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Resolution 2096

The situation in Afghanistan

Abstract

S/RES/2096 (2013)*
Security Council Distr.: General
19 March 2013
13-26388* (E)
*1326388*
Resolution 2096 (2013)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6935th meeting, on
19 March 2013
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions on Afghanistan, in particular its resolution
2041 (2012) extending through 23 March 2013 the mandate of the United Nations
Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) as established by resolution 1662
(2006),
Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and national unity of Afghanistan,
Reiterating support for the Transition (Inteqal) process which will entail the
assumption of full responsibility by Afghanistan’s institutions in the security sector,
consistent with the London, Kabul, Bonn and Tokyo Conferences and the Lisbon
and Chicago Summits, recognizing that transition is not only a security process but
also entails the full assumption of Afghan leadership and ownership in governance
and development, and affirming that the United Nations support in Afghanistan
takes full account of the transition process in Afghanistan,
Emphasizing the Kabul Process towards the primary objective of accelerated
Afghan leadership and ownership, strengthened international partnership and
regional cooperation, improved Afghan governance, enhanced capabilities of
Afghan security forces, economic growth and better protection for the rights of all
Afghan citizens, including women and girls, and welcoming specifically the
commitments made by the Afghan Government,
Stressing the importance of a comprehensive approach to address the security,
economic, governance and development challenges in Afghanistan, which are of an
interconnected nature, and recognizing that there is no purely military solution to
ensure the stability of Afghanistan,
Reaffirming its continued support for the Government and people of
Afghanistan as they rebuild their country, and strengthen the foundations of
sustainable peace and constitutional democracy,
* Reissued for technical reasons on 25 March 2013.
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Welcoming the International Afghanistan Conference in Bonn on 5 December
2011 and its Conference Conclusions (S/2011/762), as well as the declaration in
Bonn that the Process of Transition, to be completed by the end of 2014, should be
followed by a Decade of Transformation (2015-2024),
Welcoming also the process by which Afghanistan and its regional and
international partners are entering into long-term strategic partnership and other
agreements, aimed at achieving a peaceful, stable and prosperous Afghanistan,
Welcoming further the strategic consensus between the Government of
Afghanistan and the International Community on a renewed and enduring
partnership for this Transformation Decade based on firm mutual commitments, and
welcoming the conclusions of the Tokyo Conference on Afghanistan (S/2012/532)
and the adoption of the Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework to support the
sustainable economic growth and development of Afghanistan, in which the
Government of Afghanistan and the International Community reaffirmed their
mutual commitments,
Reaffirming that sustainable progress on security, governance, human rights,
rule of law and development as well as the cross-cutting issues of counter-narcotics,
anti-corruption and accountability are mutually reinforcing and that governance and
development programmes prioritized for implementation in transition should be
consistent with the goals set forth in the Tokyo Declaration and the National Priority
Programmes and welcoming the continuing efforts of the Government of
Afghanistan and the international community to address these challenges through a
comprehensive approach,
Reaffirming specifically in this context its support for the implementation,
under the leadership and ownership of the Afghan people, of the commitments set
out in the London (S/2011/65) and Kabul Conference Communiqués, of the
Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) and of the National Drugs
Control Strategy, as part of the comprehensive implementation strategy to be taken
forward by the Government of Afghanistan with the support of the region and the
international community and with a central and impartial coordinating role for the
United Nations, consistent with the Kabul Process and in line with the National
Priority Programmes,
Stressing the crucial importance of advancing regional cooperation as an
effective means to promote security, stability and economic and social development
in Afghanistan, recalling the importance of the Kabul Declaration of 22 December
2002 on Good-Neighbourly Relations (Kabul Declaration) (S/2002/1416),
welcoming, in this regard, the continued commitment of the international
community to support stability and development in Afghanistan, and noting
international and regional initiatives such as the Istanbul Process on Regional
Security and Cooperation for a Secure and Stable Afghanistan, the quadrilateral
Summit of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan and the Russian Federation as well as
the Trilateral Summit of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan, the Trilateral Summit of
Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkey and the Trilateral Summit of Afghanistan,
Pakistan and the UK, as well those as by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization
(SCO), the Collective Security Organization (CSTO) and the South Asian
Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Regional Economic
Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan (RECCA) process,
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Commending the outcome of the Heart of Asia Ministerial Conference, which
convened in Kabul on 14 June 2012, as the first follow-up to the Istanbul
Conference for Afghanistan, held in Istanbul in November 2011, where Afghanistan
and its regional partners reaffirmed their commitment to strengthen regional security
and cooperation for a secure and stable Afghanistan, including through enhanced
regional dialogue and confidence building measures, welcoming the outcome of the
Senior Officials Meeting, held in February 2013 in Baku, where the confidence
building measures on Counter-Terrorism, Counter-Narcotics and Trade, Commerce
and Investment Opportunity were endorsed, and those on Education, Disaster
Management and Regional Infrastructure were endorsed in principle, looks forward
to the next Heart of Asia Ministerial Meeting in Almaty, to be held on 26 April
2013; noting that the Istanbul Process is intended to complement and cooperate
with, and not substitute for, existing efforts of regional organizations, particularly
where they relate to Afghanistan,
Welcoming also the outcome of the International Conference on the Solutions
