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Resolution 2111

Somalia

Abstract

S/RES/2111 (2013)
Security Council Distr.: General
24 July 2013
13-40644 (E)
*1340644*
Resolution 2111 (2013)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 7009th meeting, on
24 July 2013
The Security Council,
Reaffirming its previous resolutions and statements of its President concerning
the situation in Somalia and Eritrea, in particular resolutions 733 (1992), 1844
(2008), 1907 (2009), 2036 (2012), 2060 (2012) and 2093 (2013),
Taking note of the final reports of the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group
(the Monitoring Group) on Somalia (S/2013/413) and Eritrea,
Reaffirming its respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political
independence and unity of Somalia, Djibouti and Eritrea respectively,
Expressing concern at the continued violation of the charcoal ban, and
expressing particular concern over the situation in Kismayo and the impact of these
violations on the deteriorating security situation in the Juba regions,
Condemning flows of weapons and ammunition supplies to and through
Somalia and Eritrea in violation of the arms embargo on Somalia and the arms
embargo on Eritrea, as a serious threat to peace and stability in the region,
Expressing concern at the reports of violations of human rights, including
extrajudicial killings, violence against women, children and journalists, arbitrary
detention and pervasive sexual violence in Somalia, including in camps for
internally displaced persons, and underscoring the need to end impunity, uphold
human rights and to hold accountable those who commit such crimes,
Underlining the importance of the Federal Government of Somalia and donors
being mutually accountable and transparent in the allocation of financial resources,
Recognizing the significant progress in Somalia over the past year,
commending the Federal Government of Somalia for its efforts to bring peace and
stability to Somalia, and encouraging it to set out and define a clear political
process towards implementing a federal structure, in line with the provisional
constitution of Somalia,
Encouraging the engagement of the Federal Government of Somalia in
identifying for listing individuals and entities engaging in acts that threaten the
peace, security and stability of Somalia, as well as other listing criteria,
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Welcoming the intention of the Monitoring Group to continue building a
productive relationship with the Federal Government of Somalia,
Expressing concern at the level of information sharing between humanitarian
agencies and the Monitoring Group, and urging enhanced information sharing and
dialogue between the Monitoring Group and relevant humanitarian agencies,
Expressing its desire to consolidate and affirm current exemptions to the arms
embargo on Somalia and Eritrea in order to facilitate its implementation as well as
to add new exemptions in operative paragraph 10 of this resolution,
Looking forward to the EU-Somalia Conference in Brussels on 16 September,
and in that context urging the international community to work together to ensure
Somali government priorities are effectively supported,
Underlining the importance of international support to the Federal
Government of Somalia in fulfilling its commitments under the terms of the
suspension of the arms embargo,
Welcoming the efforts made by the Secretariat to expand and improve the
roster of experts for the Security Council Subsidiary Organs Branch, bearing in
mind the guidance provided by the Note of the President S/2006/997,
Recalling the Informal Working Group on General Issues of Sanctions report
(S/2006/997) on best practices and methods, including paragraphs 21, 22 and 23 that
discuss possible steps for clarifying methodological standards for monitoring
mechanisms,
Determining that the situation in Somalia, Eritrea’s influence in Somalia, as
well as the dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea, continue to constitute a threat to
international peace and security in the region,
Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
1. Recalls resolution 1844 (2008) which imposed targeted sanctions and
resolutions 2002 (2011) and 2093 (2013) which expanded the listing criteria, and
notes one of the listing criteria under resolution 1844 (2008) is engaging in acts that
threaten the peace, security and stability of Somalia;
2. Reiterates its willingness to adopt targeted measures against individuals
and entities on the basis of the above mentioned criteria;
3. Reiterates that obstructing the investigations or work of the Monitoring
Group is a criterion for listing under paragraph 15 (e) of resolution 1907 (2009);
Arms embargo
4. Reaffirms the arms embargo on Somalia, imposed by paragraph 5 of
resolution 733 (1992) and further elaborated upon in paragraphs 1 and 2 of
resolution 1425 (2002) and modified by paragraphs 33 to 38 of resolution 2093
(2013) (hereafter referred to as “the arms embargo on Somalia”);
5. Further reaffirms the arms embargo on Eritrea imposed by paragraphs 5
and 6 of resolution 1907 (2009) (hereafter referred to as “the arms embargo on
Eritrea”);
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6. Decides that until 6 March 2014 the arms embargo on Somalia shall not
apply to deliveries of weapons or military equipment or the provision of advice,
assistance or training, intended solely for the development of the Security Forces of
the Federal Government of Somalia, to provide security for the Somali people,
except in relation to deliveries of the items set out in the annex to this resolution;
7. Decides that supplies of items in the annex to this resolution to the
Federal Government of Somalia by Member States or international, regional, and
subregional organizations require an advance approval by the committee on a caseby-
case basis;
8. Decides that weapons or military equipment sold or supplied solely for
the development of the Security Forces of the Federal Government of Somalia may
not be resold to, transferred to, or made available for use by, any individual or entity
not in the service of the Security Forces of the Federal Government of Somalia;
9. Reminds the Federal Government of Somalia of its obligations to report
to the Security Council no later than 6 October 2013, following that by 6 February
