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Resolution 2030

The situation in Guinea-Bissau


S/RES/2030 (2011)
Security Council Distr.: General
21 December 2011
11-64769 (E)
Resolution 2030 (2011)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6695th meeting, on
21 December 2011
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions and statements of its President concerning
the situation in Guinea-Bissau, in particular its resolutions 1876 (2009) and 1949
Welcoming the efforts made by the Government of Guinea-Bissau towards the
maintenance of stability and constitutional order, including the work of the National
Assembly on reconciliation,
Noting the encouraging steps taken by the Government of Guinea-Bissau in
achieving economic reform, including public administration and public finance
reforms, and welcoming the adoption by the authorities of Guinea-Bissau of the
second poverty reduction strategy paper and a national strategic document for action
on the social determinants of health, and noting the efforts of bilateral partners to
support the development of the health sector,
Stressing the importance of the upcoming legislative election in Guinea-Bissau
and the need to have free, fair and transparent elections as a crucial and necessary
step towards the consolidation of democracy and national reconciliation, and calling
upon all stakeholders to contribute to a peaceful environment during and after the
Reaffirming that the Government of Guinea-Bissau and all stakeholders must
remain committed to national reconciliation through genuine and inclusive political
dialogue, respect for constitutional order, reforms in the defence, security and
justice sectors, the promotion of the rule of law, human rights and the promotion of
socio-economic development and the fight against impunity and illicit drug
Stressing the importance of security sector reform for the consolidation of
peace in Guinea-Bissau and the need for the authorities of Guinea-Bissau to
intensify efforts to create the enabling environment for enhanced civilian control
over the security forces of Guinea-Bissau, in particular the armed forces,
Noting with deep concern the threats to national and subregional security and
stability posed by the growth in illicit drug trafficking and organized crime in S/RES/2030 (2011)
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Guinea-Bissau, welcoming the approval by the Government of the 2011-2014
National Operational Plan to combat illicit drug trafficking and organized crime and
the establishment in Guinea-Bissau, under the framework of the West Africa Coast
Initiative (WACI), of a Transnational Crime Unit, and re-emphasizing the need to
tackle the problem of illicit drug trafficking in the countries of origin, transit and
final destination through an approach of common and shared responsibility,
Reiterating the importance of the continued support of the United Nations and
the international community for the long-term security and development of GuineaBissau, particularly in the fields of security sector reform, justice, the fight against
illicit drug trafficking and to create the enabling environment to fight impunity and
strengthen Guinea-Bissau’s institutional capacity,
Welcoming the efforts of the Economic Community of West African States
(ECOWAS) and the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP) to assist
in the reforms of the defence and security sectors in Guinea-Bissau, noting the need
for further efforts to implement the ECOWAS-CPLP road map in support of those
reforms and encouraging the international community to remain engaged in
addressing key challenges in the country,
Reiterating the importance of regional and subregional cooperation in
addressing the challenges faced by Guinea-Bissau,
Encouraging relevant stakeholders to remain engaged in addressing key
governance and peacebuilding challenges in the country,
Re-emphasizing that the Government of Guinea-Bissau bears the primary
responsibility for security, the protection of its civilian population, peacebuilding
and long-term development in the country,
Recalling its appreciation for the work of the United Nations Integrated
Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS) in coordinating the assistance
provided by the United Nations and international partners to Guinea-Bissau,
Welcoming the continued engagement of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC)
in Guinea-Bissau and the recent visit of the Chair of the Commission’s GuineaBissau Configuration, taking note of the briefing of the Chair of the Guinea-Bissau
Configuration of the PBC on 3 November 2011 and acknowledging the contribution
of the Peacebuilding Fund to peacebuilding in Guinea-Bissau;
Reaffirming its full commitment to the consolidation of peace and stability in
1. Decides to extend the mandate of UNIOGBIS as established in paragraph
3 of resolution 1876 (2009), until 28 February 2013;
2. Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on Guinea-Bissau dated
21 October 2011 (S/2011/655) and of the recommendations contained therein and
welcomes the activities of UNIOGBIS;
3. Takes note of the strategic work plan developed pursuant to resolution
1949, emphasizes that the reform of the defence and security sectors, the fight
against impunity and the fight against illicit drug trafficking remain priority sectors
for peace consolidation in Guinea-Bissau and further requests the Secretary-General
to measure and track progress, in the next reports, on the work of UNIOGBIS in
support of efforts by the relevant authorities of Guinea-Bissau in those sectors S/RES/2030 (2011)
11-64769 3
through the appropriate benchmarks, including recommendations to address gaps if
there are any, without prejudice to the remaining tasks of the UNIOGBIS mandate;
4. Calls upon the Government and all political stakeholders in GuineaBissau to work together to consolidate peace and stability in the country, use legal
