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Resolution 385



Resolution 385 (1976) of 30 January 1976
The Security Council,

Having heard the statement of the President of the United Nations Council for Namibia,
Having considered the statement by Mr. Moses M. Garoeb, Administrative Secretary of the South West Africa People's
Recalling General Assembly resolution 2145 (XXI) of 27 October 1966, by which the Assembly terminated South
Africa's Mandate over the Territory of Namibia, and resolution 2248(S-V) of 19 May 1967, by which it established a
United Nations Council for Namibia, as well as all other subsequent resolutions on Namibia, in particular
resolution 3295 (XXIX) of 13 December 1974 and resolution 3399 (XXX) of 26 November 1975,
Recalling its resolutions 245 (1968) of 25 January and 246 (1968) of 14 March 1968. 264 (1969) of 20 March and
269(1969) of 12 August 1969, 276 (1970) of 30 January. 282(1970) of 23 July, 283 (1970) and 284(1970) of 29 July
1970, 300(1971) of 12 October and 301 (1971) of 20 October 1971, 310(1972) of 4 February 1972 and 366 (1974) of 17
December 1974,
Recalling the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice of 21 June 1971 that South Africa is under
obligation to withdraw its presence from the Territory,
Reaffirming the legal responsibility of the United Nations over Namibia,
Concerned at South Africa's continued illegal occupation of Namibia and its persistent refusal to comply with the
resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly and the Security Council, as well as with the advisory opinion
of the International Court of Justice,
Gravely concerned at South Africa's brutal repression of the Namibian people and its persistent violation of their
human rights, as well as its efforts to destroy the national unity and territorial integrity of Namibia, and its
aggressive military build-up in the area.
Strongly deploring the militarization of Namibia by the illegal occupation regime of South Africa,
1. Condemns the continued illegal occupation of the Territory of Namibia by South Africa;
2. Condemns the illegal and arbitrary application by South Africa of racially discriminatory and repressive laws
and practices in Namibia;
3. Condemns the South African military build-up in Namibia and any utilization of the Territory as a base for
attacks on neighbouring countries;
4. Demands that South Africa put an end forthwith to its policy of bantustans and the so-called homelands aimed
at violating the national unity and the territorial integrity of Namibia;
5. Further condemns South Africa's failure to comply with the terms of Security Council resolution 366(1974);
6. Further condemns all attempts by South Africa calculated to evade the clear demand of the United Nations for the
holding of free elections under United Nations supervision and control in Namibia:
7. Declares that, in order that the people of Namibia may be enabled freely to determine their own future, it is
imperative that free elections under the supervision and control of the United Nations be held for the whole of
Namibia as one political entity:
8. Further declares that, in determining the date, timetable and modalities for the elections in accordance with
paragraph 7 above, there shall be adequate time, to be decided upon by the Security Council, for the purpose of
enabling the United Nations to establish the necessary machinery within Namibia to supervise and control such
elections, as well as to enable the people of Namibia to organize politically for the purpose of such elections;
9. Demands that South Africa urgently make a solemn declaration accepting the foregoing provisions for the holding
of free elections in Namibia under United Nations supervision and control, undertaking to comply with the
resolutions and decisions of the United Nations and with the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice
of 21 June 1971 in regard to Namibia, and recognizing the territorial integrity and unity of Namibia as a nation;
10. Reiterates its demand that South Africa take the necessary steps to effect the withdrawal, in accordance with
Security Council resolutions 264(1969), 269(1969) and 366(1974), of its illegal administration maintained in
Namibia and to transfer power to the people of Namibia with the assistance of the United Nations;
11. Demands again that South Africa, pending the transfer of power provided for in paragraph 10 above:
(a) Comply fully in spirit and in practice with the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
(b) Release all Namibian political prisoners, including all those imprisoned or detained in connexion with offences
under so-called internal security laws, whether such Namibians have been charged or tried or arc held without
charge and whether held in Namibia or South Africa:
(c) Abolish the application in Namibia of all racially discriminatory and politically repressive laws and practices
particularly bantustans and homelands;
(d) Accord unconditionally to all Namibians currently in exile for political reasons full facilities for return to
their country without risk of arrest, detention, intimidation or imprisonment;
12. Decides to remain seized of the matter and to meet on or before 31 August 1976 for the purpose of reviewing
South Africa's compliance with the terms of the present resolution and, in the event of non-compliance by South
Africa, for the purpose of considering the appropriate measures to be taken under the Charter of the United

Adopted unanimously at the 1885th meeting.

Namibia, South Africa
Related with resolutions
245 246 264 269 276 282 283 284 300 301 310 366
Quoted in resolutions
428 431 432 435 439 454 475 532 539 566 571 601
Security Council Composition