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Resolution 2620

Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan and South Sudan (1591 Panel of Experts).

Abstract

Resolution 2620 (2022)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 8964th meeting, on 15 February 2022
The Security Council,
Recalling its previous resolutions concerning Sudan, in particular 1591 (2005), 1651 (2005), 1665 (2006), 1672 (2006), 1713 (2006), 1779 (2007), 1841 (2008), 1891 (2009), 1945 (2010), 1982 (2011), 2035 (2012), 2091 (2013), 2138 (2014), 2200 (2015), 2265 (2016), 2340 (2017), 2400 (2018), 2455 (2019), 2508 (2020), and 2562 (2021) and its Presidential Statement of 11 December 2018 (S/PRST/2018/19),
Recalling the signing of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA) in Juba on 3 October 2020 by the Government of Sudan, the Sudan Revolutionary Front and the Sudan Liberation Movement-Minni Minawi, which represents a significant opportunity for comprehensive and sustainable peace in Sudan and an important milestone towards a peaceful, stable, democratic and prosperous future for Sudan,
Noting with concern the slow pace at which the JPA has been implemented, encouraging the signatories of the peace agreement to accelerate the process of full implementation, and noting that the peace agreement provides for a specific role for the United Nations in supporting the implementation of its provisions,
Urging those who have yet to join the peace process with the Government of Sudan to do so immediately, constructively and without pre-conditions in order to conclude swiftly negotiations on a comprehensive peace agreement, and calling upon all international actors to continue encouraging non-participatory parties in this regard,
Reaffirming the primary responsibility of the Government of Sudan to protect civilians across its territory, and acknowledging in this regard the Government of Sudan’s National Plan for Civilian Protection (S/2020/429) and the weapons-collection programme,
Welcoming the establishment of the permanent ceasefire committee and the joint high military committee for security arrangements, taking note of the renewal of ceasefire throughout the Republic of the Sudan on all fronts and for all groups, expressing concern about the worsening humanitarian situation in Darfur and other regions and the deteriorating security situation in areas of Darfur, including as a result of increased inter-communal violence, and underscoring the need to intensify peacebuilding efforts in Darfur, avoid a relapse into conflict and mitigate the risks for the population posed inter alia by threats against civilians in Darfur, inter-communal violence, proliferation and misuse of small arms and light weapons, human rights violations and abuses, violations of international humanitarian law and continued displacement,
Stressing the need for the Government of Sudan to ensure accountability for human rights violations and abuses and violations of international humanitarian law, and welcoming the provisions of the Constitutional Document on transitional justice and accountability measures in this regard,
Recalling the final report of the Sudan Panel of Experts (S/2022/48),
Determining that the situation in Sudan continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Recalls the measures imposed by paragraphs 7 and 8 of resolution 1556 (2004), as modified by paragraph 7 of resolution 1591 (2005), and paragraph 4 of resolution 2035 (2012), and the listing criteria and measures imposed by subparagraphs (c), (d) and (e) of paragraph 3 of resolution 1591 (2005), as modified by paragraph 3 of resolution 2035 (2012), and reaffirms the provisions of subparagraph (f), (g) of paragraph 3 of resolution 1591 (2005), paragraph 9 of resolution 1556 (2004), and paragraph 4 of resolution 2035 (2012);
2. Decides to extend until 12 March 2023 the mandate of the Panel of Experts originally appointed pursuant to resolution 1591 (2005) and previously extended by resolutions 1779 (2007), 1841 (2008), 1945 (2010), 2035 (2012), 2138 (2014), 2200 (2015), 2265 (2016), 2340 (2017), and 2400 (2018), reaffirms the mandate of the Panel of Experts’ as established in resolutions 1591 (2005), 1779 (2007), 1841 (2008), 1945 (2010), 2035 (2012), 2138 (2014), 2200 (2015), 2265 (2016), 2340 (2017), 2400 (2018), 2455 (2019), 2508 (2020), and 2562 (2021), and requests the Panel of Experts to provide the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1591 (2005) concerning the Sudan (hereafter “the Committee”) with an interim report on its activities no later than 12 August 2022, and provide to the Council, after discussion with the Committee, a final report by 13 January 2023 with its findings and recommendations, and further requests the Panel of Experts to provide updates every three months to the Committee regarding its activities, including Panel travel, and the implementation and effectiveness of paragraph 10 of resolution 1945 (2010), and expresses its intention to review the mandate and take appropriate action regarding the further extension of the mandate no later than 12 February 2023;
3. Recalls paragraph 3 (a) (v) of Security Council resolution 1591 (2005) and requests the Government of Sudan to submit requests for the Committee’s consideration and, where appropriate, prior approval for the movement of military equipment and supplies into the Darfur region, particularly in the context of the implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement, in accordance with paragraph 7 of resolution 1591 (2005), as clarified and updated in paragraph 8 of resolution 1945 (2010) and paragraph 4 of resolution 2035 (2012);
4. Recalls the criteria established in paragraph 3 (c) of its resolution 1591 (2005), and expanded in paragraph 3 of 2035 (2012), and in this regard, expresses its intention to regularly review the measures on Darfur, as recalled in paragraph 1, in light of the upcoming interim report by the Panel of Experts due by 12 August 2022 as well as the final report by the Panel of Experts due by 13 January 2023, and taking into account relevant Security Council resolutions;
5. Takes note of the Secretary-General’s report of 31 July 2021 (S/2021/696), as requested in resolution 2562 (2021), providing a review of the situation in Darfur and recommending benchmarks to assess the measures on Darfur, and expresses its intention to consider by 31 August 2022 establishing clear, well-identified, and realistic key benchmarks, with readiness to consider adjusting measures renewed in paragraph 1 above to respond to the situation in Darfur in light of the evolving situation on the ground, taking note of the Committee Chair’s report and recommendations;
6. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Topics
Sudan, South, Sudan
Year
2022
Title
Reports of the Secretary-General on the Sudan and South Sudan (1591 Panel of Experts).
Related with resolutions
1556 1591 1651 1665 1672 1713 1779 1841 1891 1945 1982 2035 2091 2138 2200 2265 2340 2400 2455 2508 2562
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA IND IRL KEN MEX NOR ALB BRA GAB GHA ARE