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Resolution 1974

The situation in Afghanistan

Abstract

S/RES/1974 (2011)
Security Council Distr.: General
22 March 2011
11-27368 (E)
*1127368*
Resolution 1974 (2011)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6500th meeting, on
22 March 2011
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions on Afghanistan, in particular its resolution
1917 (2010) extending through 23 March 2011 the mandate of the United Nations
Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) as established by resolution 1662
(2006), and recalling also the report of the Security Council mission to Afghanistan,
21 to 24 June 2010 (S/2010/564),
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and national unity of Afghanistan,
Stressing the importance of a comprehensive approach to address the situation
in Afghanistan, and recognizing that there is no purely military solution to ensure
the stability of Afghanistan,
Reaffirming its continued support for the Government and people of
Afghanistan as they rebuild their country, strengthen the foundations of sustainable
peace and constitutional democracy and assume their rightful place in the
community of nations,
Welcoming the results of the Kabul International Conference on Afghanistan
held on 20 July 2010 which constituted a milestone in the Kabul Process towards
accelerated Afghan leadership and ownership, strengthened international partnership
and regional cooperation, improved Afghan governance, enhanced capabilities of
Afghan security forces, economic growth and better protection for the rights of all
Afghan citizens, including women, and welcoming specifically the commitments
made by the Afghan Government including the development of a framework,
timelines and benchmarks for the new National Priority Programmes, progress
towards transition to an Afghan security lead, improvement of governance and
tackling of corruption,
Reaffirming also the commitments made at the London Conference
(S/2010/65), which set a clear agenda and agreed priorities for the way ahead on
Afghanistan, underpinned by a comprehensive strategy to be taken forward by the
Government of Afghanistan with the support of the region, the international
community and with a central and impartial coordinating role for the United
Nations,
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Looking forward to the international Afghanistan Conference to be held in
Bonn in December 2011, under the leadership of the Government of Afghanistan,
Reaffirming also in this context its support for the implementation, under the
ownership of the Afghan people, of the commitments set out in the London and
Kabul Conference Communiqués, of the Afghanistan National Development
Strategy (ANDS) and of the National Drugs Control Strategy, recognizing the threat
posed by illicit drug production, trade, trafficking to international peace and
stability in different regions of the world, and the important role played by the
United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) in this regard, and noting that
sustained and coordinated efforts by all relevant actors are required to consolidate
progress made towards their implementation and to overcome continuing
challenges,
Stressing the central and impartial role that the United Nations continues to
play in promoting peace and stability in Afghanistan by leading the efforts of the
international community, including, jointly with the Government of Afghanistan, the
coordination and monitoring of efforts in implementing the Kabul Process through
the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board (JCMB) in support of the priorities set
up by the Government of Afghanistan and expressing its appreciation and strong
support for the ongoing efforts of the Secretary-General, his Special Representative
for Afghanistan and in particular the women and men of UNAMA who are serving
in difficult conditions to help the people of Afghanistan,
Recalling the conclusions of the Consultative Peace Jirga and welcoming the
establishment of the High Peace Council and its outreach efforts both within and
outside Afghanistan,
Recognizing the courage and dedication of millions of women and men who
exercised their right to vote, in the face of serious security threats, in the 2010
legislative elections, recognizing also the Afghan leadership in the elections,
including the work of the Independent Electoral Commission and the Electoral
Complaints Commission, welcoming the inauguration of a new Wolesi Jirga,
recalling the Government of Afghanistan’s commitments at the Kabul Conference to
long-term electoral reform, and stressing the need for completing electoral reforms
in order to ensure that future elections will be transparent, credible and democratic,
and reaffirming that Afghanistan’s peaceful future lies in the building of a stable,
secure, economically self-sufficient state, free of terrorism and narcotics and based
on strengthened democratic institutions, respect for the separation of powers,
reinforced constitutional checks and balances and the guarantee and enforcement of
citizens’ rights and obligations,
Welcoming the contribution of the International Contact Group to the United
Nations efforts in coordinating and broadening international support for
Afghanistan, in particular the outcome of the International Contact Group’s last
meeting in Jeddah, hosted by the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC),
which demonstrated the increasing support of regional and other countries for peace,
stability and development in Afghanistan,
Stressing the crucial importance of advancing regional cooperation as an
effective means to promote security, stability and economic and social development
