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Resolution 2199

Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts

Abstract

S/RES/2199 (2015)
Security Council Distr.: General
12 February 2015
15-01924 (E)
*1501924*
Resolution 2199 (2015)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 7379th meeting, on
12 February 2015
The Security Council,
Reaffirming its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international
peace and security, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,
Reaffirming that terrorism in all forms and manifestations constitutes one of
the most serious threats to international peace and security and that any acts of
terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable regardless of their motiva tions, whenever
and by whomsoever committed,
Reaffirming the need to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter
of the United Nations and international law, including applicable international
human rights, refugee, and humanitarian law, threats to international peace and
security caused by terrorist acts, stressing in this regard the important role the
United Nations plays in leading and coordinating this effort,
Emphasizing that sanctions are an important tool under the Charter of the
United Nations in the maintenance and restoration of international peace and
security including countering terrorism, and underlining the importance of prompt
and effective implementation of relevant resolutions, in particular Security Council
resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) as key instruments in the fight against
terrorism,
Recalling its Resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011), 2161 (2014), 2170 (2014),
and 2178 (2014) and its Presidential Statements of 28 July 2014 and 19 November
2014, including its stated intention to consider additional measures to disrupt oil
trade by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Daesh),
Al-Nusrah Front (ANF) and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities
associated with Al-Qaida, as a source of terrorism financing,
Recognizing the importance of the role that financial sanctions play in
disrupting ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities
associated with Al-Qaida, and emphasizing also the need for a comprehensive
approach to fully disrupt ISIL and ANF that integrates multilateral strategies with
national action by Member States,S/RES/2199 (2015)
2/7 15-01924
Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the
Republic of Iraq and the Syrian Arab Republic, and reaffirming further the purposes
and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
Reaffirming also that terrorism cannot and should not be associated with any
religion, nationality, or civilization,
Stressing that terrorism can only be defeated by a sustained and
comprehensive approach involving the active participation and collaboration of all
States, and international and regional organizations to impede, impair, isolate and
incapacitate the terrorist threat,
Expressing, in this regard, its deep appreciation for Arab League Resolution
7804 (7 September 2014), the Paris Statement (15 September 2014), the FATF
statement on countering the financing of ISIL (24 October 2014) and the Manama
declaration on countering terrorist finance (9 November 2014),
Reaffirming its resolution 1373 (2001) and in particular its decisions that all
States shall prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts and refrain from
providing any form of support, active or passive, to entities or persons involved in
terrorist acts, including by suppressing recruitment of members of terrorist groups
and eliminating the supply of weapons to terrorists,
Recognizing the significant need to build capacities of Member States to
counter terrorism and terrorist finance,
Reiterating its deep concern that oilfields and their related infrastructure, as
well as other infrastructure such as dams and power plants, controlled by ISIL, ANF
and potentially other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with
Al-Qaida, are generating a significant portion of the groups’ income, alongside
extortion, private foreign donations, kidnap ransoms and stolen money from the
territory they control, which support their recruitment efforts and strengthen their
operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks,
Condemning in the strongest terms abductions of women and children,
expressing outrage at their exploitation and abuse, including rape, sexual abuse,
forced marriage, committed by ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups,
undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and encouraging all state and
non-state actors with evidence to bring it to the attention of the Council, along with
any information that human trafficking may support the perpetrators financially,
Reaffirming the obligation of Member States to freeze without delay funds and
other financial assets or economic resources of persons who commit, or attempt to
commit, terrorist acts or participate in or facilitate the commission of terrorist acts;
of entities owned or controlled directly or indirectly by such persons; and of persons
and entities acting on behalf of, or at the direction of such persons and entities,
including funds derived or generated from property owned or controlled directly or
indirectly by such persons and associated persons and entities,
Expressing its concern that economic resources such as oil, oil products,
modular refineries and related material, other natural resources including precious