Strategy for Afghan Refugees to Support Voluntary Repatriation, Sustainable
Reintegration and Assistance to Host Countries, held in Geneva on 2 and 3 May
2012, and looking forward to the further implementation of the joint communiqué of
the Conference, aimed at increased sustainability of returns and continued support
for host countries, through sustained support and directed efforts of the international
community,
Stressing the central and impartial role that the United Nations will continue to
play in promoting peace and stability in Afghanistan by leading the efforts of the
international community, including, jointly with the Government of Afghanistan, the
coordination and monitoring of efforts in implementing the Kabul Process through
the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board (JCMB) in support of the priorities set
up by the Government of Afghanistan and affirmed at the Tokyo Conference; and
expressing its appreciation and strong support for the ongoing efforts of the
Secretary-General, his Special Representative for Afghanistan and in particular the
women and men of UNAMA who are serving in difficult conditions to help the
people of Afghanistan,
Reaffirming that, consistent with the transition process, the role of
international actors will evolve further from direct service delivery to support and
capacity building for Afghan institutions, enabling the Government of Afghanistan
to exercise its sovereign authority in all its functions, including the phasing out of
all Provincial Reconstruction Teams, as well as the dissolution of any structures
duplicating the functions and authority of the Government of Afghanistan at the
national and subnational levels,
Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and inclusive, Afghan-led and
Afghan-owned political process in Afghanistan to support reconciliation for all
those who are prepared to reconcile as laid forth in the 20 July 2010 Kabul
Conference Communiqué on dialogue for all those who renounce violence, have no
links to international terrorist organizations, including Al-Qaida, respect the
constitution, including its human rights provisions, notably the rights of women, and
are willing to join in building a peaceful Afghanistan, and further elaborated in the
5 December 2011 Bonn Conference Conclusions supported by the Government of
Afghanistan and the international community, with full respect for the
implementation of measures and application of the procedures introduced by the
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Security Council in its resolutions 1267 (1999), 1988 (2011) and 2082 (2012), and
in this context, welcoming recent momentum in the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned
process of peace and reconciliation, welcoming also the activities of the High Peace
Council and all efforts aimed at advancing a comprehensive political process,
welcoming also the decision taken by some members of the Taliban to reconcile
with the Government of Afghanistan, to reject the terrorist ideology of Al-Qaida and
its followers, and to support a peaceful resolution to the continuing conflict in
Afghanistan, underlines the importance of a comprehensive political process in
Afghanistan to support peace and reconciliation among all Afghans,
Recalling the Government of Afghanistan’s commitments at the Kabul and
Tokyo Conferences to strengthen and improve Afghanistan’s electoral process,
including long-term electoral reform, in order to ensure that future elections will be
transparent, credible, inclusive and democratic, welcoming the Presidential decree of
26 July 2012, and the announcement by the Independent Electoral Commission of
the date for the 2014 presidential and provincial council elections, and Afghan
preparations for those elections,
Reaffirming that Afghanistan’s peaceful future lies in the building of a stable,
secure, economically sustainable state, free of terrorism and narcotics and based on
the rule of law, strengthened democratic institutions, respect for the separation of
powers, reinforced constitutional checks and balances and the guarantee and
enforcement of citizens’ rights and obligations, welcoming the contribution of the
International Contact Group to the United Nations efforts in coordinating and
broadening international support for Afghanistan,
Emphasizing once again the agreements reached at the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization’s (NATO) Lisbon and Chicago Summits between the Government of
Afghanistan and countries contributing to the International Security Assistance
Force (ISAF) to gradually transfer full security responsibility in Afghanistan to the
Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) country-wide by the end of 2014, taking
note of the Declaration by NATO and the Government of the Islamic Republic of
Afghanistan on an enduring partnership signed in Lisbon on 20 November 2010,
acknowledging the joint efforts under the Transition (Inteqal) process, welcoming
the progress made so far in the implementation of the first, second and third
tranches of Transition, welcoming also the announcement in December 2012 of the
fourth tranche of districts and provinces to undergo transition, and looking forward
to the phased and responsible extension of the process to the rest of the country with
the fifth and final tranche of Transition,
Underlining the importance of operationally capable, professional and
sustainable Afghan National Security Forces for meeting Afghanistan’s security
needs, with a view to lasting peace, security and stability, stressing the long-term
commitment, beyond 2014, and into the Transformation Decade (2015-2024), of the
international community to support the further development, including training, and
professionalization of the Afghan National Security Forces,
Welcoming the Chicago Summit Joint Declaration on Afghanistan which
stresses the long-term commitment, beyond 2014, to lasting peace, security and
stability in Afghanistan, noting the decision of the Government of Afghanistan and
NATO for NATO to work towards continuing to train, advise and assist the Afghan
National Security Forces after 2014, noting the responsibility of the Government of
Afghanistan to sustain a sufficient and capable ANSF supported by the international
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community, as decided at the International Conference on Afghanistan in Bonn on
5 December 2011, through training, equipping, financing and capability
development of the ANSF beyond the end of the transition period, welcoming as
reaffirmed in the Chicago Summit Joint Declaration the financial sustainment of the
ANSF with a clear view to the assumption, no later than 2024, of full financial
responsibility for its own security forces by the Government of Afghanistan,
Recognizing that security gains must be supported by progress in Afghan
governance and development capacity, noting, in this context, the objectives of