in Afghanistan, recalling the importance of the Kabul Declaration of 22 December
2002 on Good-Neighbourly Relations (Kabul Declaration) (S/2002/1416);
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welcoming, in this regard, the continued commitment of the international
community to support stability and development in Afghanistan, noting international
and regional initiatives such as the Istanbul “Heart of Asia” Summit, the
quadrilateral Summit of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan and the Russian
Federation, as well as by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and looking
forward to the Fifth Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan
(RECCA) to be held in Tajikistan in the fall of this year,
Welcoming the efforts of countries that are increasing their civilian and
humanitarian efforts to assist the Government and the people of Afghanistan and
encouraging the international community to further enhance their contributions in a
coordinated manner with the Afghan authorities and UNAMA,
Welcoming also the agreement reached at the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization’s (NATO) Lisbon Summit 2010 between the Government of
Afghanistan and countries contributing to the International Security Assistance
Force (ISAF) to gradually transfer lead security responsibility in Afghanistan to the
Afghan National Security Forces country-wide by the end of 2014, taking note of
the Declaration by NATO and the Government of the Islamic Republic of
Afghanistan on an enduring partnership signed in Lisbon on 20 November 2010
acknowledging the joint efforts under the Inteqal/Transition process, welcoming the
progress made so far in preparing the transition of a first tranche of provinces and
municipal areas, and looking forward to the continued implementation of the
Transition process,
Recognizing once again the interconnected nature of the challenges in
Afghanistan, reaffirming that sustainable progress on security, governance, human
rights, the rule of law, and development, as well as the cross-cutting issues of
anti-corruption, counter-narcotics and transparency are mutually reinforcing and
welcoming the continuing efforts of the Afghan Government and the international
community to address these challenges through a comprehensive approach,
Stressing the importance of a comprehensive approach in addressing the
challenges in Afghanistan to a successful transition to Afghan security leadership
beginning in early 2011, recognizing that security gains must be supported by
progress in Afghan governance and development capacity and noting, in this
context, the synergies in the objectives of UNAMA and of ISAF as also noted in
resolution 1943 (2010), and stressing the need for strengthened cooperation,
coordination and mutual support, taking due account of their respective designated
responsibilities,
Reiterating the need for all United Nations agencies, funds and programmes,
through the Country Team mechanism and a “One-UN” Approach and under the
guidance of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, to increase efforts
to achieve greater coherence, coordination, efficiency and full alignment with the
National Priority Programmes identified by the Government of Afghanistan,
Stressing the need to further improve the reach, quality and quantity of
humanitarian aid, ensuring efficient, effective and timely coordination and delivery
of humanitarian assistance, including through enhanced coordination among the
United Nations agencies, funds and programmes under the authority of the Special
Representative of the Secretary-General and between the United Nations and other
donors, especially where it is most needed, emphasizing in this regard the need for
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all, within the framework of humanitarian assistance, of upholding and respecting
the humanitarian principles, of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence,
Reiterating its concern about the security situation in Afghanistan, in particular
the ongoing violent and terrorist activities by the Taliban, Al-Qaida, other violent
extremist groups, illegal armed groups, criminals and those involved in the
production, trafficking or trade of illicit drugs, and the strong links between
terrorism activities and illicit drugs, resulting in threats to the local population,
including children, national security forces and international military and civilian
personnel,
Recognizing the continuously alarming threats posed by the Taliban, Al-Qaida,
other violent extremist groups and illegal armed groups as well as the challenges
related to the efforts to address such threats, and expressing its serious concern over
the harmful consequences of violent and terrorist activities by the Taliban, Al-Qaida,
other violent extremist groups and illegal armed groups on the capacity of the
Afghan Government to guarantee the rule of law, to provide security and basic
services to the Afghan people, and to ensure the improvement and protection of their
human rights and fundamental freedoms,
Recalling its resolutions 1674 (2006), 1738 (2006) and 1894 (2009) on the
protection of civilians in armed conflict, expressing its serious concern with the
increased high number of civilian casualties in Afghanistan, in particular women
and children casualties, the large majority of which are caused by the Taliban,
Al-Qaida, other violent extremist groups and illegal armed groups, reaffirming that
all parties to armed conflict must take all feasible steps to ensure the protection of
affected civilians, calling for all parties to comply with their obligations under
