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Resolution 1710

The situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia


S/RES/1710 (2006)
Security Council Distr.: General
29 September 2006
06-54525 (E)
Resolution 1710 (2006)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5540th meeting, on
29 September 2006
The Security Council,
Reaffirming all its previous resolutions and statements pertaining to the
situation between Ethiopia and Eritrea (hereinafter referred to as “the parties”) and
the requirements contained therein, including in particular resolutions 1320 of
15 September 2000, 1430 of 14 August 2002, 1466 of 14 March 2003, 1640 of
23 November 2005 and 1681 of 31 May 2006,
Stressing its unwavering commitment to the peace process, and to the full and
expeditious implementation of the Algiers Agreements, and the importance of
prompt implementation of the decision of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary
Commission (S/2002/423) as a basis for peaceful and cooperative relations between
the parties,
Reaffirming the integrity of the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) as provided
for in the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities of 18 June 2000 (S/2000/601) and
recalling the objectives of its establishment and the commitment of the parties to
respect the TSZ,
Commending the efforts made by the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and
Eritrea (UNMEE) and its military and civilian personnel to accomplish its duties,
despite the difficult circumstances,
Stressing further that the full demarcation of the border between the two
parties is vital to lasting peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea as well as in the region,
and recalling that both parties have agreed to accept the delimitation and
demarcation determinations of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC)
as final and binding,
Expressing its full support for the ongoing process, aimed at implementing the
final and binding decision of the EEBC,
Taking note of UNMEE’s statement of 25 September 2006 on allegations
against UNMEE staff,
Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of 19 September 2006
S/RES/1710 (2006)
2 06-54525
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNMEE for a period of four months,
until 31 January 2007;
2. Reiterates its demand expressed in paragraph 1 of resolution 1640 (2005)
that Eritrea reverse, without further delay or preconditions, all restrictions on
UNMEE’s movement and operations, and provide UNMEE with the access,
assistance, support and protection required for the performance of its duties, in this
regard expresses its deep concern at the recent expulsion of UNMEE personnel by
3. Reiterates its call expressed in paragraph 2 of resolution 1640 (2005)
that the parties show maximum restraint and refrain from any threat or use of force
against each other;
4. Reiterates its demand expressed in paragraph 5 of resolution 1640 (2005)
that Ethiopia accept fully and without delay the final and binding decision of the
Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission and take immediately concrete steps to
enable, without preconditions, the Commission to demarcate the border completely
and promptly;
5. Regrets the lack of progress on demarcation, calls upon both parties to
cooperate fully with the EEBC, including attending EEBC meetings, stresses that
the parties have primary responsibility for the implementation of the Algiers
Agreements, and calls again upon the parties to implement completely and without
further delay or preconditions the decision of the EEBC and to take concrete steps to
resume the demarcation process;
6. Demands that the parties provide UNMEE with the necessary access,
assistance, support and protection required for the performance of its duties,
including its mandated task to assist the EEBC in the expeditious and orderly
implementation of the Delimitation Decision, in accordance with resolutions 1430
(2002) and 1466 (2003) and demands that any restrictions be lifted immediately;
7. Intends in the event it determines that the parties have not demonstrated
progress towards demarcation by 31 January 2007, to transform or reconfigure
UNMEE as the Council may decide;
8. Intends further to review the situation before 30 November 2006, in
order to prepare for possible changes by 31 January 2007, and to that end requests
the Secretary-General to present updated options for possible changes to UNMEE’s
9. Expresses its willingness to reconsider any changes to UNMEE it may
make in accordance with paragraph 7 in light of subsequent progress towards
demarcation, and its readiness to take further decisions to ensure that UNMEE will
be able to facilitate demarcation as progress becomes possible;
10. Calls on Member States to provide contributions to the Trust Fund,
established pursuant to resolution 1177 (1998) and referred to in Article 4 (17) of
the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed by the Governments of Ethiopia and
Eritrea on 12 December 2000, in order to support the demarcation process;
11. Expresses its deep appreciation for the contribution and dedication of the
troop-contributing countries to the work of UNMEE;
12. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Eritrea, Ethiopia
The situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia
Related with resolutions
1177 1320 1430 1466 1640 1681
Quoted in resolutions
1741 1767 1798
Security Council Composition