UNAMA and of ISAF as also noted in resolution 2069 (2012), and stressing the
need for optimized cooperation, coordination and mutual support, taking due
account of their respective designated responsibilities,
Reiterating the need for all United Nations agencies, funds and programmes,
through the Country Team mechanism and a “One-UN” approach under the
guidance of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, to increase efforts,
in full consultation and cooperation with the Government of Afghanistan, to achieve
greater coherence, coordination, efficiency and full alignment with the National
Priority Programmes identified by the Government of Afghanistan,
Welcoming the efforts of countries that are increasing their civilian, including
humanitarian, efforts to assist the Government and the people of Afghanistan and
encouraging the international community to further enhance their contributions in a
coordinated manner with the Afghan authorities and UNAMA, with a view to
strengthening Afghan leadership and ownership, as reaffirmed at the Tokyo
Conference in July 2012,
Stressing the need to further improve the reach, quality and quantity of
humanitarian aid, ensuring efficient, effective and timely coordination and delivery
of humanitarian assistance, including through enhanced coordination among the
United Nations agencies, funds and programmes under the authority of the Special
Representative of the Secretary-General and between the United Nations and other
donors, especially where it is most needed, supporting the Afghan Government to
increasingly take the lead in coordinating humanitarian assistance to its citizens,
Emphasizing the need for all, within the framework of humanitarian
assistance, of upholding and respecting the humanitarian principles, of humanity,
neutrality, impartiality and independence,
Reiterating its concern about the security situation in Afghanistan, in particular
the ongoing violent and terrorist activities by the Taliban, Al-Qaida and other
violent and extremist groups, illegal armed groups, criminals and those involved in
the production, trafficking or trade of illicit drugs, and the strong links between
terrorism activities and illicit drugs, resulting in threats to the local population,
including women, children, national security forces and international military and
civilian personnel,
Recognizing the continuously alarming threats posed by the Taliban, Al-Qaida
and other violent and extremist groups and illegal armed groups as well as the
challenges related to the efforts to address such threats, and expressing its serious
concern over the harmful consequences of violent and terrorist activities by the
Taliban, Al-Qaida and other violent and extremist groups and illegal armed groups
on the capacity of the Afghan Government to guarantee the rule of law, to provide
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security and basic services to the Afghan people, and to ensure the improvement and
protection of their human rights and fundamental freedoms,
Recalling its resolutions 1674 (2006), 1738 (2006) and 1894 (2009) on the
protection of civilians in armed conflict, expressing its serious concern with the high
number of civilian casualties in Afghanistan, in particular women and children, the
increasingly large majority of which are caused by the Taliban, Al-Qaida and other
violent and extremist groups and illegal armed groups, reaffirming that all parties to
armed conflict must take all feasible steps to ensure the protection of civilians,
calling for all parties to comply with their obligations under international law
including international humanitarian and human rights law and for all appropriate
measures to be taken to ensure the protection of civilians, and recognizing the
importance of the ongoing monitoring and reporting to the United Nations Security
Council, including ISAF, of the situation of civilians and in particular civilian
casualties, taking note of the progress made by Afghan and international forces in
minimizing civilian casualties, as recognized in the 19 February 2013 report by
UNAMA on the protection of civilians in armed conflict,
Expressing also concern with the serious threat that anti-personnel mines,
remnants of war and Improvised Explosive Devices pose to the civilian population,
and stressing the need to refrain from the use of weapons and devices prohibited by
international law,
Encouraging the international community and regional partners to further
effectively support Afghan-led sustained efforts to address drug production and
trafficking, notably through the JCMB’s working group on counter-narcotics as well
as regional initiatives, recognizing the threat posed by the production, trade and
trafficking of illicit drugs to international peace and stability in different regions of
the world, and the important role played by the United Nations Office on Drug and
Crime (UNODC) in this regard, and stressing the important role of the United
Nations to continue to monitor the drug situation in Afghanistan,
Stressing the need for coordinated regional efforts to combat the drug problem,
and in this regard welcoming the Regional Ministerial Conference on Counter-
Narcotics in Islamabad on 12 and 13 November 2012, aimed at enhancing regional
cooperation to counter-narcotics,
Supporting the Afghan Government’s continued ban of Ammonium Nitrate
fertilizer, and urging prompt action to implement regulations for the control of all
explosive materials and precursor chemicals, thereby reducing the ability of
insurgents to use them for improvised explosive devices, and calling upon the
international community to support the Afghan Government’s efforts in this regard,
Welcoming the ongoing work of the Paris Pact Initiative as one of the most
important frameworks in the fight against opiates originating in Afghanistan, taking
note of the Vienna Declaration, and emphasizing the aim of the Paris Pact to
establish a broad international coalition to combat the traffic of illicit opiates, as
part of a comprehensive approach to peace, stability, and development in
Afghanistan, the region and beyond,
Recalling the declaration addressed to the International Narcotics Control
Board (INCB) by the Government of Afghanistan that there is no legal use for acetic
anhydride in Afghanistan for the time being and that producing and exporting
countries should abstain from authorizing the export of this substance to
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Afghanistan without the request from the Afghan Government, and encouraging,
pursuant to resolution 1817 (2008), Member States to increase their cooperation
with the INCB, notably by fully complying with the provisions of Article 12 of the
United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, 1988,
Recalling its resolutions 1265 (1999), 1296 (2000), 1674 (2006), 1738 (2006)
and 1894 (2009) on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, its resolutions 1325
