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Resolution 1430

The situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia


S/RES/1430 (2002)
Security Council Distr.: General
14 August 2002
02-52257 (E)
Resolution 1430 (2002)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 4600th meeting, on
14 August 2002
The Security Council,
Recalling its relevant resolutions concerning the situation between Eritrea and
Ethiopia, in particular resolution 1398 (2002) of 15 March 2002,
Further recalling the report of 27 February 2002 of the Security Council
Mission to Ethiopia and Eritrea undertaken in the period 21-25 February 2002
Recalling the Delimitation Decision by the Boundary Commission of 13 April
2002 (S/2002/423), subsequently embraced by the parties as final and binding in
accordance with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in Algiers on 12
December 2000 (S/2000/1183),
Reaffirming its strong support for the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the
preceding Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities (S/2000/601), signed in Algiers on
18 June 2000 (hereafter referred to collectively as the “Algiers Agreements”),
Further reaffirming its strong support for the help in implementing the Algiers
Agreements continuously provided by the Secretary-General and his Special
Representative, including through their good offices, and for the role played by the
United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) in the implementation of
its mandate thereby contributing towards the completion of the peace process,
Reaffirming the need for both parties to fulfil their obligations under
international law, including international humanitarian law, human rights law and
refugee law, and to ensure the safety of all personnel of the United Nations, the
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and other humanitarian
Further reaffirming its strong support for the African Union Liaison Mission in
Ethiopia-Eritrea, and inviting the President ad interim of the Commission of the
African Union to continue actively the role of the former Organization of African
Unity in support of the peace process,
Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of 10 July 2002
S/RES/1430 (2002)
1. Decides to adjust the mandate of UNMEE, in order to assist the
Boundary Commission in the expeditious and orderly implementation of its
Delimitation Decision, to include with immediate effect:
(a) demining in key areas to support demarcation, and
(b) administrative and logistical support for the Field Offices of the
Boundary Commission,
in accordance with the recommendations provided by the Secretary-General in
paragraphs 13, 14 and 17 of the above report, and resolution 1398 (2002), with the
costs of civilian demining contractors and Field Office support to be funded as
outlined in paragraphs 14 and 17 of the report;
2. Endorses the technical steps for territorial transfers as a broad framework
for the process as recommended by the Secretary-General in his report, and decides
to review, as necessary, the implications for UNMEE in this regard, while strongly
urging the parties to provide their full and prompt cooperation in the process with a
view to ensuring an expeditious transition for the benefit of the affected populations;
3. Calls on the parties to cooperate fully and expeditiously with UNMEE in
the implementation of its mandate, as adjusted through this resolution, by abiding
scrupulously by the letter and spirit of their agreements, and by resolving all
outstanding issues in accordance with the Algiers Agreements;
4. Encourages the parties to continue cooperating, fully and expeditiously,
with UNMEE on providing the information and maps required by the Mission for
the demining process;
5. Calls on the parties to cooperate fully and promptly with the Boundary
Commission, including by implementing without conditions its binding Demarcation
Directions, by abiding promptly by all its Orders, including the two issued on 17
July 2002 (S/2002/853), and by taking all steps necessary to ensure the personal
security of the staff of the Commission when operating in territories under their
6. Appeals to the parties to exercise restraint, and emphasizes that in
accordance with article 14 of the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities, the security
arrangements are to remain in effect, and that, accordingly, arrangements for the
separation of forces, as achieved by the Temporary Security Zone and through the
contributions of UNMEE, will continue to be of key importance;
7. Calls on the parties to refrain from unilateral troop or population
movements, including establishment of any new settlements in areas near the border,
until demarcation and orderly transfer of territorial control has been accomplished,
in accordance with article 4.16 of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement;
8. Demands that the parties allow UNMEE full freedom of movement and
remove with immediate effect any and all restrictions on, and impediments to the
work of, UNMEE and its staff in the discharge of its mandate;
9. Expresses its disappointment that there has been no progress regarding
the establishment of a direct high-altitude flight route for UNMEE between Asmara
and Addis Ababa, given the importance to the demarcation process of a direct flight
route, and renews its appeal to the parties to work with the Special Representative of
S/RES/1430 (2002)
the Secretary-General in a spirit of compromise to settle the issue for the mutual
benefit of all;
10. Calls again on the parties to release and return without further delay all
remaining prisoners of war and civilian internees under the auspices of the
International Committee of the Red Cross in accordance with the Geneva
Conventions and the Algiers Agreements;
11. Further calls on the parties to increase their efforts to take other
measures that will build confidence and promote reconciliation between the two
peoples for their mutual benefit, including in particular the areas listed in paragraph
14 of resolution 1398 (2002);
12. Encourages the guarantors, facilitators and witnesses of the Algiers
Agreements and the Friends of UNMEE to intensify their contacts with the
authorities of both countries with the view to contribute to an expeditious
demarcation process;
13. Strongly emphasizes the importance of an expeditious and orderly
demarcation process in order to further peace and normalize the relations between
the parties, to enable displaced persons to return home and in order for the parties to
move completely beyond the border issue and pave the way for reconstruction and
development as well as political and economic cooperation;
14. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Eritrea, Ethiopia
The situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia
Related with resolutions
Quoted in resolutions
1434 1681 1710 1741 1767 1798
Security Council Composition