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Resolution 1645

Post-conflict peacebuilding

Abstract

S/RES/1645 (2005)
Security Council Distr.: General
20 December 2005
05-65417 (E)
*0565417*
Resolution 1645 (2005)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 5335th meeting,
on 20 December 2005
The Security Council,
Guided by the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United
Nations,
Reaffirming the 2005 World Summit Outcome,1
Recalling in particular paragraphs 97 to 105 of that resolution,
Recognizing that development, peace and security and human rights are
interlinked and mutually reinforcing,
Emphasizing the need for a coordinated, coherent and integrated approach to
post-conflict peacebuilding and reconciliation with a view to achieving sustainable
peace,
Recognizing the need for a dedicated institutional mechanism to address the
special needs of countries emerging from conflict towards recovery, reintegration
and reconstruction and to assist them in laying the foundation for sustainable
development,
Recognizing also the vital role of the United Nations in preventing conflicts,
assisting parties to conflicts to end hostilities and emerge towards recovery,
reconstruction and development and in mobilizing sustained international attention
and assistance,
Reaffirming the respective responsibilities and functions of the organs of the
United Nations as defined in the Charter and the need to enhance coordination
among them,
Affirming the primary responsibility of national and transitional Governments
and authorities of countries emerging from conflict or at risk of relapsing into
conflict, where they are established, in identifying their priorities and strategies for
post-conflict peacebuilding, with a view to ensuring national ownership,
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1 Resolution 60/1.
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Emphasizing, in that regard, the importance of supporting national efforts to
establish, redevelop or reform institutions for effective administration of countries
emerging from conflict, including capacity-building efforts,
Recognizing the important role of regional and subregional organizations in
carrying out post-conflict peacebuilding activities in their regions, and stressing the
need for sustained international support for their efforts and capacity-building to
that end,
Recognizing also that countries that have experienced recent post-conflict
recovery would make valuable contributions to the work of the Peacebuilding
Commission,
Recognizing further the role of Member States supporting the peacekeeping
and peacebuilding efforts of the United Nations through financial, troop and civilian
police contributions,
Recognizing the important contribution of civil society and non-governmental
organizations, including women’s organizations, to peacebuilding efforts,
Reaffirming the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of
conflicts and in peacebuilding, and stressing the importance of their equal
participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion
of peace and security and the need to increase their role in decision-making with
regard to conflict prevention and resolution and peacebuilding,
1. Decides, acting concurrently with the General Assembly, in accordance
with Articles 7, 22 and 29 of the Charter of the United Nations, with a view to
operationalizing the decision by the World Summit, to establish the Peacebuilding
Commission as an intergovernmental advisory body;
2. Also decides that the following shall be the main purposes of the
Commission:
(a) To bring together all relevant actors to marshal resources and to advise
on and propose integrated strategies for post-conflict peacebuilding and recovery;
(b) To focus attention on the reconstruction and institution-building efforts
necessary for recovery from conflict and to support the development of integrated
strategies in order to lay the foundation for sustainable development;
(c) To provide recommendations and information to improve the
coordination of all relevant actors within and outside the United Nations, to develop
best practices, to help to ensure predictable financing for early recovery activities
and to extend the period of attention given by the international community to postconflict
recovery;
3. Decides that the Commission shall meet in various configurations;
4. Also decides that the Commission shall have a standing Organizational
Committee, responsible for developing its own rules of procedure and working
methods, comprising:
(a) Seven members of the Security Council, including permanent members,
selected according to rules and procedures decided by the Council;
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(b) Seven members of the Economic and Social Council, elected from
regional groups according to rules and procedures decided by the Council and
giving due consideration to those countries that have experienced post-conflict
recovery;
(c) Five top providers of assessed contributions to United Nations budgets
and of voluntary contributions to United Nations funds, programmes and agencies,
including the standing peacebuilding fund, that are not among those selected in (a)
or (b) above, selected by and among the ten top providers, giving due consideration
to the size of their contributions, according to a list provided by the Secretary-
General, based on the average annual contributions in the previous three calendar
years for which statistical data are available;
(d) Five top providers of military personnel and civilian police to United
Nations missions that are not among those selected in (a), (b) or (c) above selected
by and among the ten top providers, giving due consideration to the size of their
contributions, according to a list provided by the Secretary-General, based on the
average monthly contributions in the previous three calendar years for which
statistical data are available;
(e) Giving due consideration to representation from all regional groups in
the overall composition of the Committee and to representation from countries that
have experienced post-conflict recovery, seven additional members shall be elected
according to rules and procedures decided by the General Assembly;
5. Emphasizes that a Member State can only be selected from one category
set out in paragraph 4 above at any one time;
6. Decides that members of the Organizational Committee shall serve for
renewable terms of two years, as applicable;
7. Also decides that country-specific meetings of the Commission, upon
invitation of the Organizational Committee referred to in paragraph 4 above, shall
include as members, in addition to members of the Committee, representatives from:
(a) The country under consideration;