(2000), 1820 (2008) and 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010) on women and
peace and security, and its resolution 1612 (2005), 1882 (2009), 1998 (2011), and
2068 (2012) on children and armed conflict, and taking note of the report of the
Secretary-General (S/2011/55) on Children and Armed Conflict in Afghanistan as
well as the conclusions of the Security Council Working Group on Children and
Armed Conflict (S/AC.51/2011/3),
1. Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General of 5 March 2013
(S/2013/133);
2. Expresses its appreciation for the United Nations’ long-term
commitment, including beyond 2014 and into the Transformation Decade, to support
the Government and the people of Afghanistan and reiterates its full support to the
work of UNAMA and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, and
emphasises the importance of adequate resourcing for UNAMA to fulfil its mandate;
3. Decides to extend until 19 March 2014 the mandate of UNAMA, as
defined in its resolutions 1662 (2006), 1746 (2007), 1806 (2008), 1868 (2009), 1917
(2010), 1974 (2011), 2041 (2012) and paragraphs 4, 5, 6 and 7 below;
4. Recognizes that the renewed mandate of UNAMA takes full account of
the transition process and is in support of Afghanistan’s full assumption of
leadership and ownership in the security, governance and development areas,
consistent with the understandings reached between Afghanistan and the
international community in the London, Kabul, Bonn and Tokyo Conferences and
the Lisbon and Chicago Summits;
5. Calls on the United Nations, with the support of the international
community, to support the Government of Afghanistan’s National Priority
Programmes covering the issues of security, governance, justice and economic and
social development and to support the full implementation of mutual commitments
made on these issues at international Conferences, as well as on continuing
implementation of the National Drug Control Strategy, and requests that UNAMA,
in an increasingly enabling function, assist the Government of Afghanistan on its
way towards ensuring full Afghan leadership and ownership, as defined by the
Kabul process;
6. Decides further that UNAMA and the Special Representative of the
Secretary-General, within their mandate and guided by the principle of reinforcing
Afghan sovereignty, leadership and ownership, will continue to lead and coordinate
the international civilian efforts, in accordance with the London, Kabul and Tokyo
Conference Communiqués and the Bonn Conference Conclusions, with a particular
focus on the priorities laid out below;
(a) promote, as co-chair of the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board
(JCMB), more coherent support by the international community to the Afghan
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Government’s development and governance priorities, including through supporting
the ongoing development and sequencing of the National Priority Programmes,
mobilization of resources, coordination of international donors and organizations,
and direction of the contributions of United Nations agencies, funds and
programmes, in particular for counter-narcotics, reconstruction and development
activities; at the same time, support efforts to increase the proportion of
development aid delivered through the Afghan Government, in line with the
commitments made at the Kabul Conferences, and support efforts to increase the
transparency and effectiveness of the Afghan Government’s use of such resources;
(b) support, at the request of the Afghan authorities, the organization of
future Afghan elections, including the 2014 presidential and provincial council
elections, as well as to strengthen, in support of the Government of Afghanistan’s
efforts, the sustainability, integrity and inclusiveness of the electoral process, as
agreed at the London, Kabul, Bonn and Tokyo Conferences and the Chicago
Summit; and provide capacity building and technical assistance to the Afghan
institutions involved in this process;
(c) provide outreach as well as good offices to support, if requested by the
Afghan Government, the Afghan-led and Afghan-owned process of peace and
reconciliation, including through the implementation of the Afghan Peace and
Reintegration Programme and proposing and supporting confidence building
measures within the framework of the Afghan constitution and with full respect for
the implementation of measures and application of the procedures introduced by the
Security Council in its resolutions 1267 (1999), 1988 (2011), 1989 (2011) and 2082
(2012) and 2083 (2012) as well as other relevant resolutions of the Council;
(d) support regional cooperation, with a view to assisting Afghanistan utilize
its role at the heart of Asia to promote regional cooperation, and to work towards a
stable and prosperous Afghanistan, building on the achievements made;
(e) continue the cooperation with ISAF and the NATO Senior Civilian
Representative at all levels and throughout the country in support of the ongoing
transition to full Afghan leadership and ownership agreed to at the Kabul and
London Conferences as well as the Lisbon and Chicago Summits, in a sustainable
manner to ensure the protection and promotion of the rights of all Afghans, in
accordance with their existing mandates, in order to optimize civil-military
coordination, to facilitate the timely exchange of information and, to ensure
coherence between the activities of national and international security forces and of
civilian actors in support of an Afghan-led development and stabilization process,
including through engagement with provincial reconstruction teams and engagement
with non-governmental organizations, in particular through its participation on the
Joint Afghan-NATO Inteqal Board (JANIB) as an observer;
7. Also reaffirms that UNAMA and the Special Representative will increase
efforts to achieve greater coherence, coordination, efficiency among relevant UN
agencies, funds and programmes in Afghanistan to maximize their collective
effectiveness in full alignment with the National Priority Programmes identified by
the Government of Afghanistan, and continue to lead international civilian efforts
with an emphasis on enabling and strengthening the role of Afghan institutions to
perform their responsibilities in the following priority areas:
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(a) promote through an appropriate UNAMA presence, to be determined in
full consultation and cooperation with the Government of Afghanistan, and in
support of the Afghan Government’s efforts, implementation of the Kabul Process
throughout the country, including through enhanced cooperation with the United
Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and facilitate inclusion in and understanding of
the Government’s policies;
(b) support the efforts of the Afghan Government, in fulfilling its