international humanitarian and human rights law and for all appropriate measures to
be taken to ensure the protection of civilians, and recognizing the importance of the
ongoing monitoring and reporting to the United Nations Security Council, including
by ISAF, of the situation of civilians and in particular civilian casualties, taking note
of the progress made by Afghan and international forces in minimizing the civilian
casualties,
Expressing also concern with the serious threat that anti-personnel mines,
remnants of war and improvised explosive devices pose to the civilian population,
and stressing the need to refrain from the use of weapons and devices prohibited by
international law,
Supporting the Afghan Government’s continued ban of Ammonium Nitrate
fertilizer, and urging prompt action to implement regulations for the control of all
explosive materials and precursor chemicals, thereby reducing the ability of
insurgents to use them for improvised explosive devices,
Recalling the declaration addressed to the International Narcotics Control
Board (INCB) by the Government of Afghanistan that there is no legal use for acetic
anhydride in Afghanistan for the time being and that producing and exporting
countries should abstain from authorizing the export of this substance to
Afghanistan without the request from the Afghan Government, and encouraging,
pursuant to resolution 1817 (2008), Member States to increase their cooperation
with the INCB, notably by fully complying with the provisions of article 12 of the
United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, 1988,
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Recalling its resolutions 1265 (1999), 1296 (2000), 1674 (2006), 1738 (2006)
and 1894 (2009) on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, its resolutions 1325
(2000), 1820 (2008) and 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010) on women and
peace and security, and its resolution 1612 (2005) and 1882 (2009) on children and
armed conflict, and taking note of the report of the Secretary-General (S/2011/55)
on Children and Armed Conflict in Afghanistan,
1. Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General of 11 March 2011
(S/2011/120);
2. Expresses its appreciation for the United Nations’ long-term commitment
to work with the Government and the people of Afghanistan and reiterates its full
support to the work of UNAMA and the Special Representative of the Secretary-
General;
3. Decides to extend until 23 March 2012 the mandate of UNAMA, as
defined in its resolutions 1662 (2006), 1746 (2007), 1806 (2008), 1868 (2009), 1917
(2010) and paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 below;
4. Calls on the United Nations, with the support of the international
community, to support the Government of Afghanistan’s National Priority
Programmes covering the issues of security, governance, justice and economic and
social development and to support the full implementation of mutual commitments
made on these issues at the Kabul and London Conferences, as well as on
continuing implementation of the National Drug Control Strategy, and requests that
UNAMA assist the Government of Afghanistan on its way towards Afghan
leadership, as defined by the Kabul process;
5. Decides further that UNAMA and the Special Representative of the
Secretary-General, within their mandate and guided by the principle of reinforcing
Afghan sovereignty, ownership and leadership, will continue to lead the
international civilian efforts, in accordance with the London and Kabul Conference
Communiqués, and with a particular focus on the priorities laid out below:
(a) promote, as co-chair of the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board
(JCMB), more coherent support by the international community to the Afghan
Government’s development and governance priorities, including through supporting
the ongoing development of the new National Priority Programmes, mobilization of
resources, coordination of international donors and organizations, and direction of
the contributions of United Nations agencies, funds and programmes, in particular
for counter-narcotics, reconstruction and development activities; at the same time,
support efforts to increase the proportion of development aid delivered through the
Afghan Government, and support efforts to increase the transparency and
effectiveness of the Afghan Government’s use of such resources;
(b) strengthen the cooperation with ISAF and the NATO Senior Civilian
Representative at all levels and throughout the country in support of the transition to
Afghan leadership agreed to at the Kabul and London Conferences and the Lisbon
Summit, in a sustainable manner to ensure the protection and promotion of the
rights of all Afghans, in accordance with their existing mandates, in order to
improve civil-military coordination, to facilitate the timely exchange of information
and, to ensure coherence between the activities of national and international security
forces and of civilian actors in support of an Afghan-led development and
stabilization process, including through engagement with provincial reconstruction
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teams and engagement with non-governmental organizations, in particular through
its participation on the Joint Afghan-NATO Inteqal Board (JANIB) as an observer;
(c) provide outreach as well as good offices to support, if requested by the
Afghan Government, the Afghan-led process of peace and reconciliation, including
through the implementation of the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme and
proposing and supporting confidence building measures within the framework of the
Afghan constitution and with full respect for the implementation of measures and
