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Resolution 2048

The situation in Guinea-Bissau

Abstract

S/RES/2048 (2012)
Security Council Distr.: General
18 May 2012
12-34647 (E)
*1234647*
Resolution 2048 (2012)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6774th meeting, on
18 May 2012
The Security Council,
Recalling the Statement of its President of 21 April 2012 (S/PRST/2012/15)
and the press statements of 12 April and 8 May on the situation in Guinea-Bissau,
Reiterating its strong condemnation of the military coup on 12 April by the
military leadership, which undermined the conclusion of the democratic electoral
process in Guinea-Bissau, and of the establishment by the coup perpetrators of a
“Military Command”,
Recalling the unanimous condemnation of the military coup by the
international community, including by the African Union (AU), the Economic
Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Community of Portuguese
Speaking Countries (CPLP), the European Union (EU) and the Peacebuilding
Commission (PBC),
Taking note of the efforts by the AU, ECOWAS, CPLP and the EU in response
to the current crisis and the mediation efforts led by ECOWAS in response to the
recent military coup,
Underlining the need for active and close coordination among international
partners in order to restore constitutional order and develop a comprehensive
strategy of stabilization to support Guinea-Bissau address its political, security and
development challenges,
Taking note of the calls by the Government of Guinea-Bissau for a response of
the Security Council to the current crisis,
Taking note of the release of interim President Raimundo Pereira, Prime
Minister Carlos Gomes Júnior and other detained officials,
Deploring the continued refusal of the “Military Command” to heed the
Council’s demands, for the immediate restoration of the constitutional order, the
reinstatement of the legitimate democratic Government of Guinea-Bissau and the
resumption of the electoral process interrupted by the military coup,
S/RES/2048 (2012)
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Expressing concern about reports of cases of looting, including of State assets,
human rights violations and abuses, including arbitrary detentions, ill treatment
during detention, the repression of peaceful demonstrations and the restrictions on
the freedom of movement imposed by the “Military Command” on a number of
individuals, as noted in the Special Report of the Secretary-General on the situation
in Guinea-Bissau (S/2012/280), and underlining that those responsible for such
violations and abuses must be held accountable,
Affirming its condemnation of all acts of violence, including against women
and children, and stressing the need to prevent violence,
Noting with deep concern the worrying humanitarian situation caused by the
coup d’état and its negative impact on the economic activity in the country,
Stressing the importance of Security Sector Reform implementation, including
effective and responsible civilian control over the security forces, as a crucial
element for long term stability in Guinea-Bissau, as envisaged in the Guinea-
Bissau/ECOWAS/CPLP Roadmap and underlining the responsibility of police forces
in Guinea-Bissau to protect state institutions and the civilian population,
Deploring the recurrent illegal interference of the military leadership in the
political process in Guinea-Bissau and expressing concern that interference of the
military in politics and the impact of illicit drug trafficking and organized crime in
Guinea-Bissau have significantly hampered efforts to establish rule of law and good
governance and tackle impunity and corruption,
Expressing grave concern over the negative impacts of illicit drug trafficking
and organized crime on Guinea-Bissau and the subregion,
Expressing deep concern about the possible increase in illicit drug trafficking
as a result of the military coup,
Underlining that any lasting solution to instability in Guinea-Bissau should
include concrete actions to fight impunity and ensure that those responsible for
politically-motivated assassinations and other serious crimes such as illicit drugtrafficking-
related activities and breaches of constitutional order are brought to
justice,
Further underlining the importance of stability and good governance for
durable social and economic development in Guinea-Bissau,
Reaffirming the need to uphold and respect the sovereignty, unity and
territorial integrity of Guinea-Bissau,
Mindful of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace
and security under the Charter of the United Nations,
Acting under article 41 of Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Demands that the Military Command takes immediate steps to restore
and respect constitutional order, including a democratic electoral process, by
ensuring that all soldiers return to the barracks, and that members of the “Military
Command” relinquish their positions of authority;
2. Stresses the need for all national stakeholders and Guinea-Bissau’s
international bilateral and multilateral partners to remain committed to the
restoration of constitutional order, as affirmed in paragraph 1 above and, in this
S/RES/2048 (2012)
12-34647 3
context, encourages ECOWAS to continue its mediation efforts aimed at the
restoration of constitutional order, in close coordination with the United Nations, the
AU and CPLP;
3. Requests the Secretary-General to be actively engaged in this process, in
order to harmonize the respective positions of international bilateral and multilateral
partners, particularly the AU, ECOWAS, CPLP and the EU, and ensure maximum
coordination and complementarity of international efforts, with a view to developing
a comprehensive integrated strategy with concrete measures aimed at implementing
security sector reform, political and economic reforms, combating drug-trafficking
and fighting impunity;
Travel ban
4. Decides that all Member States shall take the necessary measures to
prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of individuals listed in the
annex of this resolution or designated by the Committee established pursuant to
paragraph 9 below, provided that nothing in this paragraph shall oblige a State to
refuse its own nationals entry into its territory;
5. Decides that the measures imposed by paragraph 4 above shall not apply:
(a) Where the Committee determines on a case-by-case basis that such travel
is justified on the grounds of humanitarian need, including religious obligation;
(b) Where entry or transit is necessary for the fulfilment of a judicial
process;
(c) Where the Committee determines on a case-by-case basis that an
exemption would further the objectives of peace and national reconciliation in