commitments as stated at the London, Kabul and Bonn Conferences, to improve
governance and the rule of law including transitional justice, budget execution and
the fight against corruption, throughout the country in accordance with the Kabul
Process and the Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework, with a view to helping
bring the benefits of peace and the delivery of services in a timely and sustainable
manner;
(c) continue, with the support of the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights, to cooperate with and build capacity of the
Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), to cooperate also
with the Afghan Government and relevant international and local non-governmental
organizations to monitor the situation of civilians, to coordinate efforts to ensure
their protection, to promote accountability, and to assist in the full implementation
of the fundamental freedoms and human rights provisions of the Afghan
Constitution and international treaties to which Afghanistan is a State party, in
particular those regarding the full enjoyment by women of their human rights;
(d) coordinate and facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance,
including in support of the Afghan Government and in accordance with
humanitarian principles, with a view to building the capacity of the Government so
it can assume the central and coordinating role in the future, including by providing
effective support to national and local authorities in assisting and protecting
internally displaced persons and to creating conditions conducive to the voluntary,
safe, dignified and sustainable return of refugees from neighbouring and other
countries and internally displaced persons;
8. Calls upon all Afghan and international parties to coordinate with
UNAMA in the implementation of its mandate and in efforts to promote the security
and freedom of movement of United Nations and associated personnel throughout
the country;
9. Reiterates the need to ensure security of United Nations staff and its
support for the measures already taken by the Secretary-General in this regard;
10. Stresses the critical importance of a continued presence of UNAMA and
other United Nations agencies, funds and programmes in the provinces, consistent
with the transition process, in support of and in cooperation with the Afghan
Government, in response to needs and with a view to security and including the
objective of overall United Nations effectiveness, and strongly supports the
authority of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in the coordination
of all activities of United Nations agencies, funds and programmes in Afghanistan
based on a “One-UN” approach;
11. Encourages the Secretary-General to continue his current efforts to take
necessary measures to address the security issues associated with the United Nations
presence and, during the current process of transition and beyond, particularly
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encourages careful coordination with the Afghan national security forces, supported
by the Assistance Force, as appropriate;
12. Underscores the importance of a sustainable democratic development in
Afghanistan with all Afghan institutions acting within their clearly defined areas of
competence, in accordance with the relevant laws and the Afghan Constitution, and
welcomes, in this regard, the commitment of the Government of Afghanistan at the
Kabul Conference, reaffirmed at the Bonn and Tokyo Conferences, to deliver further
improvements to the electoral process, including addressing the sustainability of the
electoral process, and, taking into account the commitments by the international
community and the Afghan Government made at the London, Kabul, Bonn, and
Tokyo Conferences, reaffirms UNAMA’s supporting role, at the request of the
Afghan Government, in the realization of these commitments, and requests that,
upon the request of the Government of Afghanistan, UNAMA provide assistance to
the relevant Afghan institutions to support the integrity of the electoral process, and
further calls upon members of the international community to provide assistance as
appropriate;
13. Welcomes the continuing efforts of the Afghan Government to advance
the peace and reconciliation process, including by the High Peace Council and the
implementation of the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme, to promote
an inclusive, Afghan-led dialogue on reconciliation and political participation as
laid forth in the 20 July 2010 Kabul Conference Communiqué on dialogue for all
those who renounce violence, have no links to international terrorist organizations,
including Al-Qaida, respect the constitution, including its human rights provisions,
notably the rights of women, and are willing to join in building a peaceful
Afghanistan, and as further elaborated in the principles and outcomes of the
5 December 2011 Bonn Conference Conclusions, and encourages the Government
of Afghanistan to make use of UNAMA’s good offices to support this process as
appropriate, in full respect of the implementation of measures and procedures
introduced by the Security Council in its resolution 1267 (1999), 1988 (2011) and
2082 (2012), as well as other relevant resolutions of the Council;
14. Welcomes also the measures taken by the Government of Afghanistan,
and encourages it to continue to increase the participation of women as well as
minorities and civil society in outreach, consultation and decision-making
processes, recalls that women play a vital role in the peace process, as recognized in
Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) and related resolutions, therefore reiterates
the need for the full, equal and effective participation of women at all stages of
peace processes and urges their involvement in the development and implementation
of post-conflict strategies in order to take account of their perspectives and needs as
affirmed by the Bonn and Tokyo Conferences;
15. Notes the establishment of the Committee pursuant to Security Council
resolution 1988 (2011), its methods and procedures, including new procedures to
facilitate and expedite requests for travel ban exemptions in support of the peace
and reconciliation process, introduced in Security Council resolution 2082 (2012),
welcomes in this context, the cooperation of the Afghan Government, the High
Peace Council and UNAMA with the Committee, including by providing relevant
information for updating the 1988 List, and by identifying individuals, groups,
undertakings and entities associated with the Taliban in constituting a threat to the
peace, stability and security of Afghanistan, as per the designation criteria set out in
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Security Council Resolution 2082 (2012), and notes that means of financing or
supporting these individuals, groups, undertakings and entities includes but is not