and peaceful means to resolve differences and intensify efforts for genuine and
inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation, including the National
Conference on Reconciliation and requests the Secretary-General, including through
his Special Representative, to support such efforts;
5. Urges members of the Armed Forces of Guinea-Bissau, in particular its
leaders, to respect constitutional order, civilian rule and oversight, as well as the
rule of law and human rights, to refrain from any interference in political issues, to
guarantee the security of the national institutions, as well as the population in
general, and to fully participate in the reform of the defence and security sectors
further urges Guinea-Bissau’s political leaders to refrain from involving the military
and the judiciary in politics;
6. Requests the Secretary-General, through his Special Representative in
Guinea-Bissau, to continue to assist the Government to enhance its coordination of
international assistance for credible security sector reform under the principle of
national ownership and full civilian control of the military;
7. Welcomes the ECOWAS-CPLP partnership to support Security Sector
Reform (SSR) in Guinea-Bissau, calls on ECOWAS, CPLP and the Government of
Guinea-Bissau to continue to fulfil their commitments in the framework of the
ECOWAS-CPLP road map, especially the operationalization of a pension fund for
members of the armed forces and security services, including their leaders, as well
as the rejuvenation and professionalization of the military and security structures,
recognizes the importance of contributions to the pension fund to take forward SSR,
and in this context further welcomes the contribution of the Government of GuineaBissau to the pension fund and further calls on the authorities of Guinea-Bissau to
complete the adoption of the basic legislation and framework related to the reform
of the defence and security sectors including the pension fund;
8. Calls for the conclusion of the investigations into the political
assassinations of March and June 2009 as soon as possible, calls on the Government
of Guinea-Bissau to create the enabling environment to ensure that the work of the
National Commission of Inquiry is credible, transparent and consistent with
internationally agreed standards, and requests the Secretary-General, to assist in the
conclusion of these investigations, and further calls on the AU, ECOWAS, the
CPLP, the European Union (EU) and other partners, to support, as appropriate, these
and other efforts by the authorities to end impunity;
9. Calls upon the authorities of Guinea-Bissau to ensure the prosecution,
with full respect for due process, of those responsible for all criminal acts including
illicit drug trafficking;
10. Urges the Government of Guinea-Bissau to continue to tackle corruption
including by implementing the United Nations Convention against Corruption;
11. Encourages the Government of Guinea-Bissau to continue the
implementation of the West Africa Coast Initiative (WACI) in the country; S/RES/2030 (2011)
4 11-64769
12. Also urges the international community, including the Peacebuilding
Commission and regional organizations such as the AU, ECOWAS, the CPLP and
the EU, as well as bilateral partners as appropriate, to increase their support to
WACI to fight transnational organized crime and illicit drug trafficking which
threaten security and stability in Guinea-Bissau and in the subregion; welcomes in
this regard the commitment of the Government of Guinea-Bissau to tackle this
threat through the implementation of its 2011-2014 national operational plan and
calls on the Government to allocate the necessary resources to implement the plan
and for international partners to assist national authorities in this regard;
13. Requests the Peacebuilding Commission to continue to support the
implementation of Guinea-Bissau’s peacebuilding priorities as well as to continue to
provide advice to the Security Council on how to remove critical obstacles to
peacebuilding in Guinea-Bissau, in particular security sector reform and illicit drug
trafficking and to keep the Council updated on progress it has made in helping to
address these;
14. Calls on all national stakeholders, including political, military and civil
society actors, to fully participate in the National Conference on Reconciliation and
to ensure that a follow-up mechanism to implement the National Conference’s
recommendations be put in place;
15. Encourages the Special Representative of the Secretary-General to
continue to pursue efforts to enhance integration and effectiveness of the United
Nations presence on the ground in support of the stabilization, peace and
development priorities of the Government and people of Guinea-Bissau and further,
to give special attention to increased interaction with the authorities of GuineaBissau in order to strengthen its institutional capacities;
16. Emphasizes the important role of women in prevention and resolution of
conflicts and in peacebuilding, as recognized in resolution 1325 (2000),1820 (2008),
1888 (2009),1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010), underlines that a gender perspective
should continue to be taken into account in implementing all aspects of the mandate
of UNIOGBIS, and encourages UNIOGBIS to continue to work with national
authorities in this regard, and relevant stakeholders to improve women’s
participation in peacebuilding;
17. Requests the Secretary-General to report on progress made in
implementing this resolution and the mandate of UNIOGBIS as outlined in
resolution 1876 (2009) through a briefing in March 2012, a report in July 2012 and
every six months thereafter;
18. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

The situation in Guinea-Bissau
Related with resolutions
1325 1820 1876 1888 1889 1949 1960
Quoted in resolutions
2092 2103 2157 2186 2203 2267 2343 2404 2458
Security Council Composition