application of the procedures introduced by the Security Council in its resolutions
1267 (1999), 1822 (2008) and 1904 (2009) as well as other relevant resolutions of
the Council;
(d) support, at the request of the Afghan authorities, the organization of
future Afghan elections, as well as supporting work on the sustainability and
integrity of the electoral process, as agreed at the London and Kabul Conferences;
and provide capacity building and technical assistance to the Afghan institutions
involved in this process;
6. Also reaffirms that UNAMA and the Special Representative will continue
to lead international civilian efforts in the following priority areas:
(a) support regional cooperation to work towards a stable and prosperous
Afghanistan, building on the achievements made;
(b) through a strengthened UNAMA presence, promote, in support of the
Afghan Government’s efforts, implementation of the Kabul Process throughout the
country including through enhanced cooperation with the United Nations Office on
Drugs and Crime, and facilitate inclusion in and understanding of the Government’s
policies;
(c) support the efforts of the Afghan Government to improve governance and
the rule of law including transitional justice, budget execution and the fight against
corruption, throughout the country in accordance with the Kabul Process, with a
view to helping bring the benefits of peace and the delivery of services in a timely
and sustainable manner;
(d) continue, with the support of the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights, to cooperate with the Afghan Independent Human
Rights Commission (AIHRC), to cooperate also with the Afghan Government and
relevant international and local non-governmental organizations to monitor the
situation of civilians, to coordinate efforts to ensure their protection, to promote
accountability, and to assist in the full implementation of the fundamental freedoms
and human rights provisions of the Afghan Constitution and international treaties to
which Afghanistan is a State party, in particular those regarding the full enjoyment
by women of their human rights;
(e) to coordinate and facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance, in
support of the Afghan Government and in accordance with humanitarian principles,
with a view to building the capacity of the Government so it can assume the central
and coordinating role in the future, including by providing effective support to
national and local authorities in assisting and protecting internally displaced persons
and to creating conditions conducive to the voluntary, safe, dignified and sustainable
return of refugees and internally displaced persons;
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7. Calls upon all Afghan and international parties to coordinate with
UNAMA in the implementation of its mandate and in efforts to promote the security
and freedom of movement of United Nations and associated personnel throughout
the country;
8. Reiterates the need to ensure security of United Nations staff and its
support for the measures already taken by the Secretary-General in this regard;
9. Stresses the importance of a strong presence of UNAMA and other
United Nations agencies, funds and programmes in the provinces, encourages the
Secretary-General to continue his current efforts to take necessary measures to
address the security issues associated with their presence, and strongly supports the
authority of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in the coordination
of all activities of United Nations agencies, funds and programmes in Afghanistan;
10. Underscores the importance of a sustainable democratic development in
Afghanistan with all Afghan institutions acting within their clearly defined areas of
competence, in accordance with the relevant laws and the Afghan Constitution and
welcomes, in this regard, the commitment of the Government of Afghanistan to
work closely with the United Nations to build on the lessons learned from the 2009
and 2010 elections to deliver further improvements to the electoral process,
including addressing the sustainability of the electoral process, and, taking into
account the commitments made at the London and Kabul Conferences, reaffirms
UNAMA’s leading role in supporting, at the request of the Afghan Government, the
realization of these commitments, and requests that, upon the request of the
Government of Afghanistan, UNAMA provide technical assistance to the relevant
Afghan institutions to support constructive electoral reforms; and further calls upon
members of the international community to provide assistance as appropriate;
11. Welcomes the renewed efforts of the Afghan Government, including
through the national Consultative Peace Jirga held in June 2010, the establishment
of the High Peace Council and the implementation of the Afghanistan Peace and
Reintegration Programme, to promote dialogue with those elements in opposition to
the Government who are ready to renounce violence, break ties with Al-Qaida and
other terrorist organizations, denounce terrorism and accept the Afghan
Constitution, particularly as it relates to gender and human rights issues, and
encourages the Government of Afghanistan to make use of UNAMA’s good offices
to support this process as appropriate, in full respect of the implementation of
measures and procedures introduced by the Security Council in its resolution 1267
(1999), 1822 (2008) and 1904 (2009) as well as other relevant resolutions of the
Council, also welcomes the measures taken by the Government of Afghanistan, and
encourages it to continue to increase the participation of women, minorities and
civil society in outreach and consultation processes, and recalls that women can