limited to proceeds derived from illicit cultivation, production and trafficking of
narcotic drugs and their precursors originating in and transiting through
Afghanistan, and encourages the continuation of such cooperation;
16. Stresses the role of UNAMA in supporting, if requested by the
Government of Afghanistan, an inclusive Afghan-led and Afghan-owned process of
peace and reconciliation, including the Afghan Peace and Reintegration Programme,
while continuing to assess, including in collaboration with the AIHRC, its human
rights and gender implications, including the promotion and protection of human
rights, and encourages the international community to assist the efforts of the
Government of Afghanistan in this regard including through continued support to
the Peace and Reintegration Trust Fund;
17. Reaffirms support to the ongoing Afghan-led regional effort within the
framework of the “Istanbul Process on Regional Security and Cooperation for a
Secure and Stable Afghanistan”, welcomes the outcomes of the Kabul Ministerial
Conference on 14 June 2012, as follow-up to the Istanbul Conference for
Afghanistan, held in November 2011, welcomes the endorsement of the
implementation plans of all six confidence building measures prioritized for
implementation, commends the significant progress of the Process since its
inception, looks forward to the next Ministerial Conference to be held on 26 April
2013 ‘Heart of Asia’ Ministerial Meeting in Almaty, and calls on Afghanistan and its
regional partners to keep up the momentum and continue their efforts to enhance
regional dialogue and confidence through the Istanbul Process, and notes that the
Istanbul Process is intended to complement and cooperate with, and not substitute
for, existing efforts of regional organizations, particularly where they relate to
Afghanistan;
18. Welcomes ongoing efforts by the Government of Afghanistan, its
neighbouring and regional partners and international organizations, including the
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to foster trust and cooperation with each
other as well as recent cooperation initiatives developed by the countries concerned
and regional organizations, including the Trilateral Summits of Afghanistan,
Pakistan and Turkey, the Trilateral Summit of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan, the
Trilateral Summit of Afghanistan, Pakistan and the UK as well as SCO and SAARC;
19. Calls for strengthening the process of regional cooperation, including
measures to facilitate regional trade and transit, including through regional and
bilateral transit trade agreements, expanded consular visa cooperation and
facilitation of business travel, to expand trade, to increase foreign investments and
to develop infrastructure, including infrastructural connectivity, energy supply,
transport and integrated border management, with a view to promoting sustainable
economic growth and the creation of jobs in Afghanistan, noting the historic role of
Afghanistan as a land bridge in Asia, and welcomes the outcome of the Fifth
Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan (RECCA), held in
Tajikistan in March 2012, to further develop and consolidate cooperation and
partnership towards promoting peace and prosperity in Afghanistan and in the
region;
20. Emphasizes in this regard, the importance of strengthening local and
regional networks of transportation that will facilitate connectivity for economic
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development, stability and self-sustainability, particularly the completion and
maintenance of local railroad and land routes, the development of regional projects
to foster further connectivity, and the enhancement of international civil aviation
capabilities;
21. Reaffirms the central role played by the JCMB in coordinating,
facilitating and monitoring the implementation of the Afghanistan National
Development Strategy (ANDS) and the National Priority Programmes, and calls
upon all relevant actors to enhance their cooperation with the JCMB in this regard,
with a view to further improve its efficiency;
22. Calls on international donors and organizations and the Afghan
Government to adhere to their commitments made at the Tokyo Conference and
previous international conferences, and reiterates the importance of further efforts
in improving aid coordination and effectiveness, including by ensuring transparency,
combating corruption, and enhancing the capacity of Government of Afghanistan to
coordinate aid;
23. Calls upon the Afghan Government, with the assistance of the
international community, including ISAF and the Operation Enduring Freedom
coalition, in accordance with their respective designated responsibilities as they
evolve, to continue to address the threat to the security and stability of Afghanistan
posed by the Taliban, Al-Qaida and other violent and extremist groups, illegal armed
groups, criminals and those involved in the production, trafficking or trade of illicit
drugs;
24. Reiterates the importance of increasing, in a comprehensive framework,
the functionality, professionalism and accountability of the Afghan security sector
through appropriate vetting procedures, training, mentoring, equipping and
empowerment efforts, for both women and men, in order to accelerate progress
towards the goal of self-sufficient and ethnically balanced Afghan security forces
providing security and ensuring the rule of law throughout the country, and stresses
the importance of the long-term commitment by the international community,
beyond 2014, to ensure a capable, professional and sustainable Afghan National
Security Force;
25. Welcomes in this context the continued progress in the development of
the Afghan National Army and its improved ability to plan and undertake
operations, and encourages sustained training efforts, including through the
contribution of trainers, resources and Advisory Teams through the NATO Training
Mission-Afghanistan, and advice in developing a sustainable defence planning
process as well as assistance in defence reform initiatives, and welcomes further the
announcement in December 2012 of the fourth tranche of districts and provinces to
undergo transition, and looks forward to the announcement of the fifth and final
tranche;
26. Takes note of the ongoing efforts of the Afghan authorities to enhance the
capabilities of the Afghan National Police, calls for further efforts towards that goal
and stresses the importance, in this context, of international assistance through
financial support and provision of trainers and mentors, including the contribution
of the NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan, the European Gendarmerie Force
(EGF) contribution to this mission and the European Union through its police
mission (EUPOL Afghanistan), as well as the German Police Project Team (GPPT),
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noting the importance of a sufficient and capable police force for Afghanistan’s long