2014, and every six months thereafter, on:
(a) The structure of the Security Forces of the Federal Government of
Somalia;
(b) The infrastructure in place to ensure the safe storage, registration,
maintenance and distribution of military equipment by the Security Forces of the
Federal Government of Somalia;
(c) The procedures and codes of conduct in place for the registration,
distribution, use and storage of weapons by the Security Forces of the Federal
Government of Somalia, and on training needs in this regard;
10. Decides that the arms embargo on Somalia shall not apply to:
(a) Supplies of weapons or military equipment or the provision of assistance,
intended solely for the support of or use by United Nations personnel, including the
United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM);
(b) Supplies of weapons and military equipment, technical training and
assistance intended solely for the support of or use by the African Union Mission in
Somalia (AMISOM);
(c) Supplies of weapons or military equipment or the provision of assistance
intended solely for the support of, or use by, AMISOM’s strategic partners,
operating solely under the African Union Strategic Concept of 5 January 2012 (or
subsequent AU strategic concepts), and in cooperation and coordination with
AMISOM;
(d) Supplies of weapons and military equipment, technical training and
assistance intended solely for the support of or use by the European Union Training
Mission (EUTM) in Somalia;
(e) Supplies of weapons and military equipment destined for the sole use of
Member States or international, regional and subregional organizations undertaking
measures to suppress acts of piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of
Somalia, upon the request of the Federal Government of Somalia for which it has
notified the Secretary-General, and provided that any measures undertaken shall be
consistent with applicable international humanitarian and human rights law;
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(f) Supplies of protective clothing, including flak jackets and military
helmets, temporarily exported to Somalia by United Nations personnel,
representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and
associated personnel for their personal use only;
(g) Supplies of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for
humanitarian or protective use, notified to the Committee five days in advance and
for its information only, by the supplying State, international, regional or
subregional organization;
11. Further decides that the arms embargo on Somalia shall not apply to:
(a) Supplies of weapons or military equipment and technical assistance or
training by Member States or international, regional and subregional organizations
intended solely for the purposes of helping develop Somali security sector
institutions, in the absence of a negative decision by the Committee within five
working days of receiving a notification of any such assistance from the supplying
State, international, regional or subregional organization;
12. Decides that the arms embargo on Eritrea shall not apply to supplies of
non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use, as
approved on case-by-case basis in advance by the Committee;
13. Decides that the arms embargo on Eritrea shall not apply to protective
clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, temporarily exported to Eritrea
by United Nations personnel, representatives of the media and humanitarian and
development workers and associated personnel for their personal use only;
Notification to the Committee
14. Decides that the Federal Government of Somalia has the primary
responsibility to notify the Committee, for its information at least five days in
advance, of any deliveries of weapons or military equipment or the provision of
assistance intended solely for the Security Forces of the Federal Government of
Somalia, as permitted in paragraph 6 of this resolution and excluding the items
listed in the Annex to this resolution;
15. Further decides that the Member State or international, regional and
subregional organization delivering assistance may, in the alternative, make this
notification in consultation with the Federal Government of Somalia;
16. Stresses the importance that notifications submitted to the Committee in
accordance with paragraphs 14 and 15 above, contain all relevant information,
including where applicable, the type and quantity of weapons, ammunitions,
military equipment and materiel to be delivered, the proposed date and the specific
place of delivery in Somalia;
17. Calls on the Federal Government of Somalia to fulfil its obligations
under the terms of the suspension of the arms embargo, in particular the notification
procedure set out in paragraph 14 of this resolution;
Charcoal ban
18. Reiterates that the Somali authorities shall take the necessary measures
to prevent the export of charcoal from Somalia and requests that AMISOM support
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and assist the Somali authorities in doing so, as part of AMISOM’s implementation
of its mandate set out in paragraph 1 of resolution 2093, and reiterates that all
Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect
import of charcoal from Somalia, whether or not such charcoal originated in
Somalia;
19. Expresses its deep concern at reports of continuing violations of the
charcoal ban by Member States, requests further detailed information from the
Monitoring Group on possible environmentally sound destruction of Somali
charcoal, reiterates its support for the President of Somalia’s task-force on charcoal
issues, and underscores its willingness to take action against those who violate the
charcoal ban;
20. Reminds all Member States, including police and troop contributing
contingents to AMISOM, of their obligations to abide by the charcoal ban, as set out
in resolution 2036 (2012);
Humanitarian issues
21. Underscores the importance of humanitarian aid operations, condemns
any politicization of humanitarian assistance, or misuse or misappropriation, and
calls upon Member States and the United Nations to take all feasible steps to
mitigate these aforementioned practices in Somalia;
22. Decides that until 25 October 2014 and without prejudice to
humanitarian assistance programmes conducted elsewhere, the measures imposed by
