security Council and troop- and police-contributing countries;
26. Requests the Secretary-General to keep it regularly informed, and to report
to the Council on the implementation of MINUSTAH’s mandate, semi-annually and
not later than forty-five days prior to its expiration;
27. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to include in his reports a
comprehensive assessment of threats to security in Haiti, and to propose, as
appropriate, options regarding MINUSTAH’s further consolidation and
reconfiguration and to continue to present a progress report of the consolidation plan
as an annex to his next report;
28. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Topics
Haiti
Year
2013
Title
Haiti
Related with resolutions
1325 1542 1576 1608 1612 1658 1702 1743 1780 1820 1840 1882 1888 1889 1892 1894 1908 1927 1944 2012 2070
Quoted in resolutions
2180 2243 2313 2350
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA ARG AUS AZE GTM KOR LUX MAR PAK RWA TGO