metals such as gold, silver, and copper, diamonds, and any other assets are made
available to ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities
associated with Al-Qaida, and noting that direct or indirect trade with ISIL and ANF
in such materials could constitute a violation of the obligations imposed by
resolution 2161 (2014), S/RES/2199 (2015)
15-01924 3/7
Reminding all States of their obligation to ensure that any person who
participates in the financing, planning, preparation or perpetration of terrorist acts or
in supporting terrorist acts is brought to justice,
Reaffirming its decision 2133 (2014) and noting again that ransom payments
to terrorist groups are one of the sources of income which supports their recruitment
efforts, strengthens their operational capability to organize and carry out terro rist
attacks, and incentivizes future incidents of kidnapping for ransom,
Expressing concern at the increased use, in a globalized society, by terrorists
and their supporters, of new information and communications technologies, in
particular the Internet, to facilitate terrorist acts, as well as their use to incite,
recruit, fund or plan terrorist acts,
Expressing grave concern at the increased incidents of kidnapping and
hostage-murdering committed by ISIL, and condemning those heinous and cowardly
murders which demonstrate that terrorism is a scourge impacting all of humanity
and people from all regions and religions or belief,
Welcoming the report on ANF and ISIL from the Analytical Support and
Sanctions Monitoring Team, published on 14 November 2014, and taking note of its
recommendations,
Noting with concern the continued threat posed to international peace and
security by ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities
associated with Al-Qaida, and reaffirming its resolve to address all aspects of that
threat,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
Oil Trade
1. Condemns any engagement in direct or indirect trade, in particular of oil
and oil products, and modular refineries and related material, with ISIL, ANF and
any other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities designated as associated
with Al-Qaida by the Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989
(2011), and reiterates that such engagement would constitute support for such
individuals, groups, undertakings and entities and may lead to further listings by the
Committee;
2. Reaffirms that States are required by resolution 2161 (2014) to ensure
that their nationals and those in their territory not make assets or economic
resources, directly or indirectly, available to ISIL, ANF and all other individuals,
groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and notes that this
obligation applies to the direct and indirect trade in oil and refined oil products,
modular refineries and related material;
3. Reaffirms that States are required by resolution 2161 (2014) to freeze
without delay the funds and other financial assets or economic resources of ISIL,
ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with
Al-Qaida, including funds derived from property owned or controlled directly or
indirectly, by them or by persons acting on their behalf or at their direction;
4. Reaffirms that States are required by resolution 2161 (2014) to ensure
that no funds, other financial assets or economic resources are made available, S/RES/2199 (2015)
4/7 15-01924
directly or indirectly, by their nationals or by persons within their territory for the
benefit of ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities
associated with Al-Qaida;
5. Recalls that funds and other financial assets or economic resources made
available to or for the benefit of listed individuals or entities are not always held
directly by them, and recalls in addition that in identifying such funds and benefits,
States should be alert to the possibility that property owned or controlled indirectly
by the listed party may not be immediately visible;
6. Confirms that economic resources include oil, oil products, modular
refineries and related material, other natural resources, and any other assets which
are not funds but which potentially may be used to obtain funds, goods or services;
7. Emphasizes therefore that States are required by UN Security Council
resolution 2161 (2014) to freeze without delay funds, other financial assets and
economic resources of ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and
entities associated with Al-Qaida, including oil, oil products, modular refineries and
related material and other natural resources owned or controlled by them, or persons
acting on their behalf or at their direction, as well as any funds or negotiable benefit
arising from such economic resources;
8. Recognizes the need to take measures to prevent and suppress the
financing of terrorism, individual terrorists, and terrorist organizations, including
from the proceeds of organized crime, inter alia, the illicit production and
trafficking of drugs and their chemical precursors, and the importance of continued
international cooperation to that aim;
9. Emphasizes that States are required to ensure that their nationals and
persons in their territory not make available, directly or indirectly, any funds, other
financial assets or economic resources, including oil, oil products, modular
refineries and related material and other natural resources that are identified as
directed to, collected for, or otherwise for the benefit of ISIL, ANF, and other
individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, as well as
any funds or negotiable benefit arising from such economic resources;