play a vital role in the peace process, as recognized in Security Council resolution
1325 (2010) and related resolutions;
12. Stresses the role of UNAMA in supporting the process of peace and
reconciliation, including the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme, as
mandated in this Resolution, and encourages the international community to assist
the efforts of the Government of Afghanistan in this regard including through
continued support to the Peace and Reintegration Trust Fund and, in this context,
notes the conference on reintegration to be hosted by the Afghan Government in
Kabul in the spring of this year;
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13. Welcomes ongoing efforts by the Government of Afghanistan, its
neighbouring and regional partners and international organizations including the
Organization of the Islamic Conference to foster trust and cooperation with each
other as well as recent cooperation initiatives developed by the countries concerned
and regional organizations, including the Fifth Trilateral Summit of Afghanistan,
Pakistan and Turkey held in Istanbul and the results of the latest Istanbul
Conference of 3 November 2010, notes the proposed Afghanistan Regional
Conference to be organized by Turkey and looks forward to the Fifth Regional
Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan (RECCA) to be held in
Tajikistan in the fall of this year, further welcomes the reaffirmation in the Kabul
Conference Communiqué of the principles set out in the Good Neighbourly
Relations Declaration of 2002, and stresses the importance of increasing
cooperation between Afghanistan and its partners against the Taliban, Al-Qaida,
other violent extremist groups and illegal armed groups, in promoting peace and
prosperity in Afghanistan and in fostering cooperation in the economic and
development sectors as a means to achieve the full integration of Afghanistan into
regional dynamics and the global economy;
14. Reaffirms the central role played by the JCMB in coordinating,
facilitating and monitoring the implementation of the Afghanistan National
Development Strategy (ANDS) and the National Priority Programmes and calls
upon all relevant actors to enhance their cooperation with the JCMB in this regard
with a view to further improve its efficiency;
15. Calls on international donors and organizations and the Afghan
Government to adhere to their commitments made at the Kabul Conference and
previous international conferences, and reiterates the importance of further efforts
in improving aid coordination and effectiveness, including by ensuring transparency,
combating corruption; and enhancing the capacity of Government of Afghanistan to
coordinate aid;
16. Calls upon the Afghan Government, with the assistance of the
international community, including ISAF and the Operation Enduring Freedom
coalition, in accordance with their respective designated responsibilities as they
evolve, to continue to address the threat to the security and stability of Afghanistan
posed by the Taliban, Al-Qaida, other violent extremist groups, illegal armed
groups, criminals and those involved in the production, trafficking or trade of illicit
drugs;
17. Condemns in the strongest terms all attacks, including Improvised
Explosive Device attacks, suicide attacks, assassinations and abductions, targeting
civilians and Afghan and international forces and their deleterious effect on the
stabilization, reconstruction and development efforts in Afghanistan, and condemns
further the use by the Taliban and other extremist groups of civilians as human
shields;
18. Condemns also attacks against humanitarian workers, emphasizing that
the attacks impede efforts to aid the people of Afghanistan, and underlines the need
for all parties to ensure safe and unhindered access of all humanitarian actors,
including United Nations staff and associated personnel, and comply fully with
applicable international humanitarian law;
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19. Welcomes the achievements to date in the implementation of the Mine
Action Programme of Afghanistan, and encourages the Government of Afghanistan,
with the support of the United Nations and all the relevant actors, to continue its
efforts towards the removal of anti-personnel landmines, anti-tank landmines and
explosive remnants of war in order to reduce the threats posed to human life and
peace and security in the country; and expresses the need to provide assistance for
the care, rehabilitation, and economic and social reintegration of victims, including
persons with disabilities;
20. Recognizes the progress made by ISAF and other international forces in
minimizing the risk of civilian casualties, as described in the 9 March 2011
UNAMA report on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, and calls on them to
continue to take robust efforts in this regard, notably by the continuous review of
tactics and procedures and the conduct of after-action reviews and investigations in
cooperation with the Afghan Government in cases where civilian casualties have
occurred and when the Afghan Government finds these joint investigations
appropriate;
21. Emphasizes the importance of ensuring access for relevant organizations,
as applicable, to all prisons and places of detention in Afghanistan, and calls for full
respect for relevant international law including humanitarian law and human rights
law;
22. Expresses its strong concern about the recruitment and use of children by
Taliban forces in Afghanistan as well as the killing and maiming of children as a
result of the conflict, reiterates its strong condemnation of the recruitment and use
