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Resolution 2035

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan

Abstract

S/RES/2035 (2012)
Security Council Distr.: General
17 February 2012
12-23587 (E)
*1223587*
Resolution 2035 (2012)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 6716th meeting, on
17 February 2012
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions and statements of its President concerning
Sudan,
Reaffirming its commitment to the cause of peace throughout Sudan, to the
sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Sudan, to the full and
timely resolution of outstanding Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) issues,
welcoming the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, and recalling the importance of
the principles of good neighbourliness, non-interference and cooperation in the
relations among States in the region,
Recognizing that the Darfur conflict cannot be resolved militarily and a
durable solution can only be obtained through an inclusive political process,
Reiterating its full support for efforts to reach a comprehensive and inclusive
solution to the conflict in Darfur, and welcoming the Doha Document for Peace in
Darfur as a basis for these efforts, the need for the completion of the political
process, and an end to the violence and abuses in Darfur,
Urging the Government of Sudan and the Liberation and Justice Movement
(LJM) to deliver on the commitments made in the Doha Document for Peace in
Darfur, and urging all parties, in particular other armed movements who have not
signed the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, to indicate a willingness to
negotiate without preconditions or further delays on the basis of the Doha Document
for Peace in Darfur and fully participate in the Joint African Union/United Nations
Mediation,
Welcoming the inauguration of the Darfur Regional Authority as an important
step in the implementation of the Doha Document for Peace,
Demanding that the parties to the conflict exercise restraint and cease military
action of all kind, including aerial bombardments,
Demanding an immediate and complete cessation by all parties to armed
conflict of all acts of sexual violence against civilians in line with resolutions 1325
(2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), and 1889 (2009); recruitment and use of children
S/RES/2035 (2012)
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in line with resolutions 1998 (2011), 1612 (2005), and 1882 (2009); and
indiscriminate attacks on civilians in line with resolution 1894 (2009),
Commending the efforts of, and reiterating its full support for, the United
Nations/African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), the Joint African
Union/United Nations Mediation, the United Nations Secretary-General, the African
Union High Level Implementation Panel on Sudan, and the leaders of the region to
promote peace and stability in Darfur, and expressing strong support for the political
process under the African Union/United Nations-led mediation,
Urging enhanced cooperation and information sharing between UNAMID and
the Panel of Experts, called for by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations’
guidelines and with the assistance of the UNAMID focal point,
Recalling the 28 June 2011 midterm report by the Panel of Experts appointed
by the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 3 (b) of resolution 1591 (2005) and
extended by subsequent resolutions, taking note of the Panel of Expert’s final report,
and expressing its intent to study, through the Committee, the Panel’s
recommendations and to consider appropriate next steps,
Expressing concern over the obstacles that have been imposed on the work of
the Panel of Experts during the course of its last mandate, including delays in the
issuance of visas and travel permits, and restrictions to the freedom of movement of
the Panel of Experts and UNAMID,
Emphasizing the need to respect the provisions of the Charter concerning
privileges and immunities, and the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of
the United Nations, as applicable to United Nations operations and persons engaged
in such operations,
Reminding all States, particularly States in the region, of the obligations
contained in resolutions 1556 (2004), 1591 (2005), and 1945 (2010) in particular
those obligations relating to arms and related materiel,
Stressing the necessity articulated in the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur
that all Parties to the armed conflict in Darfur shall fully and unconditionally accept
their obligations under international humanitarian law, international human rights
law, and relevant Security Council resolutions,
Calling on the Government of Sudan to fulfil all its commitments, including
lifting the state of emergency in Darfur, allowing free expression and undertaking
effective efforts to ensure accountability for serious violations of international
human rights and humanitarian law, by whomsoever perpetrated,
Emphasizing the imperative, highlighted in the Doha Document for Peace in
Darfur, to refrain from all acts of violence against civilians, in particular vulnerable
groups such as women and children, and from violations of human rights and
international humanitarian law and the need to address the urgent humanitarian
crisis faced by the people of Darfur, including the guarantee of unrestricted
humanitarian access to all areas,
Noting that acts of hostility, violence or intimidation against the civilian
population, including IDPs, in Darfur and other activities that could endanger or
undermine the Parties’ commitment to a complete and durable cessation of
hostilities would be inconsistent with the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur,
S/RES/2035 (2012)
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Determining that the situation in Sudan continues to constitute a threat to
international peace and security in the region,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Decides to extend until 17 February 2013 the mandate of the Panel of
Experts, originally appointed pursuant to resolution 1591 (2005) and previously