paragraph 3 of resolution 1844 (2008) shall not apply to the payment of funds, other
financial assets or economic resources necessary to ensure the timely delivery of
urgently needed humanitarian assistance in Somalia, by the United Nations, its
specialized agencies or programmes, humanitarian organizations having observer
status with the United Nations General Assembly that provide humanitarian
assistance, and their implementing partners including bilaterally or multilaterally
funded NGOs participating in the United Nations Consolidated Appeal for Somalia;
23. Requests the Emergency Relief Coordinator to report to the Security
Council by 20 March 2014 and again by 20 September 2014 on the delivery of
humanitarian assistance in Somalia and on any impediments to the delivery of
humanitarian assistance in Somalia, and requests relevant United Nations agencies
and humanitarian organizations having observer status with the United Nations
General Assembly and their implementing partners that provide humanitarian
assistance in Somalia to increase their cooperation and willingness to share
information with the United Nations Humanitarian Aid Coordinator for Somalia in
the preparation of such reports and in the interests of increasing transparency and
accountability;
24. Requests enhanced cooperation, coordination and information sharing
between the Monitoring Group and the humanitarian organizations operating in
Somalia and neighbouring countries;
Public financial management
25. Takes note of the President of Somalia’s commitment to improve public
financial management, expresses its serious concern at reports of misappropriation
of Somalia’s public resources, underlines the importance of transparent and
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effective management of public finances, encourages more robust efforts across the
Federal Government of Somalia to address corruption and hold perpetrators
accountable, improve public financial management and accountability, and
reiterates its willingness to take action against individuals involved in the
misappropriation of public resources;
Petroleum sector
26. Encourages the Federal Government of Somalia, to mitigate properly
against the risk of the petroleum sector in Somalia becoming a source of increased
tension in Somalia;
Mandate of the Monitoring Group
27. Decides to extend until 25 November 2014 the mandate of the Somalia
and Eritrea Monitoring Group as set out in paragraph 13 of resolution 2060 (2012)
and updated in paragraph 41 of resolution 2093 (2013), expresses its intent to
review the mandate and take appropriate action regarding the further extension no
later than 25 October 2014, and requests the Secretary-General to take the necessary
administrative measures as expeditiously as possible to re-establish the Monitoring
Group, in consultation with the Committee, for a period of sixteen months from the
date of this resolution, drawing, as appropriate, on the expertise of the members of
the Monitoring Group established pursuant to previous resolutions;
28. To submit, for the Security Council’s consideration, through the
Committee, two final reports; one focusing on Somalia, the other on Eritrea,
covering all the tasks set out in paragraph 13 of resolution 2060 (2012) and updated
in paragraph 41 of resolution 2093 (2013), no later than thirty days prior to the
termination of the Monitoring Group’s mandate;
29. Requests the Committee, in accordance with its mandate and in
consultation with the Monitoring Group and other relevant United Nations entities
to consider the recommendations in the reports of the Monitoring Group and
recommend to the Council ways to improve the implementation of and compliance
with the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes, the measures regarding the import
and export of charcoal from Somalia, as well as implementation of the targeted
measures imposed by paragraphs 1, 3 and 7 of resolutions 1844 (2008) and
paragraphs 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 13 of resolution 1907 (2009) taking into account
paragraph 1 above, in response to continuing violations;
30. Decides that the Monitoring Group shall no longer be obliged to submit
monthly reports to the Committee in the same months in which it provides its
mid-term brief and submits its final reports;
31. Underlines the importance of engagement between the Government of
Eritrea and the Monitoring Group, and underlines its expectation that the
Government of Eritrea will facilitate the entry of the Monitoring Group to Eritrea
without any further delay;
32. Urges all parties and all States, as well as international, regional and
subregional organizations, including AMISOM, to ensure cooperation with the
Monitoring Group, and ensure the safety of the members of the Monitoring Group,
unhindered access, in particular to persons, documents and sites the Monitoring
Group deems relevant to the execution of its mandate;
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AMISOM
33. Looks forward to the results of the upcoming joint review of AMISOM
by the Secretariat and the African Union, requests options and recommendations to
be presented to the Council by 10 October 2013, and welcomes the African Union’s
intention to work closely with the Secretariat on the review;
34. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.
Annex
1. Surface to air missiles, including Man-Portable Air-Defence Systems
(MANPADS);
2. Guns, howitzers, and cannons with a calibre greater than 12.7 mm, and
ammunition and components specially designed for these. (This does not include
shoulder fired anti-tank rocket launchers such as RPGs or LAWs, rifle grenades, or
grenade launchers.);
3. Mortars with a calibre greater than 82 mm;
4. Anti-tank guided weapons, including Anti-tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs) and
ammunition and components specially designed for these items;
5. Charges and devices intended for military use containing energetic materials;
mines and related materiel;
6. Weapon sights with a night vision capability.

Topics
Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia
Year
2013
Title
Somalia
Related with resolutions
733 1425 1844 1907 2002 2036 2060 2093
Quoted in resolutions
2124 2136 2142 2182 2244 2317 2385
Security Council Composition
CHN FRA RUS GBR USA ARG AUS AZE GTM KOR LUX MAR PAK RWA TGO