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Resolution 445

Southern Rhodesia


Resolution 445 (1979) of 8 March 1979
The Security Council,

Recalling its resolutions on the question of Southern Rhodesia, and in particular resolutions 253 (1968) of 29 May
1968, 403 (1977) of 14 January and 411 (1977) of 30 June 1977, 423 (1978) of 14 March, 424 (1978) of 17 March and
437 (1978) of 10 October 1978,
Taking note of the statement of the African Group contained in document S/13084,
Having heard the statements of the representatives of
Angola and Zambia,
Having also heard the statement of the representative of the Patriotic Front of Zimbabwe,
Gravely concerned about the indiscriminate military operations undertaken by the illegal regime and the extension
of its premeditated and provocative acts of aggression not only against neighbouring independent countries but
also against non-contiguous States, resulting in wanton killings of refugees and civilian populations,
Indignant at the continued executions by the illegal regime in Southern Rhodesia of persons sentenced under
repressive laws,
Reaffirming that the existence of the illegal racist minority regime in Southern Rhodesia and the continuance of
its acts of aggression against neighbouring independent States constitute a threat to international peace and
Reaffirming the inalienable right of the people of Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) to self-determination and
independence in accordance with General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960 and the legitimacy of
their struggle to secure the enjoyment of such rights as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations,
Gravely concerned by the moves within certain States to send missions to observe the so-called elections in April
1979 organized by the illegal racist minority regime in Southern Rhodesia, for the purpose of according it some
legitimacy and thereby eventually lifting sanctions,
Reaffirming Security Council resolution 423 (1978), particularly its provisions declaring illegal and unacceptable
any internal settlement concluded under the auspices of the illegal r6gime and calling upon all States not to
accord any recognition to such a settlement,
Bearing in mind the responsibility of every Member State to adhere scrupulously to Security Council resolutions
and decisions, and their responsibility to ensure that institutions and citizens under their jurisdiction will
observe the same,
1. Strongly condemns the recent armed invasions perpetrated by the illegal racist minority regime in the British
colony of Southern Rhodesia against the People's Republic of Angola, the People's Republic of Mozambique and the
Republic of Zambia, which constitute a flagrant violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of these
2. Commends the People's Republic of Angola, the People's Republic of Mozambique and the Republic of Zambia and
other front-line States for their support of the people of Zimbabwe in their just and legitimate struggle for the
attainment of freedom and independence and for their scrupulous restraint in the face of serious provocations by
the Southern Rhodesian rebels;
3. Requests all States to give immediate and substantial material assistance to enable the Governments of the
front-line States to strengthen their defence capability in order to safeguard effectively their sovereignty and
territorial integrity;
4. Requests the administering Power to take all necessary measures to prevent further illegal executions in
Southern Rhodesia;
5. Condemns all attempts and manoeuvres by the illegal regime, including its so-called elections of April 1979,
aimed at retaining and extending a racist minority rule and at preventing the accession of Zimbabwe to independence
and genuine majority rule;
6. Declares that any elections held under the auspices of the illegal racist regime and the results thereof
will be null and void and that no recognition will be accorded either by the United Nations or any Member State to
any representatives or organ established by that process;
7. Urges all States to refrain from sending observers to these elections and to take appropriate action to
discourage organizations and institutions within their respective areas of jurisdiction from doing so;
8. Requests the Security Council Committee established in pursuance of resolution 253 (1968) concerning the
question of Southern Rhodesia to meet immediately to consider measures for strengthening and widening the sanctions
against Southern Rhodesia and to submit its proposals not later than 23 March 1979;
9. Decides to meet, not later than 27 March 1979, to consider the report envisaged in paragraph 8 of the present

Adopted at the 2122nd meeting by 12 votes to none, with 3 abstentions (France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland, United States of America).

Angola, Mozambique, South Africa, United Kingdom, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Southern Rhodesia
Related with resolutions
253 403 411 423 424 437
Quoted in resolutions
Security Council Composition