Guinea-Bissau and stability in the region;
Designation criteria
6. Decides that the measures contained in paragraph 4 shall apply to the
individuals designated by the Committee, pursuant to paragraph 9 (b):
(a) Seeking to prevent the restoration of the constitutional order or taking
action that undermines stability in Guinea-Bissau, in particular those who played a
leading role in the coup d’état of 12 April 2012 and who aim, through their actions,
at undermining the rule of law, curtailing the primacy of civilian power and
furthering impunity and instability in the country;
(b) Acting for or on behalf of or at the direction of or otherwise supporting
or financing individuals identified in subparagraph (a);
7. Notes that such means of support or financing include, but are not limited
to, the proceeds from organized crime, including the illicit cultivation, production
and trafficking of narcotic drugs and their precursors originating in and transiting
through Guinea-Bissau;
8. Strongly encourages Member States to submit to the Committee names of
individuals who meet the criteria set out in paragraph 6 above;
S/RES/2048 (2012)
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New Sanctions Committee
9. Decides to establish, in accordance with rule 28 of its provisional rules of
procedure, a Committee of the Security Council consisting of all the members of the
Council (herein “the Committee”), to undertake to following tasks:
(a) To monitor implementation of the measures imposed in paragraph 4;
(b) To designate those individuals subject to the measures imposed by
paragraph 4 and to consider requests for exemptions in accordance with paragraph 5
above;
(c) To establish such guidelines as may be necessary to facilitate the
implementation of the measures imposed above;
(d) To report within thirty days to the Security Council on its work for the
first report and thereafter to report as deemed necessary by the Committee;
(e) To encourage a dialogue between the Committee and interested Member
States and international, regional and subregional organizations, in particular those
in the region, including by inviting representatives of such States or organizations to
meet with the Committee to discuss implementation of the measures;
(f) To seek from all States and international, regional and subregional
organizations whatever information it may consider useful regarding the actions
taken by them to implement effectively the measures imposed above;
(g) To examine and take appropriate action on information regarding alleged
violations or non-compliance with the measures contained in this resolution;
10. Calls upon all Member States to report to the Committee within 120 days
of the adoption of this resolution on the steps they have taken with a view to
implementing effectively paragraph 4;
11. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Council an initial report
on the implementation of paragraph 1 above within 15 days of the adoption of this
resolution, and regular reports, every 90 days thereafter, on the implementation of
all its elements, as well as on the humanitarian situation in Guinea-Bissau;
Commitment to review
12. Affirms that it shall keep the situation in Guinea-Bissau under continuous
review and that it shall be prepared to review the appropriateness of the measures
contained in this resolution, including the strengthening through additional
measures, such as an embargo on arms and financial measures, modification,
suspension or lifting of the measures, as may be needed at any time in light of the
progress achieved in the stabilization of the country, the restoration of the
constitutional order, in compliance with this resolution;
13. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.
S/RES/2048 (2012)
12-34647 5
Annex
Travel ban
1. General António INJAI (a.k.a António INDJAI)
Nationality: Guinea-Bissau
Date of birth: 20 January 1955
Place of birth: Encheia, Sector de Bissorá, Região de Oio, Guinea-Bissau
Parentage: Wasna Injai and Quiritche Cofte
Official function: Lieutenant General – Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces
Passport: Diplomatic passport AAID00435
Date of issue: 18.02.2010
Place of issue: Guinea-Bissau
Date of expiry: 18.02.2013
António Injai was personally involved in planning and leading the mutiny of
1 April 2010, culminating with the illegal apprehension of the Prime Minister,
Carlo Gomes Junior, and the then Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, José
Zamora Induta; during the 2012 electoral period, in his capacity as Chief of
Staff of the Armed Forces, Injai made statements threatening to overthrow the
elected authorities and to put an end to the electoral process; António Injai has
been involved in the operational planning of the coup d’état of 12 April 2012.
In the aftermath of the coup, the first communiqué by the “Military Command”
was issued by the Armed Forces General Staff, which is led by General Injai.
2. Major General Mamadu TURE (a.k.a. N’KRUMAH)
Nationality: Guinea-Bissau
Date of birth: 26 April 1947
Official function: Deputy Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces
Passport: Diplomatic passport DA0002186
Date of issue: 30.03.2007
Place of issue: Guinea-Bissau
Date of expiry: 26.08.2013
Member of the “Military Command” which has assumed responsibility for the
coup d’état of 12 April 2012.
3. General Estêvão NA MENA
Nationality: Guinea-Bissau
Date of birth: 07 March 1956
Official function: Inspector-General of the Armed Forces
Member of the “Military Command” which has assumed responsibility for the
coup d’état of 12 April 2012.
S/RES/2048 (2012)
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4. Brigadier General Ibraima CAMARÁ (a.k.a. “Papa Camará”)
Nationality: Guinea-Bissau
Date of birth: 11 May 1964
Parentage: Suareba Camará and Sale Queita
Official function: Chief of Staff of the Air Force
Passport: Diplomatic passport AAID00437
Date of issue: 18.02.2010
Place of issue: Guinea-Bissau
Date of expiry: 18.02.2013
Member of the “Military Command” which has assumed responsibility for the
coup d’état of 12 April 2012.
5. Lieutenant colonel Daba NAUALNA (a.k.a. Daba Na Walna)
Nationality: Guinea-Bissau
Date of birth: 6 June 1966
Parentage: Samba Naualna and In-Uasne Nanfafe
Official function: Spokesperson of the “Military Command”
Passport: Passport SA000417
Date of issue: 29.10.2003
Place of issue: Guinea-Bissau
Date of expiry: 10.03.2013
Spokesperson of the “Military Command” which has assumed responsibility
for the coup d’état of 12 April 2012.

Topics
Guinea-Bissau
Year
2012
Title
The situation in Guinea-Bissau
Quoted in resolutions
2092 2103 2157 2186 2203 2267 2343
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA AZE COL DEU GTM IND MAR PAK PRT TGO ZAF