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Resolution 2103

Guinea-Bissau

Abstract

S/RES/2103 (2013)
Security Council Distr.: General
22 May 2013
13-34353 (E)
*1334353*
Resolution 2103 (2013)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6968th meeting,
on 22 May 2013
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions, statements of its President and press
statements on the situation in Guinea-Bissau, in particular resolutions 1876 (2009),
2030 (2011), 2048 (2012) and 2092 (2013),
Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on Guinea-Bissau, dated
6 May 2013 (S/2013/262) and the recommendations contained therein, and
welcoming the activities undertaken by the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding
Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS), despite the political and security challenges
in the field,
Remaining seriously concerned about the situation in Guinea-Bissau since the
military coup of 12 April 2012 and by the fact that despite the progress made due to
the continuing efforts of UNIOGBIS and subregional, regional and international
partners to help resolve the crisis, constitutional order has still not been restored in
Guinea-Bissau,
Stressing that the consolidation of peace and stability in Guinea-Bissau can
only result from a consensual, inclusive and nationally owned transition process, the
restoration of and respect for constitutional order, the reforms in the defence,
security and justice sectors, the promotion of the rule of law, the protection of
human rights, the promotion of socioeconomic development and the fight against
impunity and drug trafficking,
Taking note of the recent important political developments in Guinea-Bissau
and of the intention of key stakeholders to revise the transitional political pact
including setting technically feasible deadlines for the holding of free, fair and
transparent presidential and legislative elections in line with national legislation and
relevant international standards; taking note also of the signing of the “Agreement
of Principles for the return to constitutional normalcy” on 30 April 2013, by all
political parties, military, civil society groups and religious leaders by which they
decided to extend the transition period until 31 December 2013, with elections to be
held in November 2013; to form an all-inclusive transitional Government; and to
elect the President of the National Electoral Commission upon receipt of a proposal
from the Supreme Court’s Council of Judges, S/RES/2103 (2013)
2 13-34353
Stressing that all stakeholders in Guinea-Bissau should work to ensure short,
medium and long-term stability through clear commitment and genuine inclusive
political dialogue aimed at creating conditions conducive to the restoration of and
respect for constitutional order following credible elections that will be acceptable
to all and conducive to finding viable and sustainable solutions to the country’s
social, economic, political and military problems, which would facilitate the
implementation of key reforms and the strengthening of State Institutions,
Deploring the continued lack of effective civilian control and oversight over
the defence and security forces, which hampers the political process and effective
functioning of State institutions, as a result of collusion between some political
actors and the military leadership,
Welcoming the efforts of Economic Community of West African States
(ECOWAS) to support the security sector reform (SSR) process in Guinea-Bissau
namely through the activities of its Mission in Guinea-Bissau (ECOMIB),
Reiterating serious concern about reports of continuing serious violations and
abuses of human rights, as well as the atmosphere of political tension in GuineaBissau, and condemning restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of
assembly and of the press,
Reiterating its deep concern at the reported increase in drug trafficking in
Guinea-Bissau since the military coup of 12 April 2012, and at the threat it poses to
stability, re-emphasizing the need to tackle the problem of drug trafficking in the
countries of origin, transit and final destination through an approach of common and
shared responsibility,
Underlining that any lasting solution to instability in Guinea-Bissau should
include concrete actions to fight impunity and ensure that those responsible for
politically-motivated assassinations and other serious crimes such as drug
trafficking-related activities and breaches of constitutional order are brought to
justice, including through transitional justice mechanisms,
Reiterating the importance of the continued support of the United Nations and,
international, regional, subregional, and bilateral partners for the long-term security
and development of Guinea-Bissau, particularly towards the restoration of
constitutional order, the implementation of security and justice sectors reforms, the
fight against drug trafficking, organized crime and human trafficking, as well as the
creation of an enabling environment for good governance and inclusive social and
economic development,
Commending the important work of the United Nations Office on Drugs and
Crime (UNODC) in collaboration with the United Nations relevant entities in the
fight against drug trafficking and transnational organized crime in Guinea-Bissau
and the subregion, regretting the closure of the UNODC in Guinea-Bissau for lack
of funding, and looking forward to the reinstatement of UNODC at the appropriate
time and encouraging enhanced cooperation between UNODC and UNIOGBIS,
Stressing the urgent need to maintain in Guinea-Bissau continuous evaluation