10. Expresses concern that vehicles, including aircraft, cars and trucks and
oil tankers, departing from or going to areas of Syria and Iraq where ISIL, ANF or
any other groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida operate, could
be used to transfer oil and oil products, modular refineries and related material,
cash, and other valuable items including natural resources such as precious metals
and minerals like gold, silver, copper and diamonds, as well as grain, livestock,
machinery, electronics, and cigarettes by or on behalf of such entities for sale on
international markets, for barter for arms, or for use in other ways that would result
in violations of the asset freeze or arms embargo in paragraph 1 of resolution 2161
(2014) and encourages Member States to take appropriate steps in accordance with
international law to prevent and disrupt activity that would result in violations of the
asset freeze or targeted arms embargo in paragraph 1 of resolution 2161 (2014);
11. Reaffirms that all States shall ensure that any person who participates in
the financing, planning, preparation or perpetration of terrorist acts or in supporting
terrorist acts is brought to justice and ensure that such terrorist a cts are established
as serious criminal offenses in domestic laws and regulations and that the
punishment duly reflects the seriousness of such terrorist acts, and emphasizes that S/RES/2199 (2015)
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such support may be provided through trade in oil and refined oil products, modular
refineries and related material with ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups,
undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida;
12. Decides that Member States shall inform the 1267/1989 Committee
within 30 days of the interdiction in their territory of any oil, oil products, modular
refineries, and related material being transferred to or from ISIL or ANF, and calls
upon Member States to report to the Committee the outcome of proceedings brought
against individuals and entities as a result of such activity;
13. Encourages the submission of listing requests to the Committee by
Member States of individuals and entities engaged in oil trade-related activities with
ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated
with Al-Qaida and directs the 1267/1989 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee to
immediately consider designations of individuals and entities engaged in oil trade -
related activities with ISIL, the ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings
and entities associated with Al-Qaida;
14. Calls upon Member States to improve international, regional, and
subregional cooperation, including through increased sharing of information for the
purpose of identifying smuggling routes used by ISIL and ANF, and for Member
States to consider provision of technical assistance and capacity building to assist
other Member States to counter smuggling of oil and oil products, and modular
refineries and related material, by ISIL, ANF and any other individual, group,
undertaking or entity associated with Al-Qaida;
Cultural Heritage
15. Condemns the destruction of cultural heritage in Iraq and Syria
particularly by ISIL and ANF, whether such destruction is incidental or deliberate,
including targeted destruction of religious sites and objects;
16. Notes with concern that ISIL, ANF and other individuals, groups,
undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, are generating income from
engaging directly or indirectly in the looting and smuggling of cultural heritage
items from archaeological sites, museums, libraries, archives, and other sites in Iraq
and Syria, which is being used to support their recruitment efforts and strengthen
their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks;
17. Reaffirms its decision in paragraph 7 of resolution 1483 (2003) and
decides that all Member States shall take appropriate steps to prevent the trade in
Iraqi and Syrian cultural property and other items of archaeological, historical,
cultural, rare scientific, and religious importance illegally removed from Iraq since
6 August 1990 and from Syria since 15 March 2011, including by prohibiting crossborder
trade in such items, thereby allowing for their eventual safe return to the
Iraqi and Syrian people and calls upon the United Nations Educational, Scientific,
and Cultural Organization, Interpol, and other international organizations, as
appropriate, to assist in the implementation of this paragraph;
Kidnapping for Ransom and External Donations
18. Reaffirms its condemnation of incidents of kidnapping and hostagetaking
committed by ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and
entities associated with Al-Qaida for any purpose, including with the aim of raising S/RES/2199 (2015)
6/7 15-01924
funds or gaining political concessions and expresses its determination to prevent
kidnapping and hostage-taking committed by terrorist groups and to secure the safe
release of hostages without ransom payments or political concessions, in accordance
with applicable international law;
19. Reaffirms that the requirements of paragraph 1 (a) of resolution 2161
(2014) apply to the payment of ransoms to individuals, groups, undertakings or
entities on the Al-Qaida Sanctions List, regardless of how or by whom the ransom is
paid, emphasizes that this obligation applies to ISIL and ANF, and calls upon all
Member States to encourage private sector partners to adopt or to follow relevant
guidelines and good practices for preventing and responding to terrorist kidnappings
