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Resolution 1589

The situation in Afghanistan


S/RES/1589 (2005)
Security Council Distr.: General
24 March 2005
05-28336 (E)
Resolution 1589 (2005)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5148th meeting,
on 24 March 2005
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions on Afghanistan, in particular its resolution
1536 (2004) of 26 March 2004 extending the mandate of the United Nations
Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) through 26 March 2005,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and national unity of Afghanistan,
Welcoming once again the successful holding of the presidential election on
9 October 2004,
Recognizing the urgent need to tackle the ongoing challenges in Afghanistan,
including the fight against narcotics, the lack of security in certain areas, terrorist
threats, comprehensive nationwide disarmament, demobilization and reintegration
of the Afghan Militia Forces and disbandment of illegal armed groups, timely
preparation for the parliamentary, provincial and district elections, development of
Afghan Government institutions, acceleration of justice sector reform, promotion
and protection of human rights, and economic and social development,
Reaffirming in this context its continued support for the implementation of the
provisions of the Bonn Agreement of 5 December 2001, and of the Berlin
Declaration of 1 April 2004 including its annexes, and pledging its continued
support thereafter for the Government and people of Afghanistan as they rebuild
their country, strengthen the foundations of a constitutional democracy and assume
their rightful place in the community of nations,
Recalling and emphasizing the importance of the Kabul Declaration of
22 December 2002 on Good-Neighbourly Relations (S/2002/1416), and encouraging
all States concerned to continue to follow up on the Kabul Declaration and the
Declaration on Trade, Transit and Inward Investment signed in Dubai in September
Expressing its appreciation and strong support for the ongoing efforts of the
Secretary-General and his Special Representative for Afghanistan, and stressing the
central and impartial role that the United Nations continues to play in promoting
peace and stability in Afghanistan,
S/RES/1589 (2005)
1. Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General of 18 March 2005
2. Decides to extend the mandate of UNAMA for an additional period of
12 months from the date of adoption of this resolution;
3. Stresses the importance of urgently establishing a framework for the
holding at the earliest possible date of free and fair elections, welcomes in this
regard the announcement of the Joint Electoral Management Body that elections for
the lower house of the parliament (Wolesi Jirga) and provincial councils will be held
on 18 September 2005, calls upon UNAMA to continue to provide necessary
support in order to facilitate timely elections with the broadest possible
participation, and urges the donor community to promptly make available the
necessary financial support based on that framework, in close coordination with the
Government of Afghanistan and UNAMA, and to consider contributing to electoral
observer missions;
4. Stresses the importance of security for the credible parliamentary,
provincial and district elections, and to this end calls upon Member States to
contribute personnel, equipment and other resources to support the expansion of the
International Security Assistance Force and the establishment of provincial
reconstruction teams in other parts of Afghanistan, and to coordinate closely with
UNAMA and the Government of Afghanistan;
5. Welcomes the international efforts to assist in setting up the new Afghan
Parliament and ensure its efficient functioning, which will be critical to the political
future of Afghanistan and the steps towards a free and democratic Afghanistan;
6. Welcomes the substantial progress in the disarmament, demobilization
and reintegration (DDR) process in accordance with the Bonn Agreement,
encourages the Government of Afghanistan to continue its active efforts to
accelerate the DDR process towards its completion by June 2006, to disband the
illegal armed groups and to dispose of the ammunition stockpile, and requests the
international community to further extend assistance for these efforts;
7. Welcomes the effort to date of the Government of Afghanistan to
implement its national drug control strategy adopted in May 2003, including
through the launch of the 2005 Counter Narcotics Implementation Plan in February
2005, which reflects a new determination of the Government to tackle the
cultivation, production and trafficking of drugs, urges the Government to take
decisive action to stop the processing and trade of drugs and to pursue the specific
measures set out in that plan in the fields of building institutions, information
campaigns, alternative livelihoods, interdiction and law enforcement, criminal
justice, eradication, demand reduction and treatment of addicts, and regional
cooperation, and calls on the international community to provide every possible
assistance to the Government in pursuing full implementation of all aspects of the
8. Supports the fight against the illicit trafficking of drugs and precursors
within Afghanistan and in neighbouring States and countries along trafficking
routes, including increased cooperation among them to strengthen anti-narcotic
controls to curb the drug flow, and welcomes in this context the signing on 1 April
2004 of the Berlin Declaration on Counter-Narcotics within the framework of the
Kabul Declaration on Good-neighbourly Relations of 22 December 2002;
S/RES/1589 (2005)
9. Requests UNAMA to continue to support the ongoing effort for the
establishment of a fair and transparent justice system, including the reconstruction
and reform of the prison sector, in order to strengthen the rule of law throughout the
10. Calls for full respect for human rights and international humanitarian law
throughout Afghanistan and, in this regard, requests UNAMA, with the support of
the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, to continue
to assist in the full implementation of the human rights provisions of the new
Afghan constitution, in particular those regarding the full enjoyment by women of
their human rights, commends the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission
for its courageous efforts to monitor respect for human rights in Afghanistan as well
as to foster and protect these rights, welcomes in this regard the Commission’s
report of 29 January 2005 and the proposed national strategy for transitional justice,
and requests international support for that endeavour;
11. Welcomes the development of the Afghan National Army and Afghan
National Police and the ongoing efforts to increase their capabilities as important
steps towards the goal of Afghan security forces providing security and ensuring the
rule of law throughout the country;
12. Calls upon the Government of Afghanistan, with the assistance of the
international community, including the Operation Enduring Freedom coalition and
the International Security Assistance Force, in accordance with their respective
designated responsibilities as they evolve, to continue to address the threat to the
security and stability of Afghanistan posed by Al-Qaida operatives, the Taliban and
other extremist groups, factional violence among militia forces and criminal
activities, in particular violence involving the drug trade;
13. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council in a timely
manner on developments in Afghanistan, and make recommendations on the future
role of UNAMA, after the parliamentary elections;
14. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

The situation in Afghanistan
Related with resolutions
Quoted in resolutions
1659 1662
Security Council Composition