of child soldiers in violation of applicable international law and all other violations
and abuses committed against children in situations of armed conflict, in particular
attacks against schools, education and health care facilities, and the use of children
in suicide attacks, calls for those responsible to be brought to justice, stresses the
importance of implementing Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and 1882
(2009), in this context, and requests the Secretary-General to continue to strengthen
the child protection component of UNAMA, in particular through the appointment
of child protection advisers;
23. Welcomes the recent signing of a comprehensive, time-bound and
verifiable Action Plan between the Government of Afghanistan and the United
Nations to halt the use and recruitment of children into the Afghan National Security
Forces;
24. Reiterates the importance of increasing, in a comprehensive framework,
the functionality, professionalism and accountability of the Afghan security sector
through appropriate vetting procedures, training, mentoring, equipping and
empowerment efforts, for both women and men, in order to accelerate progress
towards the goal of self-sufficient and ethnically balanced Afghan security forces
providing security and ensuring the rule of law throughout the country;
25. Welcomes in this context the continued progress in the development of
the Afghan National Army and its improved ability to plan and undertake
operations, and encourages sustained training efforts, including through the
contribution of trainers, resources and Operational Mentoring and Liaison Teams
through the NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan, and advice in developing a
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sustainable defence planning process as well as assistance in defence reform
initiatives;
26. Takes note of the ongoing efforts of the Afghan authorities to enhance the
capabilities of the Afghan National Police, calls for further efforts towards that goal
and stresses the importance, in this context, of international assistance through
financial support and provision of trainers and mentors, including the contribution
of the NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan, the European Gendarmerie Force
(EGF) contribution to this mission and the European Union through its police
mission (EUPOL Afghanistan);
27. Welcomes the progress in the implementation by the Afghan Government
of the programme of disbandment of illegal armed groups and its integration with
the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme, and calls for accelerated and
harmonized efforts for further progress, with support from the international
community;
28. Takes note of the recent progress in addressing and the drop in opium
production, remains concerned at the serious harm that opium cultivation,
production and trafficking and consumption continue to cause to the security,
development and governance of Afghanistan as well as to the region and
internationally, calls on the Afghan Government, with the assistance of the
international community, to accelerate the implementation of the National Drug
Control Strategy, including through alternative livelihood programmes, and to
mainstream counter-narcotics throughout national programmes, and encourages
additional international support for the four priorities identified in that Strategy;
commends the support provided by the UNODC to the Triangular Initiative and the
Central Asian Regional Coordination and Information Centre (CARICC) within the
framework of the Paris Pact Initiative and the Rainbow Strategy; as well as the
contribution of Domodedovo Police Academy of Russia;
29. Calls upon States to strengthen international and regional cooperation to
counter the threat to the international community posed by the production,
trafficking, and consumption of illicit drugs originating in Afghanistan, in
accordance with the principle of common and shared responsibility in addressing the
drug problem of Afghanistan including through strengthening the law enforcement
capacity and cooperation against the trafficking in illicit drugs and precursor
chemicals and money-laundering and corruption linked to such trafficking, notes the
proposed Third Ministerial Conference on Drug Trafficking Routes from
Afghanistan to be held in 2011 within the framework of the Paris Pact initiative and
its “Paris-Moscow” process, and, in this regard, calls for full implementation of its
resolution 1817 (2008);
30. Calls for the continuation of the Paris Pact initiative in countering the
production, trafficking and consumption of opium and heroin from Afghanistan and
the elimination of poppy crops, drug laboratories and stores as well as the
interception of drug convoys, underlines the importance of border management
cooperation and welcomes the intensified cooperation of the relevant United Nations
institutions with the OSCE and the Collective Security Treaty Organization in this
regard;
31. Reiterates the importance of the full, sequenced, timely and coordinated
implementation of the National Priority Programme on Law and Justice for All, by
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all the relevant Afghan institutions and other actors in view of accelerating the
establishment of a fair and transparent justice system, eliminating impunity and
contributing to the affirmation of the rule of law throughout the country;
32. Stresses in this context the importance of further progress in the
reconstruction and reform of the prison sector in Afghanistan, in order to improve
the respect for the rule of law and human rights therein;
33. Notes with strong concern the effects of widespread corruption on