without paying ransom;
20. Reiterates its call upon all Member States to prevent terrorists from
benefiting directly or indirectly from ransom payments or from political concessions
and to secure the safe release of hostages, and reaffirms the need for all Member
States to cooperate closely during incidents of kidnapping and hostage-taking
committed by terrorist groups;
21. Expresses its grave concern of reports that external donations continue to
make their way to ISIL, ANF and other individuals, groups, undertakings and
entities associated with Al-Qaida, and recalls the importance of all Member States
complying with their obligation to ensure that their nationals and persons within
their territory do not make donations to individuals and entities designated by the
Committee or those acting on behalf of or at the direction of designated entities;
22. Stresses that donations from individuals and entities have played a role in
developing and sustaining ISIL and ANF, and that Member States have an obligation
to ensure that such support is not made available to those terrorist groups and other
individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida by their
nationals and persons within their territory, and urges Member States to address this
directly through enhanced vigilance of the international financial system and by
working with their non-profit and charitable organizations to ensure financial flows
through charitable giving are not diverted to ISIL, ANF or any other individuals,
groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida;
Banking
23. Urges Member States to take steps to ensure that financial institutions
within their territory prevent ISIL, ANF or other individuals, groups, undertakings
or entities associated with Al-Qaida from accessing the international financial
system;
Arms and related materiel
24. Reaffirms its decision that States shall prevent the direct or indirect
supply, sale, or transfer to ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings
and entities associated with Al-Qaida from their territories or by their nationals
outside their territories, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related
materiel of all types including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and
equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, and
technical advice, assistance or training related to military activities, as well as its
calls for States to find ways of intensifying and accelerating the exchange of S/RES/2199 (2015)
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operational information regarding traffic in arms, and to enhance coordination of
efforts on national, subregional, regional and international levels;
25. Expresses concern at the proliferation of all arms and related materiel of
all types, in particular man-portable surface-to-air missiles, to ISIL, ANF and all
other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, and
its potential impact on regional and international peace and security and impeding
efforts to combat terrorism in some cases;
26. Reminds Member States of their obligation pursuant to paragraph 1 (c) of
resolution 2161 (2014), to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of
arms and related materiel of all types to listed individuals and entities, including
ISIL and ANF;
27. Calls upon all States to consider appropriate measures to prevent the
transfer of all arms and related materiel of all types, in particular man-portable
surface-to-air missiles, if there is a reasonable suspicion that such arms and related
materiel would be obtained by ISIL, the ANF or other individuals, groups,
undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida;
Asset Freeze
28. Reaffirms that the requirements in paragraph 1 (a) of Security Council
resolution 2161 apply to financial and economic resources of every kind, includi ng
but not limited to those used for the provision of Internet hosting or related services,
used for the support of Al-Qaida and other individuals, groups, undertakings or
entities included on the Al-Qaida Sanctions List;
Reporting
29. Calls upon Member States to report to the Committee within 120 days on
the measures they have taken to comply with the measures imposed in this
resolution;
30. Requests the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team, in close
cooperation with other United Nations counter-terrorism bodies to conduct an
assessment of the impact of these new measures and to report to the Committee
established pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) within 150 days,
and thereafter to incorporate reporting on the impact of these new measures into
their reports to the Committee in order to track progress on implementation, identify
unintended consequences and unexpected challenges, and to help facilitate further
adjustments as required, and further requests the Committee established pursuant to
resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) to update the Security Council on the
implementation of this resolution as part of its regular oral reports to the Council on
the state of the overall work of the Committee and the Monitoring Team;
31. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Topics
International Peace and Security, Iraq, Syria, Terrorism
Year
2015
Title
Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts
Related with resolutions
1267 1373 1483 1989 2161 2170 2178
Quoted in resolutions
2214 2233 2249 2253 2254 2258 2268 2299 2322 2332 2347 2367 2368 2370 2379
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA CHL TCD NGA LTU JOR ESP NZL MYS VEN AGO