Search engine for the United Nations Security Council Resolutions

Resolution 459



Resolution 459 (1979) of 19 December 1979
The Security Council,

Recalling its resolutions 425 (1978) and 426 (1978) of 19 March, 427 (1978) of 3 May and 434 (1978) of 18
September 1978, 444 (1979) of 19 January and 450
(1979) of 14 June 1979, as well as the statements made by the President of the Security Council on 8 December 1978
(S/12958), on 26 April (S/13272) and on 15 May 1979,
Recalling its debate on 29 and 30 August 1979 and the statements of the Secretary-General concerning the
Having studied the report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon,
Acting in response to the request of the Government of Lebanon and noting with concern the continued violations of
the cease-fire, the attacks on the Force and the difficulties in implementing Security Council resolutions,
Expressing its anxiety about the continued existence of obstacles to the full deployment of the Force and the
threats to its very security, its freedom of movement and the safety of its headquarters,
Convinced that the present situation has serious consequences for peace and security in the Middle East and
impedes the achievement of a just, comprehensive and durable peace in the area,
Reaffirming its call for the strict respect for the territorial integrity, unity, sovereignty and political
independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized boundaries, and welcoming the efforts of the
Government of Lebanon to reassert its sovereignty and restore its civilian and military authority in Southern
1. Reaffirms the objectives of resolutions 425 (1978) and 450 (1979);
2. Expresses its support for the efforts of the Secretary-General to consolidate the cease-fire and calls upon
all parties concerned to refrain from activities inconsistent with the objectives of the United Nations Interim
Force in Lebanon and to co-operate for the fulfilment of these objectives;
3. Calls upon the Secretary-General and the Force to continue to take all effective measures deemed necessary in
accordance with the approved guidelines and terms of reference of the Force as adopted in resolution 426 (1978);
4. Takes note of the determination of the Government of Lebanon to draw up a programme of action, in consultation
with the Secretary-General, to promote the restoration of its authority in pursuance of resolution 425 (1978);
5. Takes note also of the efforts of the Government of Lebanon to obtain international recognition for the
protection of the archaeological and cultural sites and monuments in the city of Tyre in accordance with
international law and the Convention of The Hague of 1954, under which such cities, sites and monuments are
considered to be a heritage of interest to all mankind;
6. Reaffirms the validity of the General Armistice Agreement between Israel and Lebanon in accordance with its
relevant decisions and resolutions and calls upon the parties, with the assistance of the Secretary-General, to
take the necessary steps to reactivate the Mixed Armistice Commission and to ensure full respect for the safety
and freedom of action of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization;
7. Highly commends the performance of the Force and its Commander, and reiterates its terms of reference as set
out in the report of the Secretary-General of 19 March 1978s and approved by resolution 426 (1978), in particular
that the Force must be enabled to function as an efficient military unit, that it must enjoy freedom of movement
and communication and other facilities necessary for the performance of its tasks and that it must continue to be
able to discharge its duties according to the above-mentioned terms of reference, including the right of
8. Urges all Member States which are in a position to do so to continue to bring their influence to bear on those
concerned, so that the Force can discharge its responsibilities fully and unhampered;
9. Decides to renew the mandate of the Force for a period of six months, that is, until 19 June 1980;
10. Reaffirms its determination, in the event of continuing obstruction of the mandate of the Force, to examine
practical ways and means in accordance with relevant provisions of the Charter of the United Nations to secure the
full implementation of resolution 425 (1978);
11. Decides to remain seized of the question.

Adopted at the 2180th meeting by 12 votes to none, with 2 abstentions (Czechoslovakia, Union of Soviet Socialist

Israel, Lebanon, Middle East
Related with resolutions
425 426 427 434 444 450
Quoted in resolutions
467 474 483 488 498 501 511 519 587
Security Council Composition