capacity and to continue to support national, subregional, regional and international
institutions in charge of the fight against drug trafficking, S/RES/2103 (2013)
13-34353 3
Stressing the need for increased coherence, coordination and efficiency among
relevant partners to enhance their collective efforts toward combating drug
trafficking in Guinea-Bissau, in particular through sharing of information,
Emphasizing the important role of women in prevention and resolution of
conflicts and in peacebuilding, as recognized in resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820
(2008), 1888 (2009) and 1889 (2009), welcoming the Mission’s work in this regard
and underlining that a gender perspective must continue to inform the
implementation of relevant aspects of the mandate of UNIOGBIS,
Condemning cases of illegal and unauthorized fishing in Guinea-Bissau’s
territorial waters and exclusive economic zone, which undermines prospects for the
country’s economic development,
Reaffirming that Guinea-Bissau’s partners should continue to actively and
closely coordinate their actions to help bring solutions to the country’s political,
security and development challenges; in this regard, welcoming the efforts made by
the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Guinea-Bissau to help ensure
that all international actors involved in addressing the situation in Guinea-Bissau
speak with one voice; looking forward to receiving the conclusions and
recommendations of the joint African Union (AU), (ECOWAS), Community of
Portuguese-speaking Language Countries (CPLP), European Union (EU) and United
Nations assessment mission that was dispatched to Bissau from 16 to 21 December
2012 to assess the political and security situation in the country; taking note of the
fact that all international partners have acknowledged the necessity to form an
inclusive transitional government and to adopt a consensual road map with the
commitment to hold elections by the end of this year,
Stressing that the complex situation in Guinea-Bissau has undermined the
smooth implementation of the mandate conferred by the Council to UNIOGBIS,
pursuant to resolution 2030 (2011), as well as the activities of the Peacebuilding
Commission and stressing in this regard, the need to further realign the United
Nations system’s state-building and peacebuilding activities and the contribution of
the Peacebuilding Fund to peace consolidation in Guinea-Bissau,
Taking note of the statement made by the Chair of the Guinea-Bissau
Configuration of the Peacebuilding Commission on 9 May 2013, with regard to the
Peacebuilding Commission’s determination to re-engage with Guinea-Bissau in the
future,
Taking note of the conclusions of the United Nations inter-agency Technical
Assessment Mission contained in the report of the Secretary-General, as well as the
recommendations relating to the mandate of UNIOGBIS,
Reaffirming its full commitment to the consolidation of peace and stability in
Guinea-Bissau:
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNIOGBIS for a period of 12 months
beginning on 1 June 2013 until 31 May 2014, and to readjust it as recommended by
the Secretary-General to perform the following tasks:
(a) Supporting an inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation
process to facilitate the return to constitutional order; S/RES/2103 (2013)
4 13-34353
(b) Assisting in creating an environment conducive to the holding of free,
fair and transparent elections;
(c) Assisting in strengthening democratic institutions and enhancing the
capacity of state organs to function effectively and constitutionally;
(d) Providing strategic and technical advice and support for the
establishment of effective and efficient law enforcement and criminal justice and
penitentiary systems, capable of maintaining public security and combating
impunity while respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms;
(e) Providing strategic and technical advice and support to national
authorities and relevant stakeholders, including in coordination with
ECOWAS/ECOMIB, in implementing the national security sector reform and rule of
law strategies as well as developing civilian and military justice systems that are
compliant with international standards;
(f) Assisting national authorities to combat drug trafficking and
transnational organized crime, in close cooperation with UNODC;
(g) Undertaking human rights promotion, protection, monitoring and
reporting activities;
(h) Mainstreaming a gender perspective into peacebuilding, in line with
Security Council resolutions 1325 (2000) and 1820 (2008);
(i) Working with the Peacebuilding Commission in support of GuineaBissau’s peacebuilding priorities; and
(j) Contributing to the mobilization, harmonization and coordination of
international assistance, including for the implementation of the national security
sector reform and rule of law strategies, and enhancing cooperation with the AU, the
ECOWAS, the CPLP, the EU and other partners in support of the restoration and
maintenance of constitutional order and the stabilization of Guinea-Bissau;
2. Fully supports the Secretary-General’s recommendations related to
adjustments to the integrated approach in Guinea-Bissau, the Peacebuilding
Commission and Peacebuilding Fund, and of the activities of the United Nations
Country Team, as outlined in his report;
3. Takes note of ongoing consultations among Guinea-Bissau’s stakeholders
to resolve the current crisis and urges them to enhance their efforts towards the
formation of an inclusive government, the adoption of a consensual transitional road
