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Resolution 1662

The situation in Aghanistan

Abstract

S/RES/1662 (2006)
Security Council Distr.: General
23 March 2006
06-28141 (E)
*0628141*
Resolution 1662 (2006)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5393rd meeting, on
23 March 2006
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions on Afghanistan, in particular its resolution
1589 (2005) extending the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in
Afghanistan (UNAMA) through 24 March 2006, and its resolution 1659 (2006)
endorsing the Afghanistan Compact,
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and national unity of Afghanistan,
Reaffirming in this context its support for the implementation by the Afghan
Government and all members of the international community and international
organizations of the Afghanistan Compact under the ownership of the Afghan
people and its support for the interim Afghanistan National Development Strategy
(iANDS),
Pledging its continued support for the Government and people of Afghanistan
as they build on the successful completion of the Bonn Process in rebuilding their
country, strengthening the foundations of a constitutional democracy and assuming
their rightful place in the community of nations,
Stressing the inalienable right of the people of Afghanistan freely to determine
their own future and welcoming the successful holding of the Parliamentary and
Provincial elections on 18 September 2005,
Determined to assist the Government and people of Afghanistan in building on
the successful London Conference held on 31 January-1 February 2006,
Recognizing the interconnected nature of the challenges in Afghanistan,
affirming that sustainable progress on security, governance, development as well as
the cross-cutting issue of counter-narcotics, which necessarily involves capacitybuilding,
is mutually reinforcing, and welcoming the continuing efforts of the
Afghan Government and the international community to address these challenges,
Recognizing the continuing importance of combating increased terrorist
attacks caused by the Taliban, Al-Qaida and other extremist groups and narcotic
threat,
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Expressing concern at the increasing threat to the local population, national
security forces, international military and international assistance efforts by
extremist activities and stressing the importance of the security and safety of the
United Nations staff,
Recalling the importance of the Kabul Declaration of 22 December 2002 on
Good-Neighbourly Relations (Kabul Declaration) (S/2002/1416), and stressing that
regional cooperation constitutes an effective means to promote security and
development in Afghanistan,
Expressing its appreciation and strong support for the ongoing efforts of the
Secretary-General and his Special Representative for Afghanistan,
Stressing the central and impartial role that the United Nations continues to
play in promoting peace and stability in Afghanistan, including the coordination and
monitoring of efforts in implementing the Afghanistan Compact,
1. Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General of 7 March 2006
(S/2006/145);
2. Welcomes the United Nations long-term commitment to work with the
people and Government of Afghanistan;
3. Decides to extend the mandate of UNAMA, as laid out in the report of
the Secretary-General of 7 March 2006 (S/2006/145), for an additional period of 12
months from the date of adoption of this resolution;
4. Reiterates its call on the Afghan Government, and on all members of the
international community and international organizations, to implement the Compact
and its annexes in full;
5. Emphasizes the importance of meeting the benchmarks and time lines of
the Compact for progress on security, governance and development as well as the
cross-cutting issue of counter-narcotics and of increasing the effectiveness and
coordination of the assistance to Afghanistan;
6. Calls on all Afghan parties and groups to engage constructively in the
peaceful political development of the country and avoid resorting to violence;
7. Welcomes the substantial progress in the disarmament, demobilization
and reintegration (DDR) process in accordance with the Bonn Agreement, including
the completion of disarmament and demobilization; encourages the Afghan
Government to complete the DDR process by June 2006; calls for determined
efforts by the Afghan Government, including its security authorities, to disband
illegal armed groups and to dispose of ammunition stockpiles; and requests the
international community to extend further assistance for these efforts, taking fully
into account the guidance by UNAMA;
8. Welcomes the development of the Afghan National Army and Afghan
National Police and the ongoing efforts to increase their capabilities as important
steps towards the goal of Afghan security forces providing security and ensuring the
rule of law throughout the country; and further welcomes in this regard the outcome
of the Doha Conference on Border Management on 28 February 2006;
9. Welcomes the inauguration of the new Afghan National Assembly;
commends Afghan efforts to ensure its efficient functioning, which will be critical to
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the political future of Afghanistan; welcomes the international efforts to provide
technical assistance; and encourages all the institutions to work in a spirit of
cooperation;
10. Calls on the Afghan Government to ensure continued public
administrative reform and anti-corruption efforts, as described in the Compact;
11. Welcomes the finalization of the 10-year strategy for justice reform in
Afghanistan, as detailed in the “Justice for All” paper presented by the Ministry of
Justice; and invites the Afghan Government, with the assistance of the international
community, to continue to work towards the establishment of a fair and transparent
justice system, including the reconstruction and reform of the correctional system,
as highlighted in the Compact, in order to strengthen the rule of law throughout the
country and eliminate impunity;
12. Calls for full respect for human rights and international humanitarian law
throughout Afghanistan; in this regard, requests UNAMA, with the support of the
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, to continue to
assist in the full implementation of the human rights provisions of the Afghan
constitution and international treaties to which Afghanistan is a State party, in
particular those regarding the full enjoyment by women of their human rights;
commends the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission for its courageous
efforts to monitor respect for human rights in Afghanistan as well as to foster and
protect these rights; welcomes the adoption of the Action Plan on Peace, Justice and
Reconciliation on 12 December 2005; and encourages international support for this
Plan;
13. Welcomes iANDS presented at the London Conference; calls on the
Afghan Government to further provide strong leadership in its implementation; and
encourage the fulfilment of the pledges made by the participants at the Conference,
including financial assistance available for the implementation of the Strategy,
which has reached $10.5 billion;
14. Recognizes the risk that opium cultivation, production and trafficking
poses to the security, development and governance of Afghanistan as well as to the
region and internationally; welcomes the updated National Drug Control Strategy
presented by the Afghan Government at the London Conference; calls on the
Afghan Government, with support provided by the international community, to
pursue early implementation of the strategy; and encourages additional international
support for the four priorities identified in that Strategy including through
contributions to the Counter Narcotics Trust Fund;
15. Emphasizes the important role in monitoring the implementation of the
Compact to be played by the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board, which will
be co-chaired by the Secretary-General’s Special Representative and the
Government of Afghanistan and supported by a small secretariat;
16. Welcomes the proposal of the Secretary-General to extend the reach of
regional offices, security circumstances permitting;
17. Calls upon all Afghan and international parties to continue to cooperate
with UNAMA in the implementation of its mandate and to ensure the security and
freedom of movement of its staff throughout the country;
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18. Calls upon the Afghan Government, with the assistance of the
international community, including the Operation Enduring Freedom coalition and
the International Security Assistance Force, in accordance with their respective
designated responsibilities as they evolve, to continue to address the threat to the
security and stability of Afghanistan posed by the Taliban, Al-Qaida, other extremist
groups and criminal activities;
19. Encourages the promotion of confidence-building measures between
Afghanistan and its neighbours in the spirit of the Kabul Declaration in order to
foster dialogue and cooperation in the region in full respect for the principles of
territorial integrity, mutual respect, friendly relations and non-interference in each
other’s internal affairs;
20. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every six months
on developments in Afghanistan;
21. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Topics
Afghanistan
Year
2006
Title
The situation in Aghanistan
Related with resolutions
1589 1659
Quoted in resolutions
1746 1806 1868 1917 1974 2041 2096 2145 2210 2274 2344 2405
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA ARG COG DNK GHA GRC JPN PER QAT SVK TZA