(b) Countries in the region engaged in the post-conflict process and other
countries that are involved in relief efforts and/or political dialogue, as well as
relevant regional and subregional organizations;
(c) The major financial, troop and civilian police contributors involved in
the recovery effort;
(d) The senior United Nations representative in the field and other relevant
United Nations representatives;
(e) Such regional and international financial institutions as may be relevant;
8. Further decides that a representative of the Secretary-General shall be
invited to participate in all meetings of the Commission;
9. Decides that representatives from the World Bank, the International
Monetary Fund and other institutional donors shall be invited to participate in all
meetings of the Commission in a manner suitable to their governing arrangements;
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10. Emphasizes that the Commission shall work in cooperation with national
or transitional authorities, where possible, in the country under consideration with a
view to ensuring national ownership of the peacebuilding process;
11. Also emphasizes that the Commission shall, where appropriate, work in
close consultation with regional and subregional organizations to ensure their
involvement in the peacebuilding process in accordance with Chapter VIII of the
Charter;
12. Decides that the Organizational Committee shall, taking due
consideration to maintaining a balance in addressing situations in countries in
different regions in accordance with the main purposes of the Commission as
stipulated above, establish the agenda of the Commission based on the following:
(a) Requests for advice from the Security Council;
(b) Requests for advice from the Economic and Social Council or the
General Assembly with the consent of a concerned Member State in exceptional
circumstances on the verge of lapsing or relapsing into conflict and with which the
Security Council is not seized in accordance with Article 12 of the Charter;
(c) Requests for advice from Member States in exceptional circumstances on
the verge of lapsing or relapsing into conflict and which are not on the agenda of the
Security Council;
(d) Requests for advice from the Secretary-General;
13. Also decides that the Commission shall make the outcome of its
discussions and recommendations publicly available as United Nations documents
to all relevant bodies and actors, including the international financial institutions;
14. Invites all relevant United Nations bodies and other bodies and actors,
including the international financial institutions, to take action on the advice of the
Commission, as appropriate and in accordance with their respective mandates;
15. Notes that the Commission shall submit an annual report to the General
Assembly and that the Assembly shall hold an annual debate to review the report;
16. Underlines that in post-conflict situations on the agenda of the Security
Council with which it is actively seized, in particular when there is a United
Nations-mandated peacekeeping mission on the ground or under way and given the
primary responsibility of the Council for the maintenance of international peace and
security in accordance with the Charter, the main purpose of the Commission will be
to provide advice to the Council at its request;
17. Also underlines that the advice of the Commission to provide sustained
attention as countries move from transitional recovery towards development will be
of particular relevance to the Economic and Social Council, bearing in mind its role
as a principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and
recommendations on issues of economic and social development;
18. Decides that the Commission shall act in all matters on the basis of
consensus of its members;
19. Notes the importance of participation of regional and local actors, and
stresses the importance of adopting flexible working methods, including use of
videoconferencing, meetings outside of New York and other modalities, in order to
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provide for the active participation of those most relevant to the deliberations of the
Commission;
20. Calls upon the Commission to integrate a gender perspective into all its
work;
21. Encourages the Commission to consult with civil society, nongovernmental
organizations, including women’s organizations, and the private
sector engaged in peacebuilding activities, as appropriate;
22. Recommends that the Commission terminate its consideration of a
country-specific situation when foundations for sustainable peace and development
are established or upon the request by national authorities of the country under
consideration;
23. Reaffirms its request to the Secretary-General to establish, within the
Secretariat, from within existing resources, a small peacebuilding support office
staffed by qualified experts to assist and support the Commission, and recognizes in
that regard that such support could include gathering and analysing information
relating to the availability of financial resources, relevant United Nations in-country
planning activities, progress towards meeting short and medium-term recovery goals
and best practices with respect to cross-cutting peacebuilding issues;
24. Also reaffirms its request to the Secretary-General to establish a multiyear
standing peacebuilding fund for post-conflict peacebuilding, funded by
voluntary contributions and taking due account of existing instruments, with the
objective of ensuring the immediate release of resources needed to launch
peacebuilding activities and the availability of appropriate financing for recovery;
25. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly on the
arrangements for establishing the peacebuilding fund during its sixtieth session;
26. Calls on relevant bodies and Member States referred to in paragraph 4
above to communicate the names of members of the Organizational Committee to
the Secretary-General to enable him to convene the first constituting meeting of the
Committee as soon as possible following the adoption of the present resolution;
27. Decides that the arrangements set out above will be reviewed five years
after the adoption of the present resolution to ensure that they are appropriate to
fulfil the agreed functions of the Commission and that such a review and any
changes as a result thereof will be decided following the same procedure as set out
in paragraph 1 above;
28. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Topics
Security Council Procedures
Year
2005
Title
Post-conflict peacebuilding
Quoted in resolutions
1646 1947 2086 2282 2350
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA ARG BEN BRA DNK DZA GRC JPN PHL ROU TZA