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Resolution 423

Southern Rhodesia


Resolution 423 (1978) of 14 March 1978
The Security Council,

Recalling its resolutions on the question of Southern Rhodesia and in particular resolution 415 (1977) of 29
September 1977,
Reaffirming that the continued existence of the illegal regime in Southern Rhodesia is a source of insecurity and
instability in the region and constitutes a serious threat to international peace and security,
Gravely concerned over the continued military operations by the illegal regime, including its acts of aggression
against neighbouring independent States,
Indignant at the continued executions of freedom fighters by the illegal regime,
Considering the need for urgent measures to terminate the illegal regime and establish a government based on
majority rule,
1. Condemns all attempts and manoeuvres by the illegal regime in Southern Rhodesia aimed at the retention of power
by a racist minority and at preventing the achievement of independence by Zimbabwe;
2. Declares illegal and unacceptable any internal settlement concluded under the auspices of the illegal regime and
calls upon all States not to accord any recognition to such a settlement;
3. Further declares that the speedy termination of the illegal regime and the replacement of its military and
police forces constitute the first prerequisite for the restoration of legality in Southern Rhodesia so that
arrangements may be made for a peaceful and democratic transition to genuine majority rule and independence in
4. Declares also that such arrangements as envisaged in paragraph 3 of the present resolution include the holding
of free and fair elections on the basis of universal adult suffrage under United Nations supervision;
5. Calls upon the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to take all measures necessary to bring to
an end the illegal racist minority regime in Southern Rhodesia and to effect the genuine decolonization of the
Territory in accordance with General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960 and other United Nations
6. Considers that, with the assistance of the Secretary-General, the United Kingdom, as the administering Power,
should enter into immediate consultations with the parties concerned in order to attain the objectives of genuine
decolonization of the Territory through the implementation of paragraphs 3, 4 and 5 of the present resolution;
7. Requests the Secretary-General to report, not later than 15 April 1978, on the results of the implementation of
the present resolution.

Adopted at the 2067th meeting by 10 votes to none, with 5 abstentions (Canada, France, Germany, Federal Republic
of, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America).

United Kingdom, Zimbabwe
Southern Rhodesia
Related with resolutions
Quoted in resolutions
424 445 448
Security Council Composition