extended by resolutions 1651 (2005), 1665 (2006), 1713 (2006), 1779 (2007), 1841
(2008), and 1891 (2009), 1945 (2010), and 1982 (2011) and requests the Secretary-
General to take the necessary administrative measures, including basing
arrangements, as expeditiously as possible;
2. Notes the creation on 11 January 2012 of two additional states in Darfur,
and confirms that all previous references to North, South and West Darfur shall
apply to all the territory of Darfur, including the new states of Eastern and Central
Darfur;
3. Decides that the listing criteria set out in paragraph (3) (c) of resolution
1591 (2005) shall also apply to entities;
4. Decides that the exemptions in support of the implementation of the
Comprehensive Peace Agreement set forth in paragraph 7 of resolution 1591 (2005)
and further clarified in paragraph 8 (b) of resolution 1945 (2010) shall no longer
apply;
5. Requests the Panel of Experts to provide no later than 31 July 2012, a
midterm briefing on its work and no later than 90 days after the adoption of this
resolution an interim report to the Committee established pursuant to paragraph 3 (a)
of resolution 1591 (2005) (hereinafter “the Committee”) and a final report no later
than 30 days prior to termination of its mandate to the Council with its findings and
recommendations;
6. Requests the Panel of Experts to provide monthly updates to the
Committee regarding its activities, including Panel travel, any obstacles encountered
to the fulfilment of its mandate, as well as violations of the sanctions;
7. Requests the Panel of Experts to report, in the timeframe identified in
paragraph 5, on the implementation and effectiveness of paragraph 10 of resolution
1945 (2010);
8. Requests the Panel of Experts to coordinate its activities as appropriate
with the operations of the United Nations/African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur
(UNAMID) and with international efforts to promote the political process in Darfur,
and to assess in its interim and final reports progress towards reducing violations by
all parties of the measures imposed by paragraphs 7 and 8 of resolution 1556 (2005),
paragraph 7 of resolution 1591 (2005), and paragraph 10 of resolution 1945 (2010),
progress towards removing impediments to the political process, threats to stability in
Darfur and the region, violations of international humanitarian or human rights law or
other atrocities, including sexual- and gender-based violence, and other violations of
the above-mentioned resolutions, and to provide the Committee with information on
the individuals and entities that meet the listing criteria in paragraph 3 (c) of
resolution 1591;
9. Regrets that some individuals affiliated with the Government of Sudan
and armed groups in Darfur have continued to commit violence against civilians,
S/RES/2035 (2012)
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impede the peace process, and disregard the demands of the Council, expresses its
intention to impose targeted sanctions against individuals and entities that meet the
listing criteria in paragraph 3 (c) of resolution 1591 (2005), and encourages the
Panel of Experts, in coordination with the Joint African Union/United Nations
Mediation, to provide to the Committee when appropriate the names of any
individuals, groups, or entities that meet the listing criteria;
10. Requests the Panel of Experts to continue to investigate the role of
armed, military, and political groups in attacks against UNAMID personnel in
Darfur, and notes that individuals and entities who plan, sponsor or participate in
such attacks constitute a threat to stability in Darfur and may therefore meet the
designation criteria provided for in paragraph 3 (c) of resolution 1591 (2005);
11. Expresses its concern that certain items are being converted for military
purposes and transferred to Darfur, and urges all States to be mindful of this risk in
light of the measures contained in resolution 1591 (2005);
12. Urges all States, relevant United Nations bodies, the African Union and
other interested parties, to cooperate fully with the Committee and the Panel of
Experts, in particular by supplying any information at their disposal on
implementation of the measures imposed by resolution 1591 (2005) and resolution
1556 (2004), and calls on all States to remove all obstacles to the work of the Panel
of Experts, particularly to freedom of movement, including by issuing timely visas
and travel permits;
13. Urges all States, in particular those in the region, to report to the
Committee on the actions they have taken to implement measures imposed by
resolutions 1591 (2005) and 1556 (2004), including imposition of targeted
measures;
14. Expresses its concern that the travel ban and asset freeze on designated
individuals is not being implemented by all States, and requests the Committee to
respond effectively to any reports of non-compliance by States with paragraph 3 of
resolution 1591 (2005) and resolution 1672 (2006), including by engaging with all
relevant parties;
15. Expresses its intention, following the midterm report, to review the state
of implementation, including obstacles to full and effective implementation of the
measures, imposed in resolution 1591 (2005) and 1945 (2010), with a view to
ensuring full compliance;
16. Reaffirms the mandate of the Committee to encourage dialogue with
interested Member States, in particular those in the region, including by inviting
representatives of such States to meet with the Committee to discuss implementation
of the measures and further encourages the Committee to continue its dialogue with
UNAMID;
17. Welcomes the Committee’s work, which has drawn on the reports of the
Panel of Experts and taken advantage of the work done in other fora, to draw
attention to the responsibilities of private sector actors in conflict affected areas;
18. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Topics
Sudan, South, Sudan
Year
2012
Title
Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan
Related with resolutions
1325 1556 1591 1612 1651 1665 1672 1713 1779 1820 1841 1882 1888 1889 1891 1894 1945 1982 1998
Quoted in resolutions
2091 2138 2200 2265 2340
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA AZE COL DEU GTM IND MAR PAK PRT TGO ZAF