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Resolution 539



Resolution 539 (1983) of 28 October 1983
The Security Council,

Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of 29 August 1983,
Recalling General Assembly resolutions 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960 and 2145 (XXI) of 27 October 1966,
Recalling and reaffirming its resolutions 301 (1971), 385 (1976), 431 (1978), 432 (1978), 435 (1978), 439 (1978)
and 532 (1983),
Gravely concerned at South Africa's continued illegal occupation of Namibia,
Gravely concerned also at the tension and instability prevailing in southern Africa and the mounting threat to the
security of the region and its wider implications for international peace and security resulting from continued utilization of Namibia as a springboard for attacks against and destabilization of African States in the region,
Reaffirming the legal responsibility of the United Nations over Namibia and the primary responsibility of the
Security Council for ensuring the implementation of its resolutions, in particular, resolutions 385 (1976) and
435 (1978), which call for the holding of free and fair elections in the Territory under the supervision and
control of the United Nations,
Indignant that South Africa's insistence on an irrelevant and extraneous issue of "linkage" has obstructed the
implementation of resolution 435 (1978),
1. Condemns South Africa for its continued illegal occupation of Namibia in flagrant defiance of resolutions of
the General Assembly and decisions of the Security Council;
2. Further condemns South Africa for its obstruction of the implementation of Security Council resolution 435
(1978) by insisting on conditions contrary to the provisions of the United Nations plan for the independence of
3. Rejects South Africa's insistence on linking the independence of Namibia to irrelevant and extraneous issues as
incompatible with resolution 435 (1978), other decisions of the Security Council and the resolutions of the General
Assembly on Namibia, including General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV);
4. Declares that the independence of Namibia cannot be held hostage to the resolution of issues that are alien to
resolution 435 (1978);
5. Reiterates that resolution 435 (1978), embodying the United Nations plan for the independence of Namibia, is
the only basis for a peaceful settlement of the Namibian problem;
6. Takes note that the consultations undertaken by the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 5 of resolution 532
(1983) have confirmed that all the outstanding issues relevant to resolution 435 (1978) have been resolved;
7. Affirms that the electoral system to be used for the elections of the Constituent Assembly should be determined
prior to the adoption by the Council of the enabling resolution for the implementation of the United Nations plan;
8. Calls upon South Africa to co-operate with the Secretary-General forthwith and to communicate to him its choice
of the electoral system in order to facilitate the immediate and unconditional implementation of the United Nations
plan embodied in resolution 435 (1978);
9. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council on the implementation of this resolution as soon as
possible and not later than 31 December 1983;
10. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter and to meet as soon as possible following the
Secretary-General's report for the purpose of reviewing progress in the implementation of resolution 435 (1978)
and, in the event of continued obstruction by South Africa, to consider the adoption of appropriate measures under
the Charter of the United Nations.

Adopted at the 2492nd meeting by 14 votes to none, with I abstention (United States of America).

Namibia, South Africa
Related with resolutions
301 385 431 432 435 439 532
Quoted in resolutions
566 601
Security Council Composition