security, good governance, counter-narcotics efforts and economic development, and
urges the Afghan Government, with the assistance of the international community,
to vigorously lead the fight against corruption, and to enhance its efforts to establish
a more effective, accountable and transparent administration;
34. Encourages all Afghan institutions, including the executive and
legislative branches, to work in a spirit of cooperation, calls on the Afghan
Government to pursue continued legislative and public administration reform in
order to ensure good governance, with full representation of all Afghan women and
men, and accountability at both national and subnational levels, and stresses the
need for further international efforts to provide technical assistance in this area;
35. Calls for full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and
international humanitarian law throughout Afghanistan, welcomes the growth in
Afghan free media, but notes with concern the continued restrictions on freedom of
media, and attacks against journalists, commends the Afghanistan Independent
Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) for its courageous efforts to monitor respect
for human rights in Afghanistan as well as to foster and protect these rights and to
promote the emergence of a pluralistic civil society, and stresses the importance of
full cooperation with the AIHRC by all relevant actors; and supports broad
engagement across government agencies and civil society for the realization of the
mutual commitments made, including the commitment to provide sufficient
government financing for the AIHRC;
36. Recognizes that despite progress achieved on gender equality, enhanced
efforts are necessary to secure the rights of women and girls, strongly condemns
continuing forms of discrimination and violence against women and girls, in
particular violence aimed at preventing girls from attending schools, stresses the
importance of implementing Security Council resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008),
1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010), and of ensuring that women fleeing
domestic violence are able to find save and secure refuge;
37. Welcomes the Afghan Government’s commitment to strengthen the
participation of women in all Afghan governance institutions, including elected and
appointed bodies and the civil service, supports efforts to accelerate implementation
of the National Action Plan for Women in Afghanistan (NAPWA), to integrate its
benchmarks into the National Priority Programmes and to develop a strategy to
implement the Elimination of Violence Against Women (EVAW) law, including
services to victims, recalls that the promotion and protection of women’s rights are
an integral part of peace, reintegration and reconciliation, and requests the
Secretary-General to continue to include in its reports to the Security Council
relevant information on the process of integration of women into the political,
economic and social life of Afghanistan;
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38. Welcomes the cooperation of the Afghan Government and UNAMA with
the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) with
the implementation of resolution 1904 (2009), including by providing relevant
information for updating the Consolidated List, and by identifying individuals and
entities participating in the financing or support of acts or activities of Al-Qaida and
the Taliban using proceeds derived from illicit cultivation, production and
trafficking of narcotic drugs and their precursors, and encourages the continuation
of such cooperation;
39. Calls for strengthening the process of regional economic cooperation,
including measures to facilitate regional trade, to increase foreign investments and
to develop infrastructure, noting Afghanistan’s historic role as a land bridge in Asia;
40. Recognizes the importance of voluntary, safe, orderly return and
sustainable reintegration of the remaining Afghan refugees for the stability of the
country and the region, and calls for continued and enhanced international
assistance in this regard;
41. Affirms also the importance of voluntary, safe, orderly return and
sustainable reintegration of the internally displaced persons;
42. Requests that the Secretary-General reports to the Council every three
months on developments in Afghanistan, and to include in his reports an evaluation
of progress made against the benchmarks for measuring and tracking progress in the
implementation of UNAMA’s mandate and priorities as set out in this resolution;
43. Further requests that the Secretary-General conduct a comprehensive
review of UNAMA’s mandated activities and the United Nations’ support in
Afghanistan, including UNAMA’s presence throughout the country, in consultation
with the Afghan Government and relevant international stakeholders, by the end of
2011, with the aim of strengthening national ownership and leadership consistent
with the Kabul Process, taking into account the evolving nature of the international
community’s presence and the role of ISAF, and including first experiences with the
Transition (Inteqal), with a view to informing the Council’s review of UNAMA’s
mandate in March 2012; and calls on all actors concerned to cooperate with
UNAMA in this process;
44. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Topics
Afghanistan
Year
2011
Title
The situation in Afghanistan
Related with resolutions
1265 1267 1296 1325 1612 1662 1674 1738 1746 1806 1817 1820 1822 1868 1882 1888 1889 1894 1904 1917 1943 1960 1988
Quoted in resolutions
2011 2041 2096 2145 2210 2274 2344 2405
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA BIH BRA COL DEU GAB IND LBN NGA PRT ZAF