term security, and looks forward to the ten year vision for the Ministry of Interior
and Afghan National Police;
27. Welcomes the progress in the implementation by the Afghan Government
of the programme of disbandment of illegal armed groups and its integration with
the Afghanistan Peace and Reintegration Programme, and calls for accelerated and
harmonized efforts for further progress, with support from the international
community;
28. Condemns in the strongest terms all attacks, including Improvised
Explosive Device attacks, suicide attacks, assassinations and abductions, targeting
civilians and Afghan and international forces and their deleterious effect on the
stabilization, reconstruction and development efforts in Afghanistan, and condemns
further the use by the Taliban and other extremist groups of civilians as human
shields;
29. Notes with concern the continued high incidence of attacks against
humanitarian workers, condemns these attacks in the strongest terms, emphasizing
that the attacks impede efforts to aid the people of Afghanistan, and underlines the
need for all parties to ensure full, safe and unhindered access of all humanitarian
actors, including United Nations staff and associated personnel, and comply fully
with applicable international humanitarian law;
30. Welcomes the achievements to date in the implementation of the Mine
Action Programme of Afghanistan, and encourages the Government of Afghanistan,
with the support of the United Nations and all the relevant actors, to continue its
efforts towards the removal of anti-personnel landmines, anti-tank landmines and
explosive remnants of war in order to reduce the threats posed to human life and
peace and security in the country, and expresses the need to provide assistance for
the care, rehabilitation, and economic and social reintegration of victims, including
persons with disabilities;
31. Recognizes the progress made by ISAF and other international forces in
minimizing the risk of civilian casualties, as reaffirmed in the 19 February 2013
UNAMA report on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, and calls on them to
continue to take robust efforts in this regard, notably by the continuous review of
tactics and procedures and the conduct of after-action reviews and investigations in
cooperation with the Afghan Government in cases where civilian casualties have
occurred and when the Afghan Government finds these joint investigations
appropriate;
32. Expresses its strong concern about the recruitment and use of children by
Taliban, Al-Qaida and other violent and extremist groups in Afghanistan as well as
the killing and maiming of children as a result of the conflict, reiterates its strong
condemnation of the recruitment and use of child soldiers in violation of applicable
international law and all other violations and abuses committed against children in
situations of armed conflict, in particular attacks against schools, education and
health care facilities, and the use of children in suicide attacks, and calls for those
responsible to be brought to justice;
33. In this context, stresses the importance of implementing Security Council
resolution 1612 (2005) on children and armed conflict and subsequent resolutions,
supports the decree by the Minister of the Interior reaffirming the Afghan
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Government’s commitment to preventing violations of the rights of the child dated
6 July 2011, welcomes the establishment of the Afghan Inter-Ministerial Steering
Committee on Children and Armed Conflict and the subsequent signing by the
Afghan Government of the action plan, and its annex, on children associated with
national security forces in Afghanistan, and calls for the full implementation of the
provisions of the plan, in close cooperation with UNAMA, and requests the
Secretary-General to continue to give priority to the child protection activities and
capacity of UNAMA and continue to include in his future reports the matter of
children and armed conflict in the country in line with the relevant Security Council
resolutions;
34. Remains concerned at the serious harm that opium cultivation,
production and trafficking and consumption continue to cause to the security,
development and governance of Afghanistan as well as to the region and
internationally, takes note of the UNODC Afghanistan Opium Survey 2012 released
in November 2012, calls on the Afghan Government, with the assistance of the
international community, to accelerate the implementation of the National Drug
Control Strategy, including through alternative livelihood programmes, and to
mainstream counter-narcotics throughout national programmes, encourages
additional international support for the four priorities identified in that Strategy, and
commends the support provided by the UNODC to the Triangular Initiative and the
Central Asian Regional Coordination and Information Centre (CARICC) within the
framework of the Paris Pact Initiative and the Rainbow Strategy and the UNODC
regional programme for Afghanistan and neighbouring countries; as well as the
contribution of the Domodedovo Police Academy of Russia;
35. Welcomes the continued efforts of the United Nations Office on Drugs
and Crime in empowering the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics-led
implementation of the Afghan National Drug Control Strategy, including through the
JCMB’s Counter Narcotics Monitoring Mechanism;
36. Calls upon States to strengthen international and regional cooperation to
counter the threat to the international community posed by the production,
trafficking, and consumption of illicit drugs originating in Afghanistan, with a view
to its progressive elimination, in accordance with the principle of common and
shared responsibility in addressing the drug problem of Afghanistan, including
through strengthening the law enforcement capacity and cooperation against the
trafficking in illicit drugs and precursor chemicals and money-laundering and
corruption linked to such trafficking, and calls for full implementation of its
resolution 1817 (2008);
37. Appreciates the work of the Paris Pact initiative and its “Paris-Moscow”
process in countering the production, trafficking and consumption of opium and
heroin from Afghanistan and the elimination of poppy crops, drug laboratories and
stores as well as the interception of drug convoys, underlines the importance of
border management cooperation, and welcomes the intensified cooperation of the
relevant United Nations institutions with the OSCE and the CSTO in this regard;
38. Reiterates the importance of completing the National Priority Programme
on Law and Justice for All, by all the relevant Afghan institutions and other actors in
view of accelerating the establishment of a fair and transparent justice system,
eliminating impunity and contributing to the affirmation of the rule of law
