Search engine for the United Nations Security Council Resolutions

Resolution 598

Iraq-Islamic Republic of Iran


Resolution 598 (1987) of 20 July 1987
The Security Council,

Reaffirming its resolution 582 (1986),
Deeply concerned that, despite its calls for a cease-fire, the conflict between the Islamic Republic of Iran and
Iraq continues unabated, with further heavy loss of human life and material destruction,
Deploring the initiation and continuation of the conflict.
Deploring also the bombing of purely civilian population centres, attacks on neutral shipping or civilian aircraft,
the violation of international humanitarian law and other laws of armed conflict, and, in particular, the use of
chemical weapons contrary to obligations under the 1925 Geneva Protocol,
Deeply concerned that further escalation and widening of the conflict may take place,
Determined to bring to an end all military actions between Iran and Iraq,
Convinced that a comprehensive, just, honourable and durable settlement should be achieved between Iran and Iraq,
Recalling the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, and in particular the obligation of all Member
States to settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and
security and justice are not endangered,
Determining that there exists a breach of the peace as regards the conflict between Iran and Iraq, Acting under
Articles 39 and 40 of the Charter,
1. Demands that, as a first step towards a negotiated settlement, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq observe
an immediate cease-fire, discontinue all military actions on land, at sea and in the air, and withdraw all forces
to the internationally recognized boundaries without delay;
2. Requests the Secretary-General to dispatch a team of United Nations observers to verify, confirm and supervise
the cease-fire and withdrawal and further requests the Secretary-General to make the necessary arrangements in
consultation with the Parties and to submit a report thereon to the Security Council;
3. Urges that prisoners-of-war be released and repatriated without delay after the cessation of active hostilities
in accordance with the Third Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949;
4. Calls upon Iran and Iraq to co-operate with the Secretary-General in implementing this resolution and in
mediation efforts to achieve a comprehensive, just and honourable settlement, acceptable to both sides, of all
outstanding issues, in accordance with the principles contained in the Charter of the United Nations;
5. Calls upon all other States to exercise the utmost restraint and to refrain from any act which may lead to
further escalation and widening of the conflict, and thus to facilitate the implementation of the present
6. Requests the Secretary-General to explore, in consultation with Iran and Iraq, the question of entrusting an
impartial body with inquiring into responsibility for the conflict and to report to the Council as soon as
7. Recognizes the magnitude of the damage inflicted during the conflict and the need for reconstruction efforts,
with appropriate international assistance, once the conflict is ended and, in this regard, requests the
to assign a team of experts to study the question of reconstruction and to report to the Council:
8. Further requests the Secretary-General to examine, in consultation with Iran and Iraq and with other States
of the region, measures to enhance the security and stability of the region;
9. Requests the Secretary-General to keep the Council informed on the implementation of this resolution;
10. Decides to meet again as necessary to consider further steps to ensure compliance with this resolution.

Adopted unanimously at the 2750th meeting.

Iran, Iraq
Iraq-Islamic Republic of Iran
Related with resolutions
Quoted in resolutions
616 619 631 642 651 671 676 685
Security Council Composition