map including for elections in 2013, and the adoption of a newly drafted “Regime
pact”;
4. Underlines the importance of free, fair and transparent elections to
ensure the restoration of constitutional order by the end of 2013 and requests the
Secretary-General, through his Special Representative for Guinea-Bissau and
UNIOGBIS and the United Nations as a whole, to provide electoral assistance to
that end;
5. Reiterates its demand to the armed forces to submit themselves fully to
civilian control;
6. Condemns the violations and abuses of human rights, including political
and civil rights, urges the Guinea-Bissau authorities to take all necessary measures S/RES/2103 (2013)
13-34353 5
to protect human rights, put an end to impunity, initiate investigations to identify the
perpetrators of such acts and bring them to justice and take action to protect
witnesses in order to ensure due process; urges them to take steps to mitigate the
climate of fear resulting from restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of
assembly;
7. Welcomes the joint efforts by international partners, in particular the
African Union, the CPLP, ECOWAS, the European Union and the United Nations, to
enhance cooperation in support of the restoration of constitutional order in GuineaBissau and encourages them to continue to work together towards the country’s
stabilization;
8. Requests the Secretary-General to continue to work through UNIOGBIS,
in coordination with other partners, including ECOWAS and CPLP, on the ongoing
dialogue process among political parties, to facilitate the achievement of the
objectives referred to in paragraph 3 above in view of the restoration of
constitutional order;
9. Encourages the efforts in support of SSR as a crucial element for longterm stability in Guinea-Bissau and encourages coordinated action by all relevant
subregional, regional, and international partners of Guinea-Bissau in this field in
order to obtain expeditious and positive results;
10. Calls upon the Guinea-Bissau authorities to review, adopt and implement
national legislations and mechanisms to more effectively combat transnational
organized crime, in particular drug trafficking and money laundering, and in this
context, to provide additional support to the Transnational Crime Unit (TCU)
established under the West Africa Coast Initiative (WACI); and urges both the
civilian and military leadership in Guinea-Bissau and international partners to
demonstrate greater commitment to combat drug trafficking;
11. Encourages members of the international community to enhance
cooperation with Guinea-Bissau, in order to enable it to ensure control of air traffic
and surveillance of maritime security within its jurisdiction, in particular to fight
drug trafficking and organized crime, as well as illegal fishing in Guinea-Bissau’s
territorial waters and exclusive economic zone;
12. Requests the Special Representative of the Secretary-General to increase
efforts to achieve greater coherence, coordination and efficiency among relevant
United Nations agencies, funds and programs in Guinea-Bissau to maximize their
collective effectiveness toward combating drug trafficking, in particular through
provision by these agencies, funds and programs of relevant information to the
Special Representative on individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated
with drug-trafficking that contribute to creating a threat to the peace, stability and
security of Guinea-Bissau and the subregion;
13. Invites the Special Representative of the Secretary-General to share all
relevant information with the Committee established pursuant to its resolution 2048
(2012), particularly names of individuals who meet the criteria set forth in
paragraph 6 and elaborated by paragraph 7 of resolution 2048 (2012);
14. Stresses the challenges posed by the fight against drug trafficking in the
search of solutions to the overall political and economic crisis in Guinea-Bissau, and S/RES/2103 (2013)
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requests the Secretary-General to ensure the relevant capacity within UNIOGBIS,
by providing an anti-drug component, including appropriate expertise;
15. Encourages international bilateral and multilateral partners to continue
their technical support to Guinea-Bissau in strengthening efforts to tackle
transnational organized crime including illicit activities, such as money-laundering
and drug trafficking, calls upon them to increase their support to WACI and the
TCU to fight transnational organized crime and drug trafficking which threaten
security and stability in Guinea-Bissau and in the subregion and further encourages
them to contribute to support UNODC presence in Guinea-Bissau and to the
UNIOGBIS Trust Fund for immediate, medium and longer-term priorities, including
for elections and post-election reforms;
16. Emphasizes the importance of the organization of an international
pledging conference on the recovery of Guinea-Bissau after the holding of free, fair
and transparent elections;
17. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Council regular reports,
every 180 days, on the implementation of this resolution and to continue to provide
concurrent report on the implementation of resolution 2048 (2012) every 90 days
restarting with the adoption of this resolution;
18. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter

Topics
Guinea-Bissau
Year
2013
Title
Guinea-Bissau
Related with resolutions
1325 1820 1876 1888 1889 2030 2048 2092
Quoted in resolutions
2157 2186 2203 2267 2343
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA ARG AUS AZE GTM KOR LUX MAR PAK RWA TGO