throughout the country;
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39. Stresses in this context the importance of further progress in the
reconstruction and reform of the prison sector in Afghanistan, in order to improve
the respect for the rule of law and human rights therein, emphasizes the importance
of ensuring access for relevant organizations, as applicable, to all prisons and places
of detention in Afghanistan, and calls for full respect for relevant international law
including humanitarian law and human rights law, noting the recommendations
contained in the report of the Assistance Mission dated 20 January 2013, and the
appointment by the Government of Afghanistan of a Commission to inquire into the
findings of the report;
40. Notes with strong concern the effects of corruption on security, good
governance, counter-narcotics efforts and economic development, welcomes the
anti-corruption commitments made by the Government of Afghanistan at the Tokyo
Conference as reinforced in the Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework, welcomes
the efforts of the Government of Afghanistan in this regard, including the issuance
of the presidential decree in July 2012, calls for continued action by the
Government to fulfil those commitments in order to establish a more effective,
accountable and transparent administration at the national, provincial and local
levels of government, and also welcomes continued international support for
Afghanistan’s governance objectives;
41. Encourages all Afghan institutions, including the executive and
legislative branches, to work in a spirit of cooperation, recognises the Afghan
Government’s continued efforts in pursuing legislative and public administration
reform in order to tackle corruption and to ensure good governance, as agreed at the
Bonn Conference, with full representation of all Afghan women and men, and
accountability at both national and subnational levels, welcoming the issuance of the
Presidential decree of 12 July 2012, and stresses the need for further international
efforts to provide technical assistance in this area, recognises Government of
Afghanistan efforts in this regard, and reiterates the importance of the full,
sequenced, timely, and co-ordinated implementation of the National Priority
Programme on National Transparency and Accountability;
42. Calls for full respect for and protection for all human rights and
fundamental freedoms, including those of human rights defenders, and of
international humanitarian law throughout Afghanistan, welcomes the growth in
Afghan free media, but notes with concern the continued restrictions on freedom of
media, and attacks against journalists, commends the Afghanistan Independent
Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) for its courageous efforts to monitor respect
for human rights in Afghanistan as well as to foster and protect these rights and to
promote the emergence of a pluralistic civil society, stresses the importance of full
cooperation with the AIHRC by all relevant actors and promoting their
independence as well as of ensuring their safety, and supports broad engagement
across government agencies and civil society for the realization of the mutual
commitments made, including the commitment to provide sufficient government
financing for the AIHRC;
43. Recognizes that despite progress achieved on gender equality, enhanced
efforts, including on measurable and action oriented objectives, are necessary to
secure the rights of women and girls and to ensure all women and girls in
Afghanistan are protected from violence and abuse, enjoy equal protection under the
law and equal access to justice, strongly condemns discrimination and violence
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against women and girls, in particular violence aimed at preventing girls from
attending schools, stresses the importance of implementing Security Council
resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010),
notes the mainstreaming commitments introduced therein, and of ensuring that
women fleeing domestic violence are able to find safe and secure refuge;
44. Welcomes the Afghan Government’s commitment to strengthen the
participation of women in all Afghan governance institutions, including elected and
appointed bodies and the civil service, notes the progress in this regard, welcomes
its continued efforts to protect and promote the participation of women in the
electoral process, supports efforts to accelerate full implementation of the National
Action Plan for Women in Afghanistan, to integrate its benchmarks into the National
Priority Programmes and to develop a strategy to implement fully the Elimination of
Violence Against Women law, including services to victims, recalls that the
promotion and protection of women’s rights are an integral part of peace,
reintegration and reconciliation, welcomes the Afghan Government’s commitment to
developing, implementing and monitoring the National Action Plan on Women,
Peace and Security, notes the UNAMA report into the Implementation of the Law on
Elimination of Violence against Women in Afghanistan, and requests the Secretary-
General to continue to include in its reports to the Security Council relevant
information on the process of integration of women into the political, economic and
social life of Afghanistan;
45. Recognizes the importance of voluntary, safe, orderly return and
sustainable reintegration of the remaining Afghan refugees for the stability of the
country and the region, and calls for continued and enhanced international
assistance in this regard;
46. Affirms also the importance of voluntary, safe, orderly return and
sustainable reintegration of internally displaced persons, and welcomes the inclusion
of Afghanistan as a pilot country for the Secretary General’s initiative on durable
solutions, and the progress made on the development of an internally displaced
persons policy for Afghanistan;
47. Notes the need to continue to strengthen, with the support of the
international community, Afghanistan’s absorption capacity for the full rehabilitation
and reintegration of the remaining Afghan refugees and internally displaced persons;
48. Requests that the Secretary-General reports to the Council every three
months on developments in Afghanistan, and to include in his reports an evaluation
of progress made against the benchmarks for measuring and tracking progress in the
implementation of UNAMA’s mandate and priorities as set out in this resolution;
49. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Topics
Afghanistan
Year
2013
Title
The situation in Afghanistan
Related with resolutions
1265 1267 1296 1325 1612 1662 1674 1738 1746 1806 1817 1820 1868 1882 1888 1889 1894 1917 1960 1974 1988 1989 1998 2041 2068 2069 2082 2083
Quoted in resolutions
2120 2145 2210 2274 2344
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA ARG AUS AZE GTM KOR LUX